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Title: Development of the laser evaporation ion source for lithium beam generation on the Particle Beam Fusion Accelerator (PBFA-II)

Abstract

The Laser Evaporation Ion Source (LEVIS) active lithium ion source has been developed for use on the focusing ion diode operated on the 10 TW Particle Beam Fusion Accelerator-II (PBFA-II) [J. P. VanDevender and D. L. Cook, Science {bold 232}, 831 (1986)] at Sandia National Laboratories. The source configuration consists of two laser pulses impinging on a heated (200 {degree}C) thin-film LiAg layer on the anode surface. A short-pulse Nd:YAG laser creates a high-density vapor, which is then ionized by a long-pulse dye laser using the LIBORS (laser ionization based on resonant saturation) ionization method. Small-scale experiments determined that this dual laser-based approach can produce a source plasma of adequate density and confinement for acceleration and transport. Hardware modifications were undertaken to correct problems of premature impedance collapse and lack of beam lithium seen on previous PBFA-II experiments. As much as 85 kJ of Li is measured at the beam focus, but the source may not have been operating in a fully active (i.e., preformed) manner. Focusing performance appears superior to a passive LiF ion source operated on PBFA-II with the same magnetic field topology. {copyright} {ital 1999 American Institute of Physics.}

Authors:
; ; ; ;  [1];  [2]
  1. Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 (United States)
  2. University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
365980
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Physics of Plasmas
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 6; Journal Issue: 9; Other Information: PBD: Sep 1999
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION; 43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS; LITHIUM; ION BEAMS; PARTICLE BEAM FUSION ACCELERATOR; LITHIUM IONS; LITHIUM 7 BEAMS; ION SOURCES; FOCUSING; EVAPORATION; LASER TARGETS; INERTIAL FUSION DRIVERS; INERTIAL CONFINEMENT; ACCELERATION; THERMONUCLEAR IGNITION

Citation Formats

Renk, T.J., Tisone, G.C., Adams, R.G., Johnson, D.J., Ruiz, C.L., and Cooper, G.W. Development of the laser evaporation ion source for lithium beam generation on the Particle Beam Fusion Accelerator (PBFA-II). United States: N. p., 1999. Web. doi:10.1063/1.873629.
Renk, T.J., Tisone, G.C., Adams, R.G., Johnson, D.J., Ruiz, C.L., & Cooper, G.W. Development of the laser evaporation ion source for lithium beam generation on the Particle Beam Fusion Accelerator (PBFA-II). United States. doi:10.1063/1.873629.
Renk, T.J., Tisone, G.C., Adams, R.G., Johnson, D.J., Ruiz, C.L., and Cooper, G.W. Wed . "Development of the laser evaporation ion source for lithium beam generation on the Particle Beam Fusion Accelerator (PBFA-II)". United States. doi:10.1063/1.873629.
@article{osti_365980,
title = {Development of the laser evaporation ion source for lithium beam generation on the Particle Beam Fusion Accelerator (PBFA-II)},
author = {Renk, T.J. and Tisone, G.C. and Adams, R.G. and Johnson, D.J. and Ruiz, C.L. and Cooper, G.W.},
abstractNote = {The Laser Evaporation Ion Source (LEVIS) active lithium ion source has been developed for use on the focusing ion diode operated on the 10 TW Particle Beam Fusion Accelerator-II (PBFA-II) [J. P. VanDevender and D. L. Cook, Science {bold 232}, 831 (1986)] at Sandia National Laboratories. The source configuration consists of two laser pulses impinging on a heated (200 {degree}C) thin-film LiAg layer on the anode surface. A short-pulse Nd:YAG laser creates a high-density vapor, which is then ionized by a long-pulse dye laser using the LIBORS (laser ionization based on resonant saturation) ionization method. Small-scale experiments determined that this dual laser-based approach can produce a source plasma of adequate density and confinement for acceleration and transport. Hardware modifications were undertaken to correct problems of premature impedance collapse and lack of beam lithium seen on previous PBFA-II experiments. As much as 85 kJ of Li is measured at the beam focus, but the source may not have been operating in a fully active (i.e., preformed) manner. Focusing performance appears superior to a passive LiF ion source operated on PBFA-II with the same magnetic field topology. {copyright} {ital 1999 American Institute of Physics.}},
doi = {10.1063/1.873629},
journal = {Physics of Plasmas},
number = 9,
volume = 6,
place = {United States},
year = {1999},
month = {9}
}