skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: On the use of volumetric-modulated arc therapy for single-fraction thoracic vertebral metastases stereotactic body radiosurgery

Abstract

To retrospectively evaluate quality, efficiency, and delivery accuracy of volumetric-modulated arc therapy (VMAT) plans for single-fraction treatment of thoracic vertebral metastases using image-guided stereotactic body radiosurgery (SBRS) after RTOG 0631 dosimetric compliance criteria. After obtaining credentialing for MD Anderson spine phantom irradiation validation, 10 previously treated patients with thoracic vertebral metastases with noncoplanar hybrid arcs using 1 to 2 3D-conformal partial arcs plus 7 to 9 intensity-modulated radiation therapy beams were retrospectively re-optimized with VMAT using 3 full coplanar arcs. Tumors were located between T2 and T12. Contrast-enhanced T1/T2-weighted magnetic resonance images were coregistered with planning computed tomography and planning target volumes (PTV) were between 14.4 and 230.1 cc (median = 38.0 cc). Prescription dose was 16 Gy in 1 fraction with 6 MV beams at Novalis-TX linear accelerator consisting of micro multileaf collimators. Each plan was assessed for target coverage using conformality index, the conformation number, the ratio of the volume receiving 50% of the prescription dose over PTV, R50%, homogeneity index (HI), and PTV-1600 coverage per RTOG 0631 requirements. Organs-at-risk doses were evaluated for maximum doses to spinal cord (D{sub 0.03} {sub cc}, D{sub 0.35} {sub cc}), partial spinal cord (D{sub 10%}), esophagus (D{sub 0.03} {sub cc} andmore » D{sub 5} {sub cc}), heart (D{sub 0.03} {sub cc} and D{sub 15} {sub cc}), and lung (V{sub 5}, V{sub 10}, and maximum dose to 1000 cc of lung). Dose delivery efficiency and accuracy of each VMAT-SBRS plan were assessed using quality assurance (QA) plan on MapCHECK device. Total beam-on time was recorded during QA procedure, and a clinical gamma index (2%/2 mm and 3%/3 mm) was used to compare agreement between planned and measured doses. All 10 VMAT-SBRS plans met RTOG 0631 dosimetric requirements for PTV coverage. The plans demonstrated highly conformal and homogenous coverage of the vertebral PTV with mean HI, conformality index, conformation number, and R{sub 50%} values of 0.13 ± 0.03 (range: 0.09 to 0.18), 1.03 ± 0.04 (range: 0.98 to 1.09), 0.81 ± 0.06 (range: 0.72 to 0.89), and 4.2 ± 0.94 (range: 2.7 to 5.4), respectively. All 10 patients met protocol guidelines with maximum dose to spinal cord (average: 8.83 ± 1.9 Gy, range: 5.9 to 10.9 Gy); dose to 0.35 cc of spinal cord (average: 7.62 ± 1.7 Gy, range: 5.4 to 9.6 Gy); and dose to 10% of partial spinal cord (average 6.31 ± 1.5 Gy, range: 3.5 to 8.5 Gy) less than 14, 10, and 10 Gy, respectively. For all 10 patients, the maximum dose to esophagus (average: 9.41 ± 4.3 Gy, range: 1.5 to 14.9 Gy) and dose to 5 cc of esophagus (average: 7.43 ± 3.8 Gy, range: 1.1 to 11.8 Gy) were kept less than protocol requirements 16 Gy and 11.9 Gy, respectively. In a similar manner, all 