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Title: Apparatus and method for comparing corresponding acoustic resonances in liquids

Abstract

Apparatus and method are disclosed for comparing corresponding acoustic resonances in liquids. The present invention permits the measurement of certain characteristics of liquids which affect the speed of sound therein. For example, a direct correlation between the octane rating of gasoline and the speed of sound in a gasoline sample has been experimentally observed. Therefore, changes in the speed of sound therein can be utilized as a sensitive parameter for determining changes in composition of a liquid sample. The present apparatus establishes interference patterns inside of a liquid without requiring the use of very thin, rigorously parallel ceramic discs, but rather uses readily available piezoelectric transducers attached to the outside surface of the usual container for the liquid and located on the same side thereof in the vicinity of one another. That is, various receptacle geometries may be employed, and the driving and receiving transducers may be located on the same side of the receptacle. The cell may also be constructed of any material that is inert to the liquid under investigation. A single-transducer embodiment, where the same transducer provides the excitation to the sample container and receives signals impressed therein, is also described. 5 figs.

Inventors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
University of California
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
335440
Patent Number(s):
US 5,886,262/A/
Application Number:
PAN: 8-218,102
Assignee:
Univ. of California, Los Alamos, NM (United States)
DOE Contract Number:  
W-7405-ENG-36
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: 23 Mar 1999
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
40 CHEMISTRY; 02 PETROLEUM; LIQUIDS; SOUND WAVES; WAVE PROPAGATION; ACOUSTIC MEASUREMENTS; MEASURING INSTRUMENTS; GASOLINE; ANTIKNOCK RATINGS

Citation Formats

Sinha, D N. Apparatus and method for comparing corresponding acoustic resonances in liquids. United States: N. p., 1999. Web.
Sinha, D N. Apparatus and method for comparing corresponding acoustic resonances in liquids. United States.
Sinha, D N. Tue . "Apparatus and method for comparing corresponding acoustic resonances in liquids". United States.
@article{osti_335440,
title = {Apparatus and method for comparing corresponding acoustic resonances in liquids},
author = {Sinha, D N},
abstractNote = {Apparatus and method are disclosed for comparing corresponding acoustic resonances in liquids. The present invention permits the measurement of certain characteristics of liquids which affect the speed of sound therein. For example, a direct correlation between the octane rating of gasoline and the speed of sound in a gasoline sample has been experimentally observed. Therefore, changes in the speed of sound therein can be utilized as a sensitive parameter for determining changes in composition of a liquid sample. The present apparatus establishes interference patterns inside of a liquid without requiring the use of very thin, rigorously parallel ceramic discs, but rather uses readily available piezoelectric transducers attached to the outside surface of the usual container for the liquid and located on the same side thereof in the vicinity of one another. That is, various receptacle geometries may be employed, and the driving and receiving transducers may be located on the same side of the receptacle. The cell may also be constructed of any material that is inert to the liquid under investigation. A single-transducer embodiment, where the same transducer provides the excitation to the sample container and receives signals impressed therein, is also described. 5 figs.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1999},
month = {3}
}