# Physical effects involved in the measurements of neutrino masses with future cosmological data

## Abstract

Future Cosmic Microwave Background experiments together with upcoming galaxy and 21-cm surveys will provide extremely accurate measurements of different cosmological observables located at different epochs of the cosmic history. The new data will be able to constrain the neutrino mass sum with the best precision ever. In order to exploit the complementarity of the different redshift probes, a deep understanding of the physical effects driving the impact of massive neutrinos on CMB and large scale structures is required. The goal of this work is to describe these effects, assuming a summed neutrino mass close to its minimum allowed value. We find that parameter degeneracies can be removed by appropriate combinations, leading to robust and model independent constraints. A joint forecast of the sensitivity of Euclid and DESI surveys together with a CORE-like CMB experiment leads to a 1σ uncertainty of 14 meV on the summed neutrino mass. Finally the degeneracy between M {sub ν} and the optical depth at reionization τ{sub reio}, originating in the combination of CMB and low redshift galaxy probes, might be broken by future 21-cm surveys, thus further decreasing the uncertainty on M {sub ν}. For instance, an independent determination of the optical depth with anmore »

- Authors:

- Institute for Theoretical Particle Physics and Cosmology (TTK), RWTH Aachen University, D-52056 Aachen (Germany)

- Publication Date:

- OSTI Identifier:
- 22680006

- Resource Type:
- Journal Article

- Resource Relation:
- Journal Name: Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics; Journal Volume: 2017; Journal Issue: 02; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)

- Country of Publication:
- United States

- Language:
- English

- Subject:
- 79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ACCURACY; ASTROPHYSICS; COSMOLOGICAL MODELS; GALAXIES; MASS; MEV RANGE; NEUTRINOS; RED SHIFT; RELICT RADIATION; SENSITIVITY

### Citation Formats

```
Archidiacono, Maria, Brinckmann, Thejs, Lesgourgues, Julien, and Poulin, Vivian, E-mail: archidiacono@physik.rwth-aachen.de, E-mail: brinckmann@physik.rwth-aachen.de, E-mail: lesgourg@physik.rwth-aachen.de, E-mail: poulin@lapth.cnrs.fr.
```*Physical effects involved in the measurements of neutrino masses with future cosmological data*. United States: N. p., 2017.
Web. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2017/02/052.

```
Archidiacono, Maria, Brinckmann, Thejs, Lesgourgues, Julien, & Poulin, Vivian, E-mail: archidiacono@physik.rwth-aachen.de, E-mail: brinckmann@physik.rwth-aachen.de, E-mail: lesgourg@physik.rwth-aachen.de, E-mail: poulin@lapth.cnrs.fr.
```*Physical effects involved in the measurements of neutrino masses with future cosmological data*. United States. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2017/02/052.

```
Archidiacono, Maria, Brinckmann, Thejs, Lesgourgues, Julien, and Poulin, Vivian, E-mail: archidiacono@physik.rwth-aachen.de, E-mail: brinckmann@physik.rwth-aachen.de, E-mail: lesgourg@physik.rwth-aachen.de, E-mail: poulin@lapth.cnrs.fr. Wed .
"Physical effects involved in the measurements of neutrino masses with future cosmological data". United States.
doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2017/02/052.
```

```
@article{osti_22680006,
```

title = {Physical effects involved in the measurements of neutrino masses with future cosmological data},

author = {Archidiacono, Maria and Brinckmann, Thejs and Lesgourgues, Julien and Poulin, Vivian, E-mail: archidiacono@physik.rwth-aachen.de, E-mail: brinckmann@physik.rwth-aachen.de, E-mail: lesgourg@physik.rwth-aachen.de, E-mail: poulin@lapth.cnrs.fr},

abstractNote = {Future Cosmic Microwave Background experiments together with upcoming galaxy and 21-cm surveys will provide extremely accurate measurements of different cosmological observables located at different epochs of the cosmic history. The new data will be able to constrain the neutrino mass sum with the best precision ever. In order to exploit the complementarity of the different redshift probes, a deep understanding of the physical effects driving the impact of massive neutrinos on CMB and large scale structures is required. The goal of this work is to describe these effects, assuming a summed neutrino mass close to its minimum allowed value. We find that parameter degeneracies can be removed by appropriate combinations, leading to robust and model independent constraints. A joint forecast of the sensitivity of Euclid and DESI surveys together with a CORE-like CMB experiment leads to a 1σ uncertainty of 14 meV on the summed neutrino mass. Finally the degeneracy between M {sub ν} and the optical depth at reionization τ{sub reio}, originating in the combination of CMB and low redshift galaxy probes, might be broken by future 21-cm surveys, thus further decreasing the uncertainty on M {sub ν}. For instance, an independent determination of the optical depth with an accuracy of σ(τ{sub reio})=0.001 (which might be achievable, although this is subject to astrophysical uncertainties) would decrease the uncertainty down to σ( M {sub ν})=12 meV.},

doi = {10.1088/1475-7516/2017/02/052},

journal = {Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics},

number = 02,

volume = 2017,

place = {United States},

year = {Wed Feb 01 00:00:00 EST 2017},

month = {Wed Feb 01 00:00:00 EST 2017}

}