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Title: Laboratory measurements of materials in extreme conditions; The use of high energy radiation sources for high pressure studies

Abstract

High energy lasers can be used to study material conditions that are appropriate fort inertial confinement fusion: that is, materials at high densities, temperatures, and pressures. Pulsed power devices can offer similar opportunities. The National Ignition Facility (NIF) will be a high energy multi-beam laser designed to achieve the thermonuclear ignition of a mm-scale DT-filled target in the laboratory. At the same time, NE will provide the physics community with a unique tool for the study of high energy density matter at states unreachable by any other laboratory technique. Here we describe how these lasers and pulsed power tools can contribute to investigations of high energy density matter in the areas of material properties and equations of state, extend present laboratory shock techniques such as high-speed jets to new regimes, and allow study of extreme conditions found in astrophysical phenomena.

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Defense Programs (DP) (US)
OSTI Identifier:
2857
Report Number(s):
UCRL-JC-131079; DP0102012
Journal ID: ISSN 0734-743X; DP0102012; TRN: US0101377
DOE Contract Number:  
W-7405-ENG-48
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Journal Volume: 23; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: Hypervelocity Impact Symposium, Huntsville, AL (US), 11/16/1998--11/19/1998; Other Information: PBD: 1 Jun 1998
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; 75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; ENERGY DENSITY; EQUATIONS OF STATE; INERTIAL CONFINEMENT; LASERS; TARGETS; THERMONUCLEAR IGNITION; US NATIONAL IGNITION FACILITY; MATERIALS TESTING; ASTROPHYSICS; USES

Citation Formats

Cauble, R, and Remington, B A. Laboratory measurements of materials in extreme conditions; The use of high energy radiation sources for high pressure studies. United States: N. p., 1998. Web. doi:10.1016/S0734-743X(99)00065-2.
Cauble, R, & Remington, B A. Laboratory measurements of materials in extreme conditions; The use of high energy radiation sources for high pressure studies. United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0734-743X(99)00065-2
Cauble, R, and Remington, B A. 1998. "Laboratory measurements of materials in extreme conditions; The use of high energy radiation sources for high pressure studies". United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0734-743X(99)00065-2. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/2857.
@article{osti_2857,
title = {Laboratory measurements of materials in extreme conditions; The use of high energy radiation sources for high pressure studies},
author = {Cauble, R and Remington, B A},
abstractNote = {High energy lasers can be used to study material conditions that are appropriate fort inertial confinement fusion: that is, materials at high densities, temperatures, and pressures. Pulsed power devices can offer similar opportunities. The National Ignition Facility (NIF) will be a high energy multi-beam laser designed to achieve the thermonuclear ignition of a mm-scale DT-filled target in the laboratory. At the same time, NE will provide the physics community with a unique tool for the study of high energy density matter at states unreachable by any other laboratory technique. Here we describe how these lasers and pulsed power tools can contribute to investigations of high energy density matter in the areas of material properties and equations of state, extend present laboratory shock techniques such as high-speed jets to new regimes, and allow study of extreme conditions found in astrophysical phenomena.},
doi = {10.1016/S0734-743X(99)00065-2},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/2857}, journal = {},
issn = {0734-743X},
number = 1,
volume = 23,
place = {United States},
year = {1998},
month = {6}
}

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Works referenced in this record:

Direct‐drive laser‐fusion experiments with the OMEGA, 60‐beam, >40 kJ, ultraviolet laser system
journal, May 1996


Lasers in High Pressure Shock Wave Research
journal, January 1993


Shock-wave experiments at threefold compression
journal, March 1984


Experimental evidence of the generation of multi-hundred megabar pressures in 0.26 μm wavelength laser experiments
journal, August 1986


Measurement of Feedthrough and Instability Growth in Radiation-Driven Cylindrical Implosions
journal, May 1997


Hydrodynamic instabilities in supernova remnants: Early radiative cooling
journal, May 1995