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Title: Simple catalytic cell for restoring He leak detector sensitivity on vacuum systems with high D{sub 2} backgrounds

Abstract

The DIII-D National Fusion Facility at General Atomics focuses on plasma physics and fusion energy science. The DIII-D tokamak is a 35 m{sup 3} toroidal vacuum vessel with over 200 ports for diagnostic instrumentation, cryogenics, microwave heating, and four large neutral beam injectors. Maintaining vacuum in the 10{sup {minus}8} Torr range is crucial for producing high performance plasma discharges. He leak checking the DIII-D tokamak and the neutral beamlines has historically been difficult. D{sub 2} is used as the fuel gas in most plasma discharges and neutral beams. After plasma operations, D{sub 2} out-gassing from the torus walls and internal beamline components can exceed 10{sup {minus}4} std cc/s. The mass of the D{sub 2} molecule (4.028 u) is indistinguishable from that of the He atom (4.003 u) to a standard mass spectrometer leak detector. High levels of D{sub 2} reduce leak detector sensitivity and effectively mask the He trace gas signal rendering normal leak checking techniques ineffective. A simple apparatus was developed at GA to address these problems. It consists of a palladium based catalyst cell and associated valves and piping placed in series with the leak detector. This reduces the D{sub 2} throughput by a factor greater than 10,000,more » restoring leak detector sensitivity. This paper will briefly discuss the development of the cell, the physical processes involved, the tests performed to quantify and optimize the processes, and the operational results at DIII-D.« less

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Research, Washington, DC (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
291187
Report Number(s):
GA-A22965; CONF-981126-
ON: DE99001203; BR: 35AT10020;35AT15040; TRN: 99:002443
DOE Contract Number:  
AC03-89ER51114
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: 45. annual American Vacuum Society symposium and topical conference, Baltimore, MD (United States), 2-6 Nov 1998; Other Information: PBD: Dec 1998
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION; DOUBLET-3 DEVICE; VACUUM SYSTEMS; LEAK TESTING; DEUTERIUM; DEGASSING; LEAK DETECTORS; HELIUM; SENSITIVITY; DESIGN

Citation Formats

Busath, J., and Chiu, H.K. Simple catalytic cell for restoring He leak detector sensitivity on vacuum systems with high D{sub 2} backgrounds. United States: N. p., 1998. Web.
Busath, J., & Chiu, H.K. Simple catalytic cell for restoring He leak detector sensitivity on vacuum systems with high D{sub 2} backgrounds. United States.
Busath, J., and Chiu, H.K. Tue . "Simple catalytic cell for restoring He leak detector sensitivity on vacuum systems with high D{sub 2} backgrounds". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/291187.
@article{osti_291187,
title = {Simple catalytic cell for restoring He leak detector sensitivity on vacuum systems with high D{sub 2} backgrounds},
author = {Busath, J. and Chiu, H.K.},
abstractNote = {The DIII-D National Fusion Facility at General Atomics focuses on plasma physics and fusion energy science. The DIII-D tokamak is a 35 m{sup 3} toroidal vacuum vessel with over 200 ports for diagnostic instrumentation, cryogenics, microwave heating, and four large neutral beam injectors. Maintaining vacuum in the 10{sup {minus}8} Torr range is crucial for producing high performance plasma discharges. He leak checking the DIII-D tokamak and the neutral beamlines has historically been difficult. D{sub 2} is used as the fuel gas in most plasma discharges and neutral beams. After plasma operations, D{sub 2} out-gassing from the torus walls and internal beamline components can exceed 10{sup {minus}4} std cc/s. The mass of the D{sub 2} molecule (4.028 u) is indistinguishable from that of the He atom (4.003 u) to a standard mass spectrometer leak detector. High levels of D{sub 2} reduce leak detector sensitivity and effectively mask the He trace gas signal rendering normal leak checking techniques ineffective. A simple apparatus was developed at GA to address these problems. It consists of a palladium based catalyst cell and associated valves and piping placed in series with the leak detector. This reduces the D{sub 2} throughput by a factor greater than 10,000, restoring leak detector sensitivity. This paper will briefly discuss the development of the cell, the physical processes involved, the tests performed to quantify and optimize the processes, and the operational results at DIII-D.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1998},
month = {12}
}

Conference:
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