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Title: Single step hydrothermal synthesis of carbon nanodot decorated V{sub 2}O{sub 5} nanobelts as hybrid conducting material for supercapacitor application

Abstract

Carbon nanodot (C-dot) decorated V{sub 2}O{sub 5} (C-dot@V{sub 2}O{sub 5}) nanobelts are synthesized by single step, low cost hydrothermal route at low temperature by using V{sub 2}O{sub 5} and glucose as precursors. We have not added any extra organic solvents or surfactants which are commonly used for the preparation of different nanostructures of V{sub 2}O{sub 5}. Electron microscopy analyses demonstrate that C-dot is entrapped inside V{sub 2}O{sub 5} nanobelts which in turn enhance the conductivity and ion propagation property of this composite material. The C-dot@V{sub 2}O{sub 5} nanobelts exhibit an excellent three electrode electrochemical performance in 1 M Na{sub 2}SO{sub 4} and which showed a specific capacitance of 270 F g{sup −1} at 1 A g{sup −1}, which is ~ 4.5 times higher than the pristine V{sub 2}O{sub 5} electrode. The electrochemical energy storage capacity of this hybrid is investigated towards solid state supercapacitor application also for the first time by employing electrophoretically deposited C-dot as the counter electrode and Li based gel as the electrolyte. The hybrid material delivers an energy density of 60 W h kg{sup −1} and a reasonably high power density of 4.1 kW kg{sup −1} at 5 A g{sup −1} and good cycling stability andmore » capacitance retention of about 87% was observed even after 5000 cycles. Above mentioned results clearly show that C-dot embedded hybrid, nanostructured transition metal oxides has great potential towards fabrication of electrodes for energy storage devices. - Highlights: • Synthesis of C-dot decorated V{sub 2}O{sub 5} by single step hydrothermal reduction method. • A specific capacitance of 270 F g{sup −1} at a current density of 1 A g{sup −1} for three electrode system. • Fabrication of solid state device by using gel electrolyte. • An energy density of 60 W h kg{sup −1} at 1 A g{sup −1} high power density of 4.1 kW kg{sup −1} at 5 A g{sup −1} for C-dot@V{sub 2}O{sub 5}.« less

Authors:
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22742029
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Solid State Chemistry
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 253; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2017 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0022-4596
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; CAPACITANCE; CAPACITIVE ENERGY STORAGE EQUIPMENT; CAPACITORS; CARBON; COMPOSITE MATERIALS; CURRENT DENSITY; ELECTROCHEMISTRY; ELECTRODES; ELECTROLYTES; ENERGY DENSITY; GELS; HYDROTHERMAL SYNTHESIS; ORGANIC SOLVENTS; POWER DENSITY; QUANTUM DOTS; SODIUM SULFATES; TEMPERATURE RANGE 0065-0273 K; VANADATES; VANADIUM OXIDES

Citation Formats

Narayanan, Remya. Single step hydrothermal synthesis of carbon nanodot decorated V{sub 2}O{sub 5} nanobelts as hybrid conducting material for supercapacitor application. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1016/J.JSSC.2017.05.035.
Narayanan, Remya. Single step hydrothermal synthesis of carbon nanodot decorated V{sub 2}O{sub 5} nanobelts as hybrid conducting material for supercapacitor application. United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.JSSC.2017.05.035
Narayanan, Remya. Fri . "Single step hydrothermal synthesis of carbon nanodot decorated V{sub 2}O{sub 5} nanobelts as hybrid conducting material for supercapacitor application". United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.JSSC.2017.05.035.
@article{osti_22742029,
title = {Single step hydrothermal synthesis of carbon nanodot decorated V{sub 2}O{sub 5} nanobelts as hybrid conducting material for supercapacitor application},
author = {Narayanan, Remya},
abstractNote = {Carbon nanodot (C-dot) decorated V{sub 2}O{sub 5} (C-dot@V{sub 2}O{sub 5}) nanobelts are synthesized by single step, low cost hydrothermal route at low temperature by using V{sub 2}O{sub 5} and glucose as precursors. We have not added any extra organic solvents or surfactants which are commonly used for the preparation of different nanostructures of V{sub 2}O{sub 5}. Electron microscopy analyses demonstrate that C-dot is entrapped inside V{sub 2}O{sub 5} nanobelts which in turn enhance the conductivity and ion propagation property of this composite material. The C-dot@V{sub 2}O{sub 5} nanobelts exhibit an excellent three electrode electrochemical performance in 1 M Na{sub 2}SO{sub 4} and which showed a specific capacitance of 270 F g{sup −1} at 1 A g{sup −1}, which is ~ 4.5 times higher than the pristine V{sub 2}O{sub 5} electrode. The electrochemical energy storage capacity of this hybrid is investigated towards solid state supercapacitor application also for the first time by employing electrophoretically deposited C-dot as the counter electrode and Li based gel as the electrolyte. The hybrid material delivers an energy density of 60 W h kg{sup −1} and a reasonably high power density of 4.1 kW kg{sup −1} at 5 A g{sup −1} and good cycling stability and capacitance retention of about 87% was observed even after 5000 cycles. Above mentioned results clearly show that C-dot embedded hybrid, nanostructured transition metal oxides has great potential towards fabrication of electrodes for energy storage devices. - Highlights: • Synthesis of C-dot decorated V{sub 2}O{sub 5} by single step hydrothermal reduction method. • A specific capacitance of 270 F g{sup −1} at a current density of 1 A g{sup −1} for three electrode system. • Fabrication of solid state device by using gel electrolyte. • An energy density of 60 W h kg{sup −1} at 1 A g{sup −1} high power density of 4.1 kW kg{sup −1} at 5 A g{sup −1} for C-dot@V{sub 2}O{sub 5}.},
doi = {10.1016/J.JSSC.2017.05.035},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/22742029}, journal = {Journal of Solid State Chemistry},
issn = {0022-4596},
number = ,
volume = 253,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {9}
}