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Title: Effect of Annealing Temperature on Magnetic and Mössbauer Properties of ZnFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} Nanoparticles by Sol-gel Approach

Abstract

In this study, spinel ZnFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} nanoparticles (NPs) were synthesized by citrate sol-gel route using nickel nitrates, ferric nitrates and citric acid by annealing at 900, 1000, and 1100{sup ∘}C. We reported the structural and magnetic properties (including Mössbauer analysis) for anisotropy ZnFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} NPs annealed at different temperatures. Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) and X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) were utilized to analyze the structural properties of magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs). Morphological features of resultant MNPs were examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The observed XRD results displayed that the crystallite size increased from 38.60 to 49.28 nm with increasing the annealing temperature in a distinct linear trend. The enhancement of saturation magnetization of the uniaxial ZnFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} NPs was studied and varied from 1.28 to 1.66 emu/g as the annealing temperature increases. The Mössbauer spectra results show that ZnFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} ferrites were paramagnetic in nature at room temperature (RT).

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [7];  [3];  [8]
  1. Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, Department of Biochemical Engineering and Biotechnology (India)
  2. Hitit University, Department of Physics (Turkey)
  3. Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Department of Nano-Medicine Research, Institute for Research and Medical Consultations (IRMC) (Saudi Arabia)
  4. Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Department of Physics, College of Science (Saudi Arabia)
  5. TUBITAK-UME-National Metrology Institute (Turkey)
  6. Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Department of Biophysics, Institute for Research and Medical Consultations (IRMC) (Saudi Arabia)
  7. Imam Abdulrahman BinFaisalUniversity, Deanship of Preparatory Year (Saudi Arabia)
  8. Bharath University, Department of Chemistry, Bharath Institute of Higher Education and Research (BIHER) (India)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22773714
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 31; Journal Issue: 10; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2018 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature; http://www.springer-ny.com; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 1557-1939
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; ANISOTROPY; ANNEALING; CITRIC ACID; FERRITES; FOURIER TRANSFORM SPECTROMETERS; MAGNETIC PROPERTIES; MAGNETIZATION; MOESSBAUER EFFECT; NANOPARTICLES; NICKEL NITRATES; PARAMAGNETISM; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; SOL-GEL PROCESS; TEMPERATURE RANGE 0273-0400 K; X-RAY DIFFRACTION; ZINC COMPOUNDS

Citation Formats

Amir, Md., Gungunes, H., Baykal, A., E-mail: abaykal@iau.edu.sa, Almessiere, M. A., Sözeri, H., Ercan, I., Sertkol, M., Asiri, S., and Manikandan, A.. Effect of Annealing Temperature on Magnetic and Mössbauer Properties of ZnFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} Nanoparticles by Sol-gel Approach. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1007/S10948-018-4610-2.
Amir, Md., Gungunes, H., Baykal, A., E-mail: abaykal@iau.edu.sa, Almessiere, M. A., Sözeri, H., Ercan, I., Sertkol, M., Asiri, S., & Manikandan, A.. Effect of Annealing Temperature on Magnetic and Mössbauer Properties of ZnFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} Nanoparticles by Sol-gel Approach. United States. doi:10.1007/S10948-018-4610-2.
Amir, Md., Gungunes, H., Baykal, A., E-mail: abaykal@iau.edu.sa, Almessiere, M. A., Sözeri, H., Ercan, I., Sertkol, M., Asiri, S., and Manikandan, A.. Mon . "Effect of Annealing Temperature on Magnetic and Mössbauer Properties of ZnFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} Nanoparticles by Sol-gel Approach". United States. doi:10.1007/S10948-018-4610-2.
@article{osti_22773714,
title = {Effect of Annealing Temperature on Magnetic and Mössbauer Properties of ZnFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} Nanoparticles by Sol-gel Approach},
author = {Amir, Md. and Gungunes, H. and Baykal, A., E-mail: abaykal@iau.edu.sa and Almessiere, M. A. and Sözeri, H. and Ercan, I. and Sertkol, M. and Asiri, S. and Manikandan, A.},
abstractNote = {In this study, spinel ZnFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} nanoparticles (NPs) were synthesized by citrate sol-gel route using nickel nitrates, ferric nitrates and citric acid by annealing at 900, 1000, and 1100{sup ∘}C. We reported the structural and magnetic properties (including Mössbauer analysis) for anisotropy ZnFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} NPs annealed at different temperatures. Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) and X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) were utilized to analyze the structural properties of magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs). Morphological features of resultant MNPs were examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The observed XRD results displayed that the crystallite size increased from 38.60 to 49.28 nm with increasing the annealing temperature in a distinct linear trend. The enhancement of saturation magnetization of the uniaxial ZnFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} NPs was studied and varied from 1.28 to 1.66 emu/g as the annealing temperature increases. The Mössbauer spectra results show that ZnFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} ferrites were paramagnetic in nature at room temperature (RT).},
doi = {10.1007/S10948-018-4610-2},
journal = {Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism},
issn = {1557-1939},
number = 10,
volume = 31,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {10}
}