10 patients met protocol compliance criteria with maximum dose to heart (average: 4.62 ± 3.5 Gy, range: 1.3 to 10.2 Gy) and dose to 15 cc of heart (average: 2.23 ± 1.8 Gy, range: 0.3 to 5.6 Gy) less than 22 and 16 Gy, respectively. The dose to the lung was retained much lower than protocol guidelines for all 10 patients. The total number of monitor units was, on average, 6919 ± 1187. The average beam-on time was 11.5 ± 2.0 minutes. The VMAT plans demonstrated dose delivery accuracy of 95.8 ± 0.7%, on average, for clinical gamma passing rate with 2%/2 mm criteria and 98.3 ± 0.8%, on average, with 3%/3 mm criteria. All VMAT-SBRS plans were considered clinically acceptable per RTOG 0631 dosimetric compliance criteria. VMAT planning provided highly conformal and homogenous dose distributions for the lower-dose vertebral PTV and the spinal cord as well as organs-at-risk such as esophagus, heart, and lung. Higher QA pass rates and shorter beam-on time suggest that VMAT-SBRS is a clinically feasible, fast, and effective treatment option for patients with thoracic vertebral metastases.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22685185
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Medical Dosimetry; Journal Volume: 42; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2017 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
61 RADIATION PROTECTION AND DOSIMETRY; 62 RADIOLOGY AND NUCLEAR MEDICINE; ACCURACY; BEAMS; COLLIMATORS; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; COMPLIANCE; COMPUTERIZED TOMOGRAPHY; DELIVERY; ESOPHAGUS; GY RANGE; HEART; IMAGES; IRRADIATION; LINEAR ACCELERATORS; LUNGS; METASTASES; MONITORS; NEOPLASMS; PATIENTS; PHANTOMS; PLANNING; QUALITY ASSURANCE; RADIATION DOSE DISTRIBUTIONS; RADIATION DOSES; RADIOTHERAPY; RECOMMENDATIONS; SPINAL CORD; SURGERY; VALIDATION; VERTEBRAE; QUALITY MANAGEMENT

Citation Formats

Pokhrel, Damodar, E-mail: damodar.pokhrel@uky.edu, Sood, Sumit, McClinton, Christopher, Shen, Xinglei, Badkul, Rajeev, Jiang, Hongyu, Mallory, Matthew, Mitchell, Mellissa, Wang, Fen, and Lominska, Christopher. On the use of volumetric-modulated arc therapy for single-fraction thoracic vertebral metastases stereotactic body radiosurgery. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1016/J.MEDDOS.2016.12.003.
Pokhrel, Damodar, E-mail: damodar.pokhrel@uky.edu, Sood, Sumit, McClinton, Christopher, Shen, Xinglei, Badkul, Rajeev, Jiang, Hongyu, Mallory, Matthew, Mitchell, Mellissa, Wang, Fen, & Lominska, Christopher. On the use of volumetric-modulated arc therapy for single-fraction thoracic vertebral metastases stereotactic body radiosurgery. United States. doi:10.1016/J.MEDDOS.2016.12.003.
Pokhrel, Damodar, E-mail: damodar.pokhrel@uky.edu, Sood, Sumit, McClinton, Christopher, Shen, Xinglei, Badkul, Rajeev, Jiang, Hongyu, Mallory, Matthew, Mitchell, Mellissa, Wang, Fen, and Lominska, Christopher. Sat . "On the use of volumetric-modulated arc therapy for single-fraction thoracic vertebral metastases stereotactic body radiosurgery". United States. doi:10.1016/J.MEDDOS.2016.12.003.
