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Title: Seasonal variability of oxygen and hydrogen isotopes in a wetland system of the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau, southwest China: a quantitative assessment of groundwater inflow fluxes

Abstract

The Caohai Wetland serves as an important ecosystem on the Yunnan–Guizhou Plateau and as a nationally important nature reserve for migratory birds in China. In this study, surface water, groundwater and wetland water were collected for the measurement of environmental isotopes to reveal the seasonal variability of oxygen and hydrogen isotopes (δ{sup 18}O, δD), sources of water, and groundwater inflow fluxes. Results showed that surface water and groundwater are of meteoric origin. The isotopes in samples of wetland water were well mixed vertically in seasons of both high-flow (September) and low-flow (April); however, marked seasonal and spatial variations were observed. During the high-flow season, the isotopic composition in surface wetland water varied from −97.13 to −41.73‰ for δD and from −13.17 to −4.70‰ for δ{sup 18}O. The composition of stable isotopes in the eastern region of this wetland was lower than in the western region. These may have been influenced by uneven evaporation caused by the distribution of aquatic vegetation. During the low-flow season, δD and δ{sup 18}O in the more open water with dead aquatic vegetation ranged from −37.11 to −11.77‰, and from −4.25 to −0.08‰, respectively. This may result from high evaporation rates in this season with themore » lowest atmospheric humidity. Groundwater fluxes were calculated by mass transfer and isotope mass balance approaches, suggesting that the water sources of the Caohai Wetland were mainly from groundwater in the high-flow season, while the groundwater has a smaller contribution to wetland water during the low-flow season.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. Guizhou University, College of Resource and Environmental Engineering (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22780893
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Hydrogeology Journal
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 26; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2018 Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature; Article Copyright (c) 2017 Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 1431-2174
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 58 GEOSCIENCES; BIRDS; CHINA; EVAPORATION; GROUND WATER; HUMIDITY; HYDROGEN ISOTOPES; ISOTOPE RATIO; MASS BALANCE; MASS TRANSFER; NATURE RESERVES; OXYGEN; OXYGEN 18; PLANTS; SEASONS; WETLANDS

Citation Formats

Cao, Xingxing, Wu, Pan, Zhou, Shaoqi, Han, Zhiwei, Tu, Han, and Zhang, Shui. Seasonal variability of oxygen and hydrogen isotopes in a wetland system of the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau, southwest China: a quantitative assessment of groundwater inflow fluxes. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1007/S10040-017-1635-8.
Cao, Xingxing, Wu, Pan, Zhou, Shaoqi, Han, Zhiwei, Tu, Han, & Zhang, Shui. Seasonal variability of oxygen and hydrogen isotopes in a wetland system of the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau, southwest China: a quantitative assessment of groundwater inflow fluxes. United States. doi:10.1007/S10040-017-1635-8.
Cao, Xingxing, Wu, Pan, Zhou, Shaoqi, Han, Zhiwei, Tu, Han, and Zhang, Shui. Thu . "Seasonal variability of oxygen and hydrogen isotopes in a wetland system of the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau, southwest China: a quantitative assessment of groundwater inflow fluxes". United States. doi:10.1007/S10040-017-1635-8.
@article{osti_22780893,
title = {Seasonal variability of oxygen and hydrogen isotopes in a wetland system of the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau, southwest China: a quantitative assessment of groundwater inflow fluxes},
author = {Cao, Xingxing and Wu, Pan and Zhou, Shaoqi and Han, Zhiwei and Tu, Han and Zhang, Shui},
abstractNote = {The Caohai Wetland serves as an important ecosystem on the Yunnan–Guizhou Plateau and as a nationally important nature reserve for migratory birds in China. In this study, surface water, groundwater and wetland water were collected for the measurement of environmental isotopes to reveal the seasonal variability of oxygen and hydrogen isotopes (δ{sup 18}O, δD), sources of water, and groundwater inflow fluxes. Results showed that surface water and groundwater are of meteoric origin. The isotopes in samples of wetland water were well mixed vertically in seasons of both high-flow (September) and low-flow (April); however, marked seasonal and spatial variations were observed. During the high-flow season, the isotopic composition in surface wetland water varied from −97.13 to −41.73‰ for δD and from −13.17 to −4.70‰ for δ{sup 18}O. The composition of stable isotopes in the eastern region of this wetland was lower than in the western region. These may have been influenced by uneven evaporation caused by the distribution of aquatic vegetation. During the low-flow season, δD and δ{sup 18}O in the more open water with dead aquatic vegetation ranged from −37.11 to −11.77‰, and from −4.25 to −0.08‰, respectively. This may result from high evaporation rates in this season with the lowest atmospheric humidity. Groundwater fluxes were calculated by mass transfer and isotope mass balance approaches, suggesting that the water sources of the Caohai Wetland were mainly from groundwater in the high-flow season, while the groundwater has a smaller contribution to wetland water during the low-flow season.},
doi = {10.1007/S10040-017-1635-8},
journal = {Hydrogeology Journal},
issn = {1431-2174},
number = 1,
volume = 26,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {2}
}