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Title: Hydrogen transmission/storage with a metal hydride/organic slurry

Abstract

Thermo Power Corporation has developed a new approach for the production, transmission, and storage of hydrogen. In this approach, a chemical hydride slurry is used as the hydrogen carrier and storage media. The slurry protects the hydride from unanticipated contact with moisture in the air and makes the hydride pumpable. At the point of storage and use, a chemical hydride/water reaction is used to produce high-purity hydrogen. An essential feature of this approach is the recovery and recycle of the spent hydride at centralized processing plants, resulting in an overall low cost for hydrogen. This approach has two clear benefits: it greatly improves energy transmission and storage characteristics of hydrogen as a fuel, and it produces the hydrogen carrier efficiently and economically from a low cost carbon source. The preliminary economic analysis of the process indicates that hydrogen can be produced for $3.85 per million Btu based on a carbon cost of $1.42 per million Btu and a plant sized to serve a million cars per day. This compares to current costs of approximately $9.00 per million Btu to produce hydrogen from $3.00 per million Btu natural gas, and $25 per million Btu to produce hydrogen by electrolysis from $0.05more » per Kwh electricity. The present standard for production of hydrogen from renewable energy is photovoltaic-electrolysis at $100 to $150 per million Btu.« less

Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. Thermo Power Corp., Waltham, MA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
305615
Report Number(s):
NREL/CP-570-25315-Vol.2; CONF-980440-Vol.2
ON: DE98007508; TRN: IM9906%%295
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: US DOE hydrogen program technical review meeting, Alexandria, VA (United States), 28-30 Apr 1998; Other Information: PBD: Aug 1998; Related Information: Is Part Of Proceedings of the 1998 U.S. DOE Hydrogen Program Review: Volume 2; PB: 390 p.
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
08 HYDROGEN FUEL; HYDROGEN STORAGE; HYDRIDES; HYDRAULIC TRANSPORT; HYDROGEN PRODUCTION; ELECTROLYSIS; PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER SUPPLIES; ECONOMIC ANALYSIS; CALCIUM HYDRIDES; LITHIUM HYDRIDES; ORGANIC SOLVENTS

Citation Formats

Breault, R W, Rolfe, J, and McClaine, A. Hydrogen transmission/storage with a metal hydride/organic slurry. United States: N. p., 1998. Web.
Breault, R W, Rolfe, J, & McClaine, A. Hydrogen transmission/storage with a metal hydride/organic slurry. United States.
Breault, R W, Rolfe, J, and McClaine, A. Sat . "Hydrogen transmission/storage with a metal hydride/organic slurry". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/305615.
@article{osti_305615,
title = {Hydrogen transmission/storage with a metal hydride/organic slurry},
author = {Breault, R W and Rolfe, J and McClaine, A},
abstractNote = {Thermo Power Corporation has developed a new approach for the production, transmission, and storage of hydrogen. In this approach, a chemical hydride slurry is used as the hydrogen carrier and storage media. The slurry protects the hydride from unanticipated contact with moisture in the air and makes the hydride pumpable. At the point of storage and use, a chemical hydride/water reaction is used to produce high-purity hydrogen. An essential feature of this approach is the recovery and recycle of the spent hydride at centralized processing plants, resulting in an overall low cost for hydrogen. This approach has two clear benefits: it greatly improves energy transmission and storage characteristics of hydrogen as a fuel, and it produces the hydrogen carrier efficiently and economically from a low cost carbon source. The preliminary economic analysis of the process indicates that hydrogen can be produced for $3.85 per million Btu based on a carbon cost of $1.42 per million Btu and a plant sized to serve a million cars per day. This compares to current costs of approximately $9.00 per million Btu to produce hydrogen from $3.00 per million Btu natural gas, and $25 per million Btu to produce hydrogen by electrolysis from $0.05 per Kwh electricity. The present standard for production of hydrogen from renewable energy is photovoltaic-electrolysis at $100 to $150 per million Btu.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1998},
month = {8}
}

Conference:
Other availability
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