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Title: Ni Nanoparticle-Added Ni{sub x}/(Cu{sub 0.5}Tl{sub 0.5})Ba{sub 2}Ca{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 10-δ} Superconductor Composites and Their Enhanced Flux Pinning Characteristics

Abstract

Ni nanoparticle-added Ni{sub x}/(Cu{sub 0.5}Tl{sub 0.5})Ba{sub 2}Ca{sub 2} Cu{sub 3}O{sub 10-δ} superconductor composites are synthesized at normal pressure by two-step solid-state reaction method. The idea for adding ferromagnetic nanoparticles was to create artificial pinning centers at grain boundaries. The samples have shown orthorhombic crystal structure in which the cell parameters increase with an increase in the added concentration of Ni nanoparticles. This shows that due to the higher reactivity, Ni nanoparticles partially diffuse into the unit cell of (Cu{sub 0.5}Tl{sub 0.5})Ba{sub 2}Ca{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 10-δ} superconductors. This also indicates as an evidence of the occupancy of these nanoparticles at grain boundaries. A metallic variation of resistivity from room temperature down to the onset of superconductivity is a typical feature of these samples with T{sub c}(R = 0) varying between 92 and 94 K. The magnitude of diamagnetism is significantly enhanced in 7 and 10% nanoparticle-added samples. The enhanced magnetization of ferromagnetic nanoparticles at reduced temperature plays a vital role in reducing the diamagnetism of nanosuperconductor composites. The softening of apical oxygen modes of type Cu(1)–O{sub A}–Cu(2) has confirmed the diffusion of Ni nanoparticles into the unit cell of the final compound. The excess conductivity analyses of conductivity data have shownmore » that the values of B{sub c}(0), B{sub c1}, and J{sub c} are enhanced with the addition of Ni nanoparticles in the final compound. Variation of superconducting properties was attributed to pair breaking due to spin scattering across these ferromagnetic Ni nanoparticles. This shows that added Ni nanoparticles act as efficient pinning centers, which is also confirmed by the suppression of the London penetration depth.« less

Authors:
; ;  [1];  [2]
  1. Quaid-i-Azam University, Materials Science Laboratory, Department of Physics (Pakistan)
  2. University of Mir-Pur, Department of Physics (Pakistan)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22776961
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 31; Journal Issue: 4; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2018 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature; Article Copyright (c) 2017 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC; http://www.springer-ny.com; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 1557-1939
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; COMPOSITE MATERIALS; CONCENTRATION RATIO; DIAMAGNETISM; DISLOCATION PINNING; GRAIN BOUNDARIES; MAGNETIC FLUX; MAGNETIZATION; NANOPARTICLES; NICKEL; ORTHORHOMBIC LATTICES; OXYGEN; PENETRATION DEPTH; SCATTERING; SOLIDS; SUPERCONDUCTIVITY; SUPERCONDUCTORS; SYNTHESIS

Citation Formats

Khan, Nawazish A., E-mail: nakhan@qau.edu.pk, Saleem, Abida, Abbas, S. Qamar, and Irfan, M. Ni Nanoparticle-Added Ni{sub x}/(Cu{sub 0.5}Tl{sub 0.5})Ba{sub 2}Ca{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 10-δ} Superconductor Composites and Their Enhanced Flux Pinning Characteristics. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1007/S10948-017-4293-0.
Khan, Nawazish A., E-mail: nakhan@qau.edu.pk, Saleem, Abida, Abbas, S. Qamar, & Irfan, M. Ni Nanoparticle-Added Ni{sub x}/(Cu{sub 0.5}Tl{sub 0.5})Ba{sub 2}Ca{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 10-δ} Superconductor Composites and Their Enhanced Flux Pinning Characteristics. United States. doi:10.1007/S10948-017-4293-0.
Khan, Nawazish A., E-mail: nakhan@qau.edu.pk, Saleem, Abida, Abbas, S. Qamar, and Irfan, M. Sun . "Ni Nanoparticle-Added Ni{sub x}/(Cu{sub 0.5}Tl{sub 0.5})Ba{sub 2}Ca{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 10-δ} Superconductor Composites and Their Enhanced Flux Pinning Characteristics". United States. doi:10.1007/S10948-017-4293-0.
@article{osti_22776961,
title = {Ni Nanoparticle-Added Ni{sub x}/(Cu{sub 0.5}Tl{sub 0.5})Ba{sub 2}Ca{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 10-δ} Superconductor Composites and Their Enhanced Flux Pinning Characteristics},
author = {Khan, Nawazish A., E-mail: nakhan@qau.edu.pk and Saleem, Abida and Abbas, S. Qamar and Irfan, M.},
abstractNote = {Ni nanoparticle-added Ni{sub x}/(Cu{sub 0.5}Tl{sub 0.5})Ba{sub 2}Ca{sub 2} Cu{sub 3}O{sub 10-δ} superconductor composites are synthesized at normal pressure by two-step solid-state reaction method. The idea for adding ferromagnetic nanoparticles was to create artificial pinning centers at grain boundaries. The samples have shown orthorhombic crystal structure in which the cell parameters increase with an increase in the added concentration of Ni nanoparticles. This shows that due to the higher reactivity, Ni nanoparticles partially diffuse into the unit cell of (Cu{sub 0.5}Tl{sub 0.5})Ba{sub 2}Ca{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 10-δ} superconductors. This also indicates as an evidence of the occupancy of these nanoparticles at grain boundaries. A metallic variation of resistivity from room temperature down to the onset of superconductivity is a typical feature of these samples with T{sub c}(R = 0) varying between 92 and 94 K. The magnitude of diamagnetism is significantly enhanced in 7 and 10% nanoparticle-added samples. The enhanced magnetization of ferromagnetic nanoparticles at reduced temperature plays a vital role in reducing the diamagnetism of nanosuperconductor composites. The softening of apical oxygen modes of type Cu(1)–O{sub A}–Cu(2) has confirmed the diffusion of Ni nanoparticles into the unit cell of the final compound. The excess conductivity analyses of conductivity data have shown that the values of B{sub c}(0), B{sub c1}, and J{sub c} are enhanced with the addition of Ni nanoparticles in the final compound. Variation of superconducting properties was attributed to pair breaking due to spin scattering across these ferromagnetic Ni nanoparticles. This shows that added Ni nanoparticles act as efficient pinning centers, which is also confirmed by the suppression of the London penetration depth.},
doi = {10.1007/S10948-017-4293-0},
journal = {Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism},
issn = {1557-1939},
number = 4,
volume = 31,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {4}
}