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Title: Temperature Dependences of the Threshold Current and Output Power of a Quantum-Cascade Laser Emitting at 3.3 THz

Abstract

The active region of a THz (terahertz) quantum-cascade laser based on three tunnel-coupled GaAs/Al{sub 0.15}Ga{sub 0.85}As quantum wells with a resonance-phonon depopulation scheme is designed. Energy levels, matrix elements of dipole transitions, and gain spectra are calculated as functions of the applied electric-field strength F and temperature. It is shown that the maximum gain is implemented at a frequency of 3.37 THz and F = 12.3 kV/cm. Based on the proposed design, a quantum-cascade laser emitting at ~3.3 THz with a double metal waveguide and T{sub max} ~ 84 K is fabricated. The activation energy E{sub a} = 23 meV for longitudinal-optical (LO) phonon emission upon the stimulated recombination of hot electrons from the upper laser level to the lower one is determined from the Arrhenius temperature dependence of the output power.

Authors:
; ;  [1]; ;  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5]; ;  [6]; ;  [7]
  1. Institute of Ultra High Frequency Semiconductor Electronics, Russian Academy of Sciences (Russian Federation)
  2. Belarusian State University (Belarus)
  3. National Research Nuclear University MEPhI (Russian Federation)
  4. National Research University of Electronic Technology MIET (Russian Federation)
  5. AO Polyus Research Institute of M.F. Stelmakh (Russian Federation)
  6. Institute of Radio Engineering and Electronics, Russian Academy of Sciences (Russian Federation)
  7. Institute for Physics of Microstructures, Russian Academy of Sciences (Russian Federation)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22749734
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Semiconductors
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 52; Journal Issue: 11; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2018 Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 1063-7826
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ACTIVATION ENERGY; ELECTRIC FIELDS; EMISSION; ENERGY LEVELS; GALLIUM ARSENIDES; LASERS; MATRICES; MATRIX ELEMENTS; MEV RANGE; QUANTUM WELLS; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE; THRESHOLD CURRENT

Citation Formats

Khabibullin, R. A., E-mail: khabibullin@isvch.ru, Shchavruk, N. V., Ponomarev, D. S., Ushakov, D. V., Afonenko, A. A., Vasil’evskii, I. S., Zaycev, A. A., Danilov, A. I., Volkov, O. Yu., Pavlovskiy, V. V., Maremyanin, K. V., and Gavrilenko, V. I. Temperature Dependences of the Threshold Current and Output Power of a Quantum-Cascade Laser Emitting at 3.3 THz. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1134/S1063782618110118.
Khabibullin, R. A., E-mail: khabibullin@isvch.ru, Shchavruk, N. V., Ponomarev, D. S., Ushakov, D. V., Afonenko, A. A., Vasil’evskii, I. S., Zaycev, A. A., Danilov, A. I., Volkov, O. Yu., Pavlovskiy, V. V., Maremyanin, K. V., & Gavrilenko, V. I. Temperature Dependences of the Threshold Current and Output Power of a Quantum-Cascade Laser Emitting at 3.3 THz. United States. doi:10.1134/S1063782618110118.
Khabibullin, R. A., E-mail: khabibullin@isvch.ru, Shchavruk, N. V., Ponomarev, D. S., Ushakov, D. V., Afonenko, A. A., Vasil’evskii, I. S., Zaycev, A. A., Danilov, A. I., Volkov, O. Yu., Pavlovskiy, V. V., Maremyanin, K. V., and Gavrilenko, V. I. Thu . "Temperature Dependences of the Threshold Current and Output Power of a Quantum-Cascade Laser Emitting at 3.3 THz". United States. doi:10.1134/S1063782618110118.
@article{osti_22749734,
title = {Temperature Dependences of the Threshold Current and Output Power of a Quantum-Cascade Laser Emitting at 3.3 THz},
author = {Khabibullin, R. A., E-mail: khabibullin@isvch.ru and Shchavruk, N. V. and Ponomarev, D. S. and Ushakov, D. V. and Afonenko, A. A. and Vasil’evskii, I. S. and Zaycev, A. A. and Danilov, A. I. and Volkov, O. Yu. and Pavlovskiy, V. V. and Maremyanin, K. V. and Gavrilenko, V. I.},
abstractNote = {The active region of a THz (terahertz) quantum-cascade laser based on three tunnel-coupled GaAs/Al{sub 0.15}Ga{sub 0.85}As quantum wells with a resonance-phonon depopulation scheme is designed. Energy levels, matrix elements of dipole transitions, and gain spectra are calculated as functions of the applied electric-field strength F and temperature. It is shown that the maximum gain is implemented at a frequency of 3.37 THz and F = 12.3 kV/cm. Based on the proposed design, a quantum-cascade laser emitting at ~3.3 THz with a double metal waveguide and T{sub max} ~ 84 K is fabricated. The activation energy E{sub a} = 23 meV for longitudinal-optical (LO) phonon emission upon the stimulated recombination of hot electrons from the upper laser level to the lower one is determined from the Arrhenius temperature dependence of the output power.},
doi = {10.1134/S1063782618110118},
journal = {Semiconductors},
issn = {1063-7826},
number = 11,
volume = 52,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {11}
}