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Title: Toughened epoxy polymers: Fatigue crack propagation mechanisms. Ph.D. Thesis

Abstract

This study examines several mechanisms by which the fatigue crack propagation (FCP) resistance of shear-yielding thermoset polymers can be improved. Specifically, this research has four objectives as follows: first, to develop a mechanistic understanding of the FCP behavior of rubber-modified thermoset polymers; second, to understand the effect of strength and shape of the inorganic fillers on the FCP resistance and micromechanisms in filled epoxy polymers; third, to elucidate the nature of the interactions among the crack-tip shielding mechanisms in thermoset polymers subjected to cyclic loading and synergistically toughened with both rubber and inorganic particles (i.e., hybrid composites); fourth, to study the role of interfaces on the synergistic interactions in FCP behavior of hybrid composites. The model - matrix material consists of a diglycidyl ether of bisphenol A (DGEBA) based type epoxy cured with piperidine. Parallel to the first objective, the epoxy matrix was modified with rubber while changing volume fraction, type, and size of the rubber particles. To accomplish the second goal, the epoxy polymers were modified by a total 10 volume percent of either one of the following three types of inorganic modifiers: hollow glass spheres (HGS); solid glass spheres (SGS); and short glass fibers (SGF). The third goalmore » was met by processing three different systems of hybrid epoxy composites modified by (1) CTBN rubber and HGS, (2) CTBN rubber and SGS, and (3) CTBN rubber and SGF. The total volume fraction of the two modifiers in each hybrid system was kept constant at 10 percent while systematically changing their ratio. To meet the fourth objective, the surface properties of the SGS particles in the hybrid system were altered using adhesion promoter. A mechanistic understanding of the FCP behavior of rubber-modified epoxies was achieved by relating fractographs to observed FCP behavior.« less

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lehigh Univ., Bethlehem, PA (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
236782
Report Number(s):
N-96-21546; NIPS-96-34634
TRN: 9621546
Resource Type:
Thesis/Dissertation
Resource Relation:
Other Information: TH: Ph.D. Thesis; PBD: Jan 1994
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; POLYMERS; CRACK PROPAGATION; FATIGUE; EPOXIDES; FILLERS; FRACTOGRAPHY; GLASS; MATRIX MATERIALS; PLASTICITY; SPHERES; SURFACE PROPERTIES

Citation Formats

Azimi, H.R. Toughened epoxy polymers: Fatigue crack propagation mechanisms. Ph.D. Thesis. United States: N. p., 1994. Web.
Azimi, H.R. Toughened epoxy polymers: Fatigue crack propagation mechanisms. Ph.D. Thesis. United States.
Azimi, H.R. Sat . "Toughened epoxy polymers: Fatigue crack propagation mechanisms. Ph.D. Thesis". United States.
@article{osti_236782,
title = {Toughened epoxy polymers: Fatigue crack propagation mechanisms. Ph.D. Thesis},
author = {Azimi, H.R.},
abstractNote = {This study examines several mechanisms by which the fatigue crack propagation (FCP) resistance of shear-yielding thermoset polymers can be improved. Specifically, this research has four objectives as follows: first, to develop a mechanistic understanding of the FCP behavior of rubber-modified thermoset polymers; second, to understand the effect of strength and shape of the inorganic fillers on the FCP resistance and micromechanisms in filled epoxy polymers; third, to elucidate the nature of the interactions among the crack-tip shielding mechanisms in thermoset polymers subjected to cyclic loading and synergistically toughened with both rubber and inorganic particles (i.e., hybrid composites); fourth, to study the role of interfaces on the synergistic interactions in FCP behavior of hybrid composites. The model - matrix material consists of a diglycidyl ether of bisphenol A (DGEBA) based type epoxy cured with piperidine. Parallel to the first objective, the epoxy matrix was modified with rubber while changing volume fraction, type, and size of the rubber particles. To accomplish the second goal, the epoxy polymers were modified by a total 10 volume percent of either one of the following three types of inorganic modifiers: hollow glass spheres (HGS); solid glass spheres (SGS); and short glass fibers (SGF). The third goal was met by processing three different systems of hybrid epoxy composites modified by (1) CTBN rubber and HGS, (2) CTBN rubber and SGS, and (3) CTBN rubber and SGF. The total volume fraction of the two modifiers in each hybrid system was kept constant at 10 percent while systematically changing their ratio. To meet the fourth objective, the surface properties of the SGS particles in the hybrid system were altered using adhesion promoter. A mechanistic understanding of the FCP behavior of rubber-modified epoxies was achieved by relating fractographs to observed FCP behavior.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1994},
month = {1}
}

Thesis/Dissertation:
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