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Title: Explosives remain preferred methods for platform abandonment

Abstract

Economics and safety concerns indicate that methods involving explosives remain the most practical and cost-effective means for abandoning oil and gas structures in the Gulf of Mexico. A decade has passed since 51 dead sea turtles, many endangered Kemp`s Ridleys, washed ashore on the Texas coast shortly after explosives helped remove several offshore platforms. Although no relationship between the explosions and the dead turtles was ever established, in response to widespread public concern, the US Minerals Management Service (MMS) and National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) implemented regulations limiting the size and timing of explosive charges. Also, more importantly, they required that operators pay for observers to survey waters surrounding platforms scheduled for removal for 48 hr before any detonations. If observers spot sea turtles or marine mammals within the danger zone, the platform abandonment is delayed until the turtles leave or are removed. However, concern about the effects of explosives on marine life remains.

Authors:
;  [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA (United States)
  2. Kiesler (James E.), Morgan City, LA (United States)
  3. Chevron Petroleum Technology Co., Houston, TX (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
233996
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Oil and Gas Journal; Journal Volume: 94; Journal Issue: 19; Other Information: PBD: 6 May 1996
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
02 PETROLEUM; 03 NATURAL GAS; GULF OF MEXICO; OFFSHORE PLATFORMS; DECOMMISSIONING; REMOVAL; UNDERWATER EXPLOSIONS; BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS; COST BENEFIT ANALYSIS; ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS

Citation Formats

Pulsipher, A., Daniel, W. IV, Kiesler, J.E., and Mackey, V. III. Explosives remain preferred methods for platform abandonment. United States: N. p., 1996. Web.
Pulsipher, A., Daniel, W. IV, Kiesler, J.E., & Mackey, V. III. Explosives remain preferred methods for platform abandonment. United States.
Pulsipher, A., Daniel, W. IV, Kiesler, J.E., and Mackey, V. III. Mon . "Explosives remain preferred methods for platform abandonment". United States.
@article{osti_233996,
title = {Explosives remain preferred methods for platform abandonment},
author = {Pulsipher, A. and Daniel, W. IV and Kiesler, J.E. and Mackey, V. III},
abstractNote = {Economics and safety concerns indicate that methods involving explosives remain the most practical and cost-effective means for abandoning oil and gas structures in the Gulf of Mexico. A decade has passed since 51 dead sea turtles, many endangered Kemp`s Ridleys, washed ashore on the Texas coast shortly after explosives helped remove several offshore platforms. Although no relationship between the explosions and the dead turtles was ever established, in response to widespread public concern, the US Minerals Management Service (MMS) and National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) implemented regulations limiting the size and timing of explosive charges. Also, more importantly, they required that operators pay for observers to survey waters surrounding platforms scheduled for removal for 48 hr before any detonations. If observers spot sea turtles or marine mammals within the danger zone, the platform abandonment is delayed until the turtles leave or are removed. However, concern about the effects of explosives on marine life remains.},
doi = {},
journal = {Oil and Gas Journal},
number = 19,
volume = 94,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon May 06 00:00:00 EDT 1996},
month = {Mon May 06 00:00:00 EDT 1996}
}