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Title: Effect of nanosized titania on the structure and properties of the composites based on butadienenitrile rubber

Abstract

Nanocomposites based on butadienenitrile rubber (butadiene copolymer with 28% acrylonitrile) with functional titania nanoparticles of different nature have been obtained, and their complex study by X-ray diffractometry, small-angle X-ray scattering, scanning electron microscopy, electron probe X-ray microanalysis, and X-ray energy-dispersive spectroscopy has been performed. Differences in the morphology and composition of the surface and transverse cuts of nanocomposites in dependence of nanoparticle characteristics are established. It is found that the nanocomposites with the largest crystallite sizes have the lowest viscosity. It is also revealed that the nature of titania nanoparticles barely affects the vulcanization kinetics, and that the optimal vulcanization time for the composites is 25 min. Uniaxial extension tests have shown that nanocomposites with the best properties can be fabricated by introducing amorphous titania into the polymer (butadienenitrile rubber).

Authors:
; ;  [1]; ;  [2];  [3];  [1];  [2]
  1. Moscow Technological University, Institute of Fine Chemical Technologies (Russian Federation)
  2. Russian Academy of Sciences, Shubnikov Institute of Crystallography, Federal Scientific Research Centre “Crystallography and Photonics,” (Russian Federation)
  3. Karpov Institute of Physical Chemistry (Russian Federation)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22758340
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Crystallography Reports
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 62; Journal Issue: 5; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2017 Pleiades Publishing, Inc.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 1063-7745
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ACRYLONITRILE; BUTADIENE; COPOLYMERS; ELECTRON PROBES; KINETICS; MICROANALYSIS; MORPHOLOGY; NANOCOMPOSITES; NANOPARTICLES; NANOSTRUCTURES; RUBBERS; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; SMALL ANGLE SCATTERING; SURFACES; TITANIUM OXIDES; VISCOSITY; VULCANIZATION; X-RAY DIFFRACTION; X-RAY SPECTROSCOPY

Citation Formats

Reznichenko, S. V., Yulovskaya, V. D., Kuz’micheva, G. M., E-mail: galina-kuzmicheva@list.ru, Klechkovskaya, V. V., Orekhov, A. S., Sadovskaya, N. V., Gainanova, A. A., and Amarantov, S. V. Effect of nanosized titania on the structure and properties of the composites based on butadienenitrile rubber. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1134/S1063774517050157.
Reznichenko, S. V., Yulovskaya, V. D., Kuz’micheva, G. M., E-mail: galina-kuzmicheva@list.ru, Klechkovskaya, V. V., Orekhov, A. S., Sadovskaya, N. V., Gainanova, A. A., & Amarantov, S. V. Effect of nanosized titania on the structure and properties of the composites based on butadienenitrile rubber. United States. doi:10.1134/S1063774517050157.
Reznichenko, S. V., Yulovskaya, V. D., Kuz’micheva, G. M., E-mail: galina-kuzmicheva@list.ru, Klechkovskaya, V. V., Orekhov, A. S., Sadovskaya, N. V., Gainanova, A. A., and Amarantov, S. V. Fri . "Effect of nanosized titania on the structure and properties of the composites based on butadienenitrile rubber". United States. doi:10.1134/S1063774517050157.
@article{osti_22758340,
title = {Effect of nanosized titania on the structure and properties of the composites based on butadienenitrile rubber},
author = {Reznichenko, S. V. and Yulovskaya, V. D. and Kuz’micheva, G. M., E-mail: galina-kuzmicheva@list.ru and Klechkovskaya, V. V. and Orekhov, A. S. and Sadovskaya, N. V. and Gainanova, A. A. and Amarantov, S. V.},
abstractNote = {Nanocomposites based on butadienenitrile rubber (butadiene copolymer with 28% acrylonitrile) with functional titania nanoparticles of different nature have been obtained, and their complex study by X-ray diffractometry, small-angle X-ray scattering, scanning electron microscopy, electron probe X-ray microanalysis, and X-ray energy-dispersive spectroscopy has been performed. Differences in the morphology and composition of the surface and transverse cuts of nanocomposites in dependence of nanoparticle characteristics are established. It is found that the nanocomposites with the largest crystallite sizes have the lowest viscosity. It is also revealed that the nature of titania nanoparticles barely affects the vulcanization kinetics, and that the optimal vulcanization time for the composites is 25 min. Uniaxial extension tests have shown that nanocomposites with the best properties can be fabricated by introducing amorphous titania into the polymer (butadienenitrile rubber).},
doi = {10.1134/S1063774517050157},
journal = {Crystallography Reports},
issn = {1063-7745},
number = 5,
volume = 62,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {9}
}