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Title: Biochar to reduce ammonia emissions in gaseous and liquid phase during composting of poultry manure with wheat straw

Abstract

Highlights: • Biochar can function as an amendment for low C/N and low porosity raw materials. • Biochar reduced the gaseous emissions of ammonia during poultry manure composting. • Significant ammonia emissions [NH{sub 4}{sup +}] in the condensate were registered. • Biochar has a potential impact on N retention during composting of high N materials. •easuring [NH{sub 4}{sup +}] in condensate allows closing up the N balance during composting. - Abstract: Composting of poultry manure which is high in N and dense in structure can cause several problems including significant N losses in the form of NH{sub 3} through volatilization. Biochar due to its recalcitrance and sorption properties can be used in composting as a bulking agent and/or amendment. The addition of a bulking agent to high moisture raw materials can assure optimal moisture content and enough air-filled porosity but not necessarily the C/N ratio. Therefore, amendment of low C/N composting mixtures with biochar at low rates can have a positive effect on composting dynamics. This work aimed at evaluating the effect of selected doses of wood derived biochar amendment (0%, 5% and 10%, wet weight) to poultry manure (P) mixed with wheat straw (S) (in the ratio of 1:0.4more » on wet weight) on the total ammonia emissions (including gaseous emissions of ammonia and liquid emissions of ammonium in the collected condensate and leachate) during composting. The process was performed in 165 L laboratory scale composting reactors for 42 days. The addition of 5% and 10% of biochar reduced gaseous ammonia emission by 30% and 44%, respectively. According to the obtained results, the measure of emission through the condensate would be necessary to assess the impact of the total ammonia emission during the composting process.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1];  [3]; ;  [1]
  1. Faculty of Agronomy and Bioengineering, Poznań University of Life Sciences, Wojska Polskiego 50, 60-637 Poznań (Poland)
  2. Institute of Environmental Engineering, Częstochowa University of Technology, Brzeźnicka 60A, 42-200 Częstochowa (Poland)
  3. GIRO Unit, Research and Technology, Food and Agriculture (IRTA), Torre Marimon, 08140 Caldes de Montbui, Barcelona, Catalonia (Spain)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22742107
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Waste Management
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 66; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2017 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0956-053X
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE WASTES, AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES; 01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; AMMONIA; CONDENSATES; EMISSION; POROSITY; RAW MATERIALS; WASTE PROCESSING

Citation Formats

Janczak, Damian, Malińska, Krystyna, Czekała, Wojciech, Cáceres, Rafaela, Lewicki, Andrzej, and Dach, Jacek. Biochar to reduce ammonia emissions in gaseous and liquid phase during composting of poultry manure with wheat straw. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1016/J.WASMAN.2017.04.033.
Janczak, Damian, Malińska, Krystyna, Czekała, Wojciech, Cáceres, Rafaela, Lewicki, Andrzej, & Dach, Jacek. Biochar to reduce ammonia emissions in gaseous and liquid phase during composting of poultry manure with wheat straw. United States. doi:10.1016/J.WASMAN.2017.04.033.
Janczak, Damian, Malińska, Krystyna, Czekała, Wojciech, Cáceres, Rafaela, Lewicki, Andrzej, and Dach, Jacek. Tue . "Biochar to reduce ammonia emissions in gaseous and liquid phase during composting of poultry manure with wheat straw". United States. doi:10.1016/J.WASMAN.2017.04.033.
@article{osti_22742107,
title = {Biochar to reduce ammonia emissions in gaseous and liquid phase during composting of poultry manure with wheat straw},
author = {Janczak, Damian and Malińska, Krystyna and Czekała, Wojciech and Cáceres, Rafaela and Lewicki, Andrzej and Dach, Jacek},
abstractNote = {Highlights: • Biochar can function as an amendment for low C/N and low porosity raw materials. • Biochar reduced the gaseous emissions of ammonia during poultry manure composting. • Significant ammonia emissions [NH{sub 4}{sup +}] in the condensate were registered. • Biochar has a potential impact on N retention during composting of high N materials. •easuring [NH{sub 4}{sup +}] in condensate allows closing up the N balance during composting. - Abstract: Composting of poultry manure which is high in N and dense in structure can cause several problems including significant N losses in the form of NH{sub 3} through volatilization. Biochar due to its recalcitrance and sorption properties can be used in composting as a bulking agent and/or amendment. The addition of a bulking agent to high moisture raw materials can assure optimal moisture content and enough air-filled porosity but not necessarily the C/N ratio. Therefore, amendment of low C/N composting mixtures with biochar at low rates can have a positive effect on composting dynamics. This work aimed at evaluating the effect of selected doses of wood derived biochar amendment (0%, 5% and 10%, wet weight) to poultry manure (P) mixed with wheat straw (S) (in the ratio of 1:0.4 on wet weight) on the total ammonia emissions (including gaseous emissions of ammonia and liquid emissions of ammonium in the collected condensate and leachate) during composting. The process was performed in 165 L laboratory scale composting reactors for 42 days. The addition of 5% and 10% of biochar reduced gaseous ammonia emission by 30% and 44%, respectively. According to the obtained results, the measure of emission through the condensate would be necessary to assess the impact of the total ammonia emission during the composting process.},
doi = {10.1016/J.WASMAN.2017.04.033},
journal = {Waste Management},
issn = {0956-053X},
number = ,
volume = 66,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {8}
}