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Title: Rubbery block copolymer electrolytes for solid-state rechargeable lithium batteries

Abstract

For nearly 20 years, poly(ethylene oxide)-based materials have been researched for use as electrolytes in solid-state rechargeable lithium batteries. Technical obstacles to commercialize derive from the inability to satisfy simultaneously the electrical and mechanical performance requirements: high ionic conductivity along with resistance to flow. Herein, the synthesis and characterization of a series of poly(lauryl methacrylate)-b-poly[oligo(oxyethylene) methacrylate]-based block copolymer electrolytes (BCEs) are reported. With both blocks in the rubbery state (i.e., having glass transition temperatures well below room temperature) these materials exhibit improved conductivities over those of glassy-rubbery block copolymer systems. Dynamic rheological testing verifies that these materials are dimensionally stable, whereas cyclic voltammetry shows them to be electrochemically stable over a wide potential window, i.e., up to 5 V at 55 C. A solid-state rechargeable lithium battery was constructed by laminating lithium metal, BCE, and a composite cathode composed of particles of LiAl{sub 0.25}Mn{sub 0.75}O{sub 2} (monoclinic), carbon black, and graphite in a BCE binder. Cycle testing showed the Li/BCE/LiAl{sub 0.25}Mn{sub 0.75}O{sub 2} battery to have a high reversible capacity and good capacity retention. Li/BCE/Al cells have been cycled at temperatures as low as {minus}20 C.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge, MA (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
321127
DOE Contract Number:  
AC07-94ID13223
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of the Electrochemical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 146; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: PBD: Jan 1999
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; METAL-NONMETAL BATTERIES; LITHIUM; SOLID ELECTROLYTES; COPOLYMERS; IONIC CONDUCTIVITY; PERFORMANCE; BATTERY CHARGING; VOLTAGE DROP

Citation Formats

Soo, P P, Huang, B, Jang, Y I, Chiang, Y M, Sadoway, D R, and Mayes, A M. Rubbery block copolymer electrolytes for solid-state rechargeable lithium batteries. United States: N. p., 1999. Web. doi:10.1149/1.1391560.
Soo, P P, Huang, B, Jang, Y I, Chiang, Y M, Sadoway, D R, & Mayes, A M. Rubbery block copolymer electrolytes for solid-state rechargeable lithium batteries. United States. doi:10.1149/1.1391560.
Soo, P P, Huang, B, Jang, Y I, Chiang, Y M, Sadoway, D R, and Mayes, A M. Fri . "Rubbery block copolymer electrolytes for solid-state rechargeable lithium batteries". United States. doi:10.1149/1.1391560.
@article{osti_321127,
title = {Rubbery block copolymer electrolytes for solid-state rechargeable lithium batteries},
author = {Soo, P P and Huang, B and Jang, Y I and Chiang, Y M and Sadoway, D R and Mayes, A M},
abstractNote = {For nearly 20 years, poly(ethylene oxide)-based materials have been researched for use as electrolytes in solid-state rechargeable lithium batteries. Technical obstacles to commercialize derive from the inability to satisfy simultaneously the electrical and mechanical performance requirements: high ionic conductivity along with resistance to flow. Herein, the synthesis and characterization of a series of poly(lauryl methacrylate)-b-poly[oligo(oxyethylene) methacrylate]-based block copolymer electrolytes (BCEs) are reported. With both blocks in the rubbery state (i.e., having glass transition temperatures well below room temperature) these materials exhibit improved conductivities over those of glassy-rubbery block copolymer systems. Dynamic rheological testing verifies that these materials are dimensionally stable, whereas cyclic voltammetry shows them to be electrochemically stable over a wide potential window, i.e., up to 5 V at 55 C. A solid-state rechargeable lithium battery was constructed by laminating lithium metal, BCE, and a composite cathode composed of particles of LiAl{sub 0.25}Mn{sub 0.75}O{sub 2} (monoclinic), carbon black, and graphite in a BCE binder. Cycle testing showed the Li/BCE/LiAl{sub 0.25}Mn{sub 0.75}O{sub 2} battery to have a high reversible capacity and good capacity retention. Li/BCE/Al cells have been cycled at temperatures as low as {minus}20 C.},
doi = {10.1149/1.1391560},
journal = {Journal of the Electrochemical Society},
number = 1,
volume = 146,
place = {United States},
year = {1999},
month = {1}
}