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Title: Potential radiological doses associated with the disposal of petroleum industry NORM via landspreading. Final report, September 1998

Abstract

As a result of oil and gas production and processing operations, naturally occurring radioactive materials (NORM) sometimes accumulate at elevated concentrations in by-product waste streams. The primary radionuclides of concern in NORM wastes are radium-226 of the uranium-238 decay series, and radium-228, of the thorium-232 decay series. The production waste streams most likely to be contaminated by elevated radium concentrations include produced water, scale, and sludge. Scales and sludges removed from production equipment often are disposed of by landspreading, a method in which wastes are spread over the soil surface to allow the hydrocarbon component of the wastes to degrade. In this study, the disposal of NORM-contaminated wastes by landspreading was modeled to evaluate potential radiological doses and resultant health risks to workers and the general public. A variety of future land use scenarios--including residential, industrial, recreational, and agricultural scenarios--were considered. The waste streams considered included scales and sludges containing NORM above background levels. The objectives of this study were to (1) estimate potential radiological doses to workers and the general public resulting from the disposal of NORM wastes by noncommercial landspreading activities and (2) analyze the effect of different land use scenarios on potential doses.

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab., Lakewood, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy, Washington, DC (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
307848
Report Number(s):
DOE/BC/W-31-109-ENG-38-5
ON: DE98000550; TRN: 99:003191
DOE Contract Number:  
W-31109-ENG-38
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: Dec 1998
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
02 PETROLEUM; 56 BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE, APPLIED STUDIES; PROGRESS REPORT; PETROLEUM INDUSTRY; RADIOACTIVE WASTE DISPOSAL; NATURAL RADIOACTIVITY; RADIUM ISOTOPES; URANIUM ISOTOPES; THORIUM ISOTOPES; GROUND DISPOSAL; RADIATION DOSES; LAND USE

Citation Formats

Smith, K P, Blunt, D L, and Arnish, J J. Potential radiological doses associated with the disposal of petroleum industry NORM via landspreading. Final report, September 1998. United States: N. p., 1998. Web. doi:10.2172/307848.
Smith, K P, Blunt, D L, & Arnish, J J. Potential radiological doses associated with the disposal of petroleum industry NORM via landspreading. Final report, September 1998. United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/307848
Smith, K P, Blunt, D L, and Arnish, J J. Tue . "Potential radiological doses associated with the disposal of petroleum industry NORM via landspreading. Final report, September 1998". United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/307848. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/307848.
@article{osti_307848,
title = {Potential radiological doses associated with the disposal of petroleum industry NORM via landspreading. Final report, September 1998},
author = {Smith, K P and Blunt, D L and Arnish, J J},
abstractNote = {As a result of oil and gas production and processing operations, naturally occurring radioactive materials (NORM) sometimes accumulate at elevated concentrations in by-product waste streams. The primary radionuclides of concern in NORM wastes are radium-226 of the uranium-238 decay series, and radium-228, of the thorium-232 decay series. The production waste streams most likely to be contaminated by elevated radium concentrations include produced water, scale, and sludge. Scales and sludges removed from production equipment often are disposed of by landspreading, a method in which wastes are spread over the soil surface to allow the hydrocarbon component of the wastes to degrade. In this study, the disposal of NORM-contaminated wastes by landspreading was modeled to evaluate potential radiological doses and resultant health risks to workers and the general public. A variety of future land use scenarios--including residential, industrial, recreational, and agricultural scenarios--were considered. The waste streams considered included scales and sludges containing NORM above background levels. The objectives of this study were to (1) estimate potential radiological doses to workers and the general public resulting from the disposal of NORM wastes by noncommercial landspreading activities and (2) analyze the effect of different land use scenarios on potential doses.},
doi = {10.2172/307848},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/307848}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1998},
month = {12}
}