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Title: On the Enthalpy and Entropy of Point Defect Formation in Crystals

Abstract

A standard way to determine the formation enthalpy H and entropy S of point defect formation in crystals consists in the application of the Arrhenius equation for the defect concentration. In this work, we show that a formal use of this method actually gives the effective (apparent) values of these quantities, which appear to be significantly overestimated. The underlying physical reason lies in temperature-dependent formation enthalpy of the defects, which is controlled by temperature dependence of the elastic moduli. We present an evaluation of the “true” H- and S-values for aluminum, which are derived on the basis of experimental data by taking into account temperature dependence of the formation enthalpy related to temperature dependence of the elastic moduli. The knowledge of the “true” activation parameters is needed for a correct calculation of the defect concentration constituting thus an issue of major importance for different fundamental and application issues of condensed matter physics and chemistry.

Authors:
 [1];  [2]
  1. Russian Academy of Sciences (ISSP RAS), Institute of Solid State Physics (Russian Federation)
  2. Voronezh State Pedagogical University (Russian Federation)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22749981
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 126; Journal Issue: 3; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2018 Pleiades Publishing, Inc.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 1063-7761
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; ARRHENIUS EQUATION; CRYSTALS; ENTROPY; FORMATION HEAT; PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY; POINT DEFECTS; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE

Citation Formats

Kobelev, N. P., and Khonik, V. A., E-mail: v.a.khonik@vspu.ac.ru. On the Enthalpy and Entropy of Point Defect Formation in Crystals. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1134/S1063776118030032.
Kobelev, N. P., & Khonik, V. A., E-mail: v.a.khonik@vspu.ac.ru. On the Enthalpy and Entropy of Point Defect Formation in Crystals. United States. doi:10.1134/S1063776118030032.
Kobelev, N. P., and Khonik, V. A., E-mail: v.a.khonik@vspu.ac.ru. Thu . "On the Enthalpy and Entropy of Point Defect Formation in Crystals". United States. doi:10.1134/S1063776118030032.
@article{osti_22749981,
title = {On the Enthalpy and Entropy of Point Defect Formation in Crystals},
author = {Kobelev, N. P. and Khonik, V. A., E-mail: v.a.khonik@vspu.ac.ru},
abstractNote = {A standard way to determine the formation enthalpy H and entropy S of point defect formation in crystals consists in the application of the Arrhenius equation for the defect concentration. In this work, we show that a formal use of this method actually gives the effective (apparent) values of these quantities, which appear to be significantly overestimated. The underlying physical reason lies in temperature-dependent formation enthalpy of the defects, which is controlled by temperature dependence of the elastic moduli. We present an evaluation of the “true” H- and S-values for aluminum, which are derived on the basis of experimental data by taking into account temperature dependence of the formation enthalpy related to temperature dependence of the elastic moduli. The knowledge of the “true” activation parameters is needed for a correct calculation of the defect concentration constituting thus an issue of major importance for different fundamental and application issues of condensed matter physics and chemistry.},
doi = {10.1134/S1063776118030032},
journal = {Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics},
issn = {1063-7761},
number = 3,
volume = 126,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {3}
}