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Title: In situ infrared study of methanol synthesis from CO{sub 2}/H{sub 2} on titania and zirconia promoted Cu/SiO{sub 2}

Abstract

In situ infrared studies of methanol synthesis from H{sub 2}/CO{sub 2} have been conducted over Cu/SiO{sub 2} promoted with ZrO{sub 2}, TiO{sub 2}, and a mixture of TiO{sub 2}/ZrO{sub 2}, with the aim of establishing the means by which the added oxide influences the activity of the catalyst for methanol synthesis. While ZrO{sub 2} and TiO{sub 2} individually enhance the methanol synthesis activity of Cu/SiO{sub 2}, a significantly greater enhancement is achieved by addition of both oxides simultaneously. In the absence of oxide addition, infrared spectra taken under reaction conditions suggest that methanol synthesis from CO{sub 2} takes place on the surface of Cu exclusively. When ZrO{sub 2} is added to the catalyst, there is strong evidence for methanol synthesis on the surface of both Cu and ZrO{sub 2}. Catalysis on the surface of ZrO{sub 2} occurs as a consequence of CO{sub 2} adsorption to form b-HCO{sub 3}-Zr, which then undergoes progressive hydrogenation to form methanol. The required atomic hydrogen is supplied from the surface of Cu particles by spillover. When TiO{sub 2} is added there is no evidence for catalysis occurring on the oxide surface, but strong evidence for an enhancement in the level of reaction occurring on themore » surface of Cu. The observed increase in the rate of methanol synthesis is attributed to a reconstruction of the Cu particles to expose the (100) surface, which have been demonstrated to be significantly more active than the (110) or (111) surfaces. The infrared spectra observed when a mixture of ZrO{sub 2} and TiO{sub 2} is added to Cu/SiO{sub 2} resembles a composite of the spectra observed upon addition of the individual oxides, and hence, the enhanced rate of methanol synthesis is ascribed to the combined effects of ZrO{sub 2} and TiO{sub 2}.« less

Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States). Chemical Sciences Div.
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
354385
DOE Contract Number:  
AC03-76SF00098
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Catalysis
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 184; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: PBD: 15 May 1999
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
10 SYNTHETIC FUELS; CARBON DIOXIDE; METHANATION; HYDROGENATION; METHANOL; SYNTHESIS; COPPER; SILICON OXIDES; TITANIUM OXIDES; ZIRCONIUM OXIDES; CATALYTIC EFFECTS; PROMOTERS

Citation Formats

Schilke, T C, Fisher, I A, Bell, A T, and Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA. In situ infrared study of methanol synthesis from CO{sub 2}/H{sub 2} on titania and zirconia promoted Cu/SiO{sub 2}. United States: N. p., 1999. Web. doi:10.1006/jcat.1999.2434.
Schilke, T C, Fisher, I A, Bell, A T, & Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA. In situ infrared study of methanol synthesis from CO{sub 2}/H{sub 2} on titania and zirconia promoted Cu/SiO{sub 2}. United States. https://doi.org/10.1006/jcat.1999.2434
Schilke, T C, Fisher, I A, Bell, A T, and Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA. Sat . "In situ infrared study of methanol synthesis from CO{sub 2}/H{sub 2} on titania and zirconia promoted Cu/SiO{sub 2}". United States. https://doi.org/10.1006/jcat.1999.2434.
@article{osti_354385,
title = {In situ infrared study of methanol synthesis from CO{sub 2}/H{sub 2} on titania and zirconia promoted Cu/SiO{sub 2}},
author = {Schilke, T C and Fisher, I A and Bell, A T and Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA},
abstractNote = {In situ infrared studies of methanol synthesis from H{sub 2}/CO{sub 2} have been conducted over Cu/SiO{sub 2} promoted with ZrO{sub 2}, TiO{sub 2}, and a mixture of TiO{sub 2}/ZrO{sub 2}, with the aim of establishing the means by which the added oxide influences the activity of the catalyst for methanol synthesis. While ZrO{sub 2} and TiO{sub 2} individually enhance the methanol synthesis activity of Cu/SiO{sub 2}, a significantly greater enhancement is achieved by addition of both oxides simultaneously. In the absence of oxide addition, infrared spectra taken under reaction conditions suggest that methanol synthesis from CO{sub 2} takes place on the surface of Cu exclusively. When ZrO{sub 2} is added to the catalyst, there is strong evidence for methanol synthesis on the surface of both Cu and ZrO{sub 2}. Catalysis on the surface of ZrO{sub 2} occurs as a consequence of CO{sub 2} adsorption to form b-HCO{sub 3}-Zr, which then undergoes progressive hydrogenation to form methanol. The required atomic hydrogen is supplied from the surface of Cu particles by spillover. When TiO{sub 2} is added there is no evidence for catalysis occurring on the oxide surface, but strong evidence for an enhancement in the level of reaction occurring on the surface of Cu. The observed increase in the rate of methanol synthesis is attributed to a reconstruction of the Cu particles to expose the (100) surface, which have been demonstrated to be significantly more active than the (110) or (111) surfaces. The infrared spectra observed when a mixture of ZrO{sub 2} and TiO{sub 2} is added to Cu/SiO{sub 2} resembles a composite of the spectra observed upon addition of the individual oxides, and hence, the enhanced rate of methanol synthesis is ascribed to the combined effects of ZrO{sub 2} and TiO{sub 2}.},
doi = {10.1006/jcat.1999.2434},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/354385}, journal = {Journal of Catalysis},
number = 1,
volume = 184,
place = {United States},
year = {1999},
month = {5}
}