@article{osti_22685185,
title = {On the use of volumetric-modulated arc therapy for single-fraction thoracic vertebral metastases stereotactic body radiosurgery},
author = {Pokhrel, Damodar, E-mail: damodar.pokhrel@uky.edu and Sood, Sumit and McClinton, Christopher and Shen, Xinglei and Badkul, Rajeev and Jiang, Hongyu and Mallory, Matthew and Mitchell, Mellissa and Wang, Fen and Lominska, Christopher},
abstractNote = {To retrospectively evaluate quality, efficiency, and delivery accuracy of volumetric-modulated arc therapy (VMAT) plans for single-fraction treatment of thoracic vertebral metastases using image-guided stereotactic body radiosurgery (SBRS) after RTOG 0631 dosimetric compliance criteria. After obtaining credentialing for MD Anderson spine phantom irradiation validation, 10 previously treated patients with thoracic vertebral metastases with noncoplanar hybrid arcs using 1 to 2 3D-conformal partial arcs plus 7 to 9 intensity-modulated radiation therapy beams were retrospectively re-optimized with VMAT using 3 full coplanar arcs. Tumors were located between T2 and T12. Contrast-enhanced T1/T2-weighted magnetic resonance images were coregistered with planning computed tomography and planning target volumes (PTV) were between 14.4 and 230.1 cc (median = 38.0 cc). Prescription dose was 16 Gy in 1 fraction with 6 MV beams at Novalis-TX linear accelerator consisting of micro multileaf collimators. Each plan was assessed for target coverage using conformality index, the conformation number, the ratio of the volume receiving 50% of the prescription dose over PTV, R50%, homogeneity index (HI), and PTV-1600 coverage per RTOG 0631 requirements. Organs-at-risk doses were evaluated for maximum doses to spinal cord (D{sub 0.03} {sub cc}, D{sub 0.35} {sub cc}), partial spinal cord (D{sub 10%}), esophagus (D{sub 0.03} {sub cc} and D{sub 5} {sub cc}), heart (D{sub 0.03} {sub cc} and D{sub 15} {sub cc}), and lung (V{sub 5}, V{sub 10}, and maximum dose to 1000 cc of lung). Dose delivery efficiency and accuracy of each VMAT-SBRS plan were assessed using quality assurance (QA) plan on MapCHECK device. Total beam-on time was recorded during QA procedure, and a clinical gamma index (2%/2 mm and 3%/3 mm) was used to compare agreement between planned and measured doses. All 10 VMAT-SBRS plans met RTOG 0631 dosimetric requirements for PTV coverage. The plans demonstrated highly conformal and homogenous coverage of the vertebral PTV with mean HI, conformality index, conformation number, and R{sub 50%} values of 0.13 ± 0.03 (range: 0.09 to 0.18), 1.03 ± 0.04 (range: 0.98 to 1.09), 0.81 ± 0.06 (range: 0.72 to 0.89), and 4.2 ± 0.94 (range: 2.7 to 5.4), respectively. All 10 patients met protocol guidelines with maximum dose to spinal cord (average: 8.83 ± 1.9 Gy, range: 5.9 to 10.9 Gy); dose to 0.35 cc of spinal cord (average: 7.62 ± 1.7 Gy, range: 5.4 to 9.6 Gy); and dose to 10% of partial spinal cord (average 6.31 ± 1.5 Gy, range: 3.5 to 8.5 Gy) less than 14, 10, and 10 Gy, respectively. For all 10 patients, the maximum dose to esophagus (average: 9.41 ± 4.3 Gy, range: 1.5 to 14.9 Gy) and dose to 5 cc of esophagus (average: 7.43 ± 3.8 Gy, range: 1.1 to 11.8 Gy) were kept less than protocol requirements 16 Gy and 11.9 Gy, respectively. In a similar manner, all 10 patients met protocol compliance criteria with maximum dose to heart (average: 4.62 ± 3.5 Gy, range: 1.3 to 10.2 Gy) and dose to 15 cc of heart (average: 2.23 ± 1.8 Gy, range: 0.3 to 5.6 Gy) less than 22 and 16 Gy, respectively. The dose to the lung was retained much lower than protocol guidelines for all 10 patients. The total number of monitor units was, on average, 6919 ± 1187. The average beam-on time was 11.5 ± 2.0 minutes. The VMAT plans demonstrated dose delivery accuracy of 95.8 ± 0.7%, on average, for clinical gamma passing rate with 2%/2 mm criteria and 98.3 ± 0.8%, on average, with 3%/3 mm criteria. All VMAT-SBRS plans were considered clinically acceptable per RTOG 0631 dosimetric compliance criteria. VMAT planning provided highly conformal and homogenous dose distributions for the lower-dose vertebral PTV and the spinal cord as well as organs-at-risk such as esophagus, heart, and lung. Higher QA pass rates and shorter beam-on time suggest that VMAT-SBRS is a clinically feasible, fast, and effective treatment option for patients with thoracic vertebral metastases.},
doi = {10.1016/J.MEDDOS.2016.12.003},
journal = {Medical Dosimetry},
number = 1,
volume = 42,
place = {United States},
year = {Sat Apr 01 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Sat Apr 01 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}