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Title: Environmental Research Program. 1994 annual report

Abstract

The objective of the Environmental Research Program is to enhance the understanding of, and mitigate the effects of pollutants on health, ecological systems, global and regional climate, and air quality. The program is multi-disciplinary and includes fundamental research and development in efficient and environmentally-benign combustion, pollutant abatement and destruction, and novel methods of detection and analysis of criteria and non-criteria pollutants. This diverse group conducts investigations in combustion, atmospheric and marine processes, flue-gas chemistry, and ecological systems.

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE, Washington, DC (United States); Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); California Inst. for Energy Efficiency, Berkeley, CA (United States); Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, DC (United States); Office of Naval Research, Washington, DC (United States); California Univ., Berkeley, CA (United States); Department of Defense, Washington, DC (United States); Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC (United States); National Inst. of Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
272558
Report Number(s):
LBL-36550
ON: DE96013161; CNN: Grant LDRD-94-LW-105;Grant RT0240; TRN: 96:004603
DOE Contract Number:
AC03-76SF00098
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: Apr 1995
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
29 ENERGY PLANNING AND POLICY; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 40 CHEMISTRY; AIR POLLUTION; RESEARCH PROGRAMS; COMBUSTION; AEROSOLS; OPTICAL PROPERTIES; ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY; ORGANIC CHLORINE COMPOUNDS; FLUE GAS; CARBON DIOXIDE; SULFUR DIOXIDE; NITRIC OXIDE; CARBON SINKS; CLOUDS; OZONE; SEAWATER; FLAMES

Citation Formats

Brown, N.J. Environmental Research Program. 1994 annual report. United States: N. p., 1995. Web. doi:10.2172/272558.
Brown, N.J. Environmental Research Program. 1994 annual report. United States. doi:10.2172/272558.
Brown, N.J. 1995. "Environmental Research Program. 1994 annual report". United States. doi:10.2172/272558. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/272558.
@article{osti_272558,
title = {Environmental Research Program. 1994 annual report},
author = {Brown, N.J.},
abstractNote = {The objective of the Environmental Research Program is to enhance the understanding of, and mitigate the effects of pollutants on health, ecological systems, global and regional climate, and air quality. The program is multi-disciplinary and includes fundamental research and development in efficient and environmentally-benign combustion, pollutant abatement and destruction, and novel methods of detection and analysis of criteria and non-criteria pollutants. This diverse group conducts investigations in combustion, atmospheric and marine processes, flue-gas chemistry, and ecological systems.},
doi = {10.2172/272558},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = 1995,
month = 4
}

Technical Report:

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  • This Annual Technical Report describes work conducted for the Department of Energy, Idaho Operations Office, by the Environmental Science and Research Foundation (Foundation) for work under contract DE-AC07-94ID13268. The Foundation began, on April 11, 1994, to conduct environmental surveillance near to and distant from the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, provide environmental public relations and education related to INEL natural resource issues, and conduct ecological and radioecological research benefiting major DOE-ID programs including Waste Management, Environmental Restoration, Spent Nuclear Fuels, and Infrastructure.
  • This proposal requests funds to further involve graduate students in environmental research sponsored by the United States Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR). The participants will learn to utilize a combination of laboratory and field approaches to identifying physical, chemical, genetic, and physiological influences that govern the accumulation and biodegradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). These and related compounds are among the chemicals whose environmental fate is of concern to the U.S. Air Force and other Department of Defense agencies. The Principal Investigator and colleagues have conducted a prior, independent study that has shown that, despite the presence ofmore » PAH metabolizing microorganisms, PAHs persist at a site where freshwater sediments are fed by PAH-contaminated groundwater. Hypotheses to be tested address fundamental mechanisms for the persistence of environmental pollutants, these include: the rate of delivery meets or exceeds the rate of biodegradation; the PAHs are not available to microbial populations due to rapid, short term sorption onto the sediment organic matter, or due to long term (aging) sorption into a spatially remote compartment of the microporous structure of sediment organic matter, or due to complexation reactions with dissolved organic carbon, or due to the physical arrangement of the sediment matrix which prevents contact between PAHs and microorganisms.« less
  • Summaries of progress on the following tasks are presented: Mixed waste treatment; Hot water extraction of nonpolar organic pollutant from soils; Aqueous phase thermal oxidation wastewater treatment; Review of results from comprehensive characterization of air toxic emissions from coal-fired power plants; Air toxic fine particulate control; Effectiveness of sorbents for trace elements; Catalyst for utilization of methane in selective catalytic reduction of NOx; Fuel utilization properties; Hot gas cleaning; PFBC; catalytic tar cracking; sulfur forms in coal; resid and bitumen desulfurization; biodesulfurization; diesel fuel desulfurization; stability issues; Sorbent carbon development; Evaluation of carbon products; Stable and supercritical chars; Briquette binders;more » Carbon molecular sieves; Coal char fuel evaporation canister sorbent; Development of a coal by-product classification protocol for utilization; Use of coal ash in recycled plastics and composite materials; Corrosion of advanced structural materials; Joining of advanced structural materials; Resource data evaluation; and the Usti and Labem (Czech Republic) coal-upgrading program.« less
  • The purpose of the summer undergraduate internship program for research in environmental studies is to provide an opportunity for well-qualified students to undertake an original research project as an apprentice to an active research scientist in basic environmental research. Ten students from throughout the midwestern and eastern areas of the country were accepted into the program. These students selected projects in the areas of marine sciences, biostatistics and epidemiology, and toxicology. The research experience for all these students and their mentors was very positive. The seminars were well attended and the students showed their interest in the presentations and environmentalmore » sciences as a whole by presenting the speakers with thoughtful and intuitive questions. This report contains the research project written presentations prepared by the student interns.« less
  • This report describes activities and reports on progress for the third year of the DOE grant to support the Environmental Hazards Assessment Program (EHAP). It reports progress against grant objectives and the Program Implementation Plan published at the end of the first year of the grant. As the program has evolved, more projects have been funded and many existing projects have become more complex. Thus, to accomplish better the objectives over the years and retain a solid focus on the total mission, we have reorganized the grant effort from three to five majoe elements: Public and professional outreach; Clinical programs;more » Science programs; Information systems; and, Program management.« less