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Title: Asymptotic symmetries in de Sitter and inflationary spacetimes

Abstract

Soft gravitons produced by the expansion of de Sitter can be viewed as the Nambu-Goldstone bosons of spontaneously broken asymptotic symmetries of the de Sitter spacetime. We explicitly construct the associated charges, and show that acting with the charges on the vacuum creates a new state equivalent to a change in the local coordinates induced by the soft graviton. While the effect remains unobservable within the domain of a single observer where the symmetry is unbroken, this change is physical when comparing different asymptotic observers, or between a transformed and un-transformed initial state, consistent with the scale-dependent statistical anisotropies previously derived using semiclassical relations. We then compute the overlap, (0| 0'), between the unperturbed de Sitter vacuum |0), and the state | 0') obtained by acting N times with the charge. We show that when N→ M {sub p} {sup 2}/ H {sup 2} this overlap receives order one corrections and 0(0| 0')→ , which corresponds to an infrared perturbative breakdown after a time t {sub dS} ∼ M {sub p} {sup 2}/ H {sup 3} has elapsed, consistent with earlier arguments in the literature arguing for a perturbative breakdown on this timescale. We also discuss the generalization to inflation,more » and rederive the 3-point and one-loop consistency relations.« less

Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. CP3-Origins, Center for Cosmology and Particle Physics Phenomenology, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, 5230 Odense M (Denmark)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22679909
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics; Journal Volume: 2017; Journal Issue: 04; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ANISOTROPY; ASYMPTOTIC SOLUTIONS; BREAKDOWN; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; D S MESONS; DE SITTER SPACE; EXPANSION; GOLDSTONE BOSONS; GRAVITONS; INFLATIONARY UNIVERSE; SEMICLASSICAL APPROXIMATION; SPACE-TIME; SYMMETRY BREAKING

Citation Formats

Ferreira, Ricardo Z., Sandora, McCullen, and Sloth, Martin S., E-mail: ferreira@cp3.sdu.dk, E-mail: sandora@cp3.sdu.dk, E-mail: sloth@cp3.sdu.dk. Asymptotic symmetries in de Sitter and inflationary spacetimes. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2017/04/033.
Ferreira, Ricardo Z., Sandora, McCullen, & Sloth, Martin S., E-mail: ferreira@cp3.sdu.dk, E-mail: sandora@cp3.sdu.dk, E-mail: sloth@cp3.sdu.dk. Asymptotic symmetries in de Sitter and inflationary spacetimes. United States. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2017/04/033.
Ferreira, Ricardo Z., Sandora, McCullen, and Sloth, Martin S., E-mail: ferreira@cp3.sdu.dk, E-mail: sandora@cp3.sdu.dk, E-mail: sloth@cp3.sdu.dk. Sat . "Asymptotic symmetries in de Sitter and inflationary spacetimes". United States. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2017/04/033.
@article{osti_22679909,
title = {Asymptotic symmetries in de Sitter and inflationary spacetimes},
author = {Ferreira, Ricardo Z. and Sandora, McCullen and Sloth, Martin S., E-mail: ferreira@cp3.sdu.dk, E-mail: sandora@cp3.sdu.dk, E-mail: sloth@cp3.sdu.dk},
abstractNote = {Soft gravitons produced by the expansion of de Sitter can be viewed as the Nambu-Goldstone bosons of spontaneously broken asymptotic symmetries of the de Sitter spacetime. We explicitly construct the associated charges, and show that acting with the charges on the vacuum creates a new state equivalent to a change in the local coordinates induced by the soft graviton. While the effect remains unobservable within the domain of a single observer where the symmetry is unbroken, this change is physical when comparing different asymptotic observers, or between a transformed and un-transformed initial state, consistent with the scale-dependent statistical anisotropies previously derived using semiclassical relations. We then compute the overlap, (0| 0'), between the unperturbed de Sitter vacuum |0), and the state | 0') obtained by acting N times with the charge. We show that when N→ M {sub p} {sup 2}/ H {sup 2} this overlap receives order one corrections and 0(0| 0')→ , which corresponds to an infrared perturbative breakdown after a time t {sub dS} ∼ M {sub p} {sup 2}/ H {sup 3} has elapsed, consistent with earlier arguments in the literature arguing for a perturbative breakdown on this timescale. We also discuss the generalization to inflation, and rederive the 3-point and one-loop consistency relations.},
doi = {10.1088/1475-7516/2017/04/033},
journal = {Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics},
number = 04,
volume = 2017,
place = {United States},
year = {Sat Apr 01 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Sat Apr 01 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}
  • We compute the {ital exact} equation of state of circular strings in the (2+1)--dimensional de Sitter (dS) and anti--de Sitter (AdS) spacetimes, and analyze its properties for the different (oscillating, contracting, and expanding) strings. The string equation of state has the perfect fluid form {ital P}=({gamma}{minus}1){ital E}, with the pressure and energy expressed closely and completely in terms of elliptic functions, the instantaneous coefficient {gamma} depending on the elliptic modulus. We semiclassically quantize the oscillating circular strings. The string mass is {ital m}= {radical}{ital C} /({pi}{ital H}{alpha}{prime}), {ital C} being the Casimir operator, {ital C}={minus}{ital L}{sub {mu}{nu}}{ital L}{sup {mu}{nu}}, ofmore » the O(3,1)-dS [O(2,2)-AdS] group, and {ital H} is the Hubble constant. We find {alpha}{prime}{ital m}{sub dS}{sup 2}{approx}4{ital n}{minus}5{ital H}{sup 2}{alpha}{prime}{ital n}{sup 2} ({ital n}{element_of}{ital N}{sub 0}), and a {ital finