# Formation of Superheavy Elements: Study Based on Dynamical Approach

## Abstract

Using multi-dimensional Langevin equations for the probability distribution of the distance between the surfaces of two approaching nuclei, we have studied the formation of superheavy elements via calculation of evaporation and fission cross sections of these elements. Evaporation residue cross sections have been calculated for the 1n, 2n, 3n, 4n, and 5n evaporation channels using one and four dimensional Langevin equations for the {sup 48}Ca+{sup 226}Ra, {sup 232}Th, {sup 238}U, {sup 237}Np, {sup 239,240,242,244}Pu, {sup 243}Am, {sup 245,248}Cm, {sup 249}Bk, and {sup 249}Cf reactions. Our results show that with increasing dimension of Langevin equations the evaporation residue cross section is increased. Also, obtained results based on fourdimensional Langevin are in better agreement with experimental data in comparison with one-dimensional model.

- Authors:

- Razi University, Department of Physics (Iran, Islamic Republic of)
- University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Department of Physics (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

- Publication Date:

- OSTI Identifier:
- 22761746

- Resource Type:
- Journal Article

- Journal Name:
- Physics of Atomic Nuclei

- Additional Journal Information:
- Journal Volume: 81; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2018 Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 1063-7788

- Country of Publication:
- United States

- Language:
- English

- Subject:
- 73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; AMERICIUM 243; BERKELIUM 249; CALCIUM 48; CALIFORNIUM 249; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; CROSS SECTIONS; CURIUM 248; EVAPORATION; FOUR-DIMENSIONAL CALCULATIONS; LANGEVIN EQUATION; NEPTUNIUM 237; PLUTONIUM 239; PLUTONIUM 240; PLUTONIUM 242; PLUTONIUM 244; RADIUM 226; THORIUM 232; TRANSACTINIDE ELEMENTS; URANIUM 238

### Citation Formats

```
Naderi, D., E-mail: d.naderi@razi.ac.ir, and Alavi, S. A.
```*Formation of Superheavy Elements: Study Based on Dynamical Approach*. United States: N. p., 2018.
Web. doi:10.1134/S1063778818020138.

```
Naderi, D., E-mail: d.naderi@razi.ac.ir, & Alavi, S. A.
```*Formation of Superheavy Elements: Study Based on Dynamical Approach*. United States. doi:10.1134/S1063778818020138.

```
Naderi, D., E-mail: d.naderi@razi.ac.ir, and Alavi, S. A. Thu .
"Formation of Superheavy Elements: Study Based on Dynamical Approach". United States. doi:10.1134/S1063778818020138.
```

```
@article{osti_22761746,
```

title = {Formation of Superheavy Elements: Study Based on Dynamical Approach},

author = {Naderi, D., E-mail: d.naderi@razi.ac.ir and Alavi, S. A.},

abstractNote = {Using multi-dimensional Langevin equations for the probability distribution of the distance between the surfaces of two approaching nuclei, we have studied the formation of superheavy elements via calculation of evaporation and fission cross sections of these elements. Evaporation residue cross sections have been calculated for the 1n, 2n, 3n, 4n, and 5n evaporation channels using one and four dimensional Langevin equations for the {sup 48}Ca+{sup 226}Ra, {sup 232}Th, {sup 238}U, {sup 237}Np, {sup 239,240,242,244}Pu, {sup 243}Am, {sup 245,248}Cm, {sup 249}Bk, and {sup 249}Cf reactions. Our results show that with increasing dimension of Langevin equations the evaporation residue cross section is increased. Also, obtained results based on fourdimensional Langevin are in better agreement with experimental data in comparison with one-dimensional model.},

doi = {10.1134/S1063778818020138},

journal = {Physics of Atomic Nuclei},

issn = {1063-7788},

number = 2,

volume = 81,

place = {United States},

year = {2018},

month = {3}

}