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Title: Self-interacting inelastic dark matter: a viable solution to the small scale structure problems

Abstract

Self-interacting dark matter has been proposed as a solution to the small-scale structure problems, such as the observed flat cores in dwarf and low surface brightness galaxies. If scattering takes place through light mediators, the scattering cross section relevant to solve these problems may fall into the non-perturbative regime leading to a non-trivial velocity dependence, which allows compatibility with limits stemming from cluster-size objects. However, these models are strongly constrained by different observations, in particular from the requirements that the decay of the light mediator is sufficiently rapid (before Big Bang Nucleosynthesis) and from direct detection. A natural solution to reconcile both requirements are inelastic endothermic interactions, such that scatterings in direct detection experiments are suppressed or even kinematically forbidden if the mass splitting between the two-states is sufficiently large. Using an exact solution when numerically solving the Schrödinger equation, we study such scenarios and find regions in the parameter space of dark matter and mediator masses, and the mass splitting of the states, where the small scale structure problems can be solved, the dark matter has the correct relic abundance and direct detection limits can be evaded.

Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. Department of Physics, School of Engineering Sciences, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, AlbaNova University Center, 106 91 Stockholm (Sweden)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22679958
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics; Journal Volume: 2017; Journal Issue: 03; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; ABUNDANCE; BRIGHTNESS; COMPATIBILITY; CROSS SECTIONS; DETECTION; EXACT SOLUTIONS; GALAXIES; INTERACTIONS; MASS; NONLUMINOUS MATTER; NUCLEOSYNTHESIS; PARTICLE DECAY; SCATTERING; SCHROEDINGER EQUATION; SENSITIVITY; SPACE; SURFACES; VISIBLE RADIATION

Citation Formats

Blennow, Mattias, Clementz, Stefan, and Herrero-Garcia, Juan, E-mail: emb@kth.se, E-mail: scl@kth.se, E-mail: juan.herrero-garcia@adelaide.edu.au. Self-interacting inelastic dark matter: a viable solution to the small scale structure problems. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2017/03/048.
Blennow, Mattias, Clementz, Stefan, & Herrero-Garcia, Juan, E-mail: emb@kth.se, E-mail: scl@kth.se, E-mail: juan.herrero-garcia@adelaide.edu.au. Self-interacting inelastic dark matter: a viable solution to the small scale structure problems. United States. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2017/03/048.
Blennow, Mattias, Clementz, Stefan, and Herrero-Garcia, Juan, E-mail: emb@kth.se, E-mail: scl@kth.se, E-mail: juan.herrero-garcia@adelaide.edu.au. Wed . "Self-interacting inelastic dark matter: a viable solution to the small scale structure problems". United States. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2017/03/048.
@article{osti_22679958,
title = {Self-interacting inelastic dark matter: a viable solution to the small scale structure problems},
author = {Blennow, Mattias and Clementz, Stefan and Herrero-Garcia, Juan, E-mail: emb@kth.se, E-mail: scl@kth.se, E-mail: juan.herrero-garcia@adelaide.edu.au},
abstractNote = {Self-interacting dark matter has been proposed as a solution to the small-scale structure problems, such as the observed flat cores in dwarf and low surface brightness galaxies. If scattering takes place through light mediators, the scattering cross section relevant to solve these problems may fall into the non-perturbative regime leading to a non-trivial velocity dependence, which allows compatibility with limits stemming from cluster-size objects. However, these models are strongly constrained by different observations, in particular from the requirements that the decay of the light mediator is sufficiently rapid (before Big Bang Nucleosynthesis) and from direct detection. A natural solution to reconcile both requirements are inelastic endothermic interactions, such that scatterings in direct detection experiments are suppressed or even kinematically forbidden if the mass splitting between the two-states is sufficiently large. Using an exact solution when numerically solving the Schrödinger equation, we study such scenarios and find regions in the parameter space of dark matter and mediator masses, and the mass splitting of the states, where the small scale structure problems can be solved, the dark matter has the correct relic abundance and direct detection limits can be evaded.},
doi = {10.1088/1475-7516/2017/03/048},
journal = {Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics},
number = 03,
volume = 2017,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Mar 01 00:00:00 EST 2017},
month = {Wed Mar 01 00:00:00 EST 2017}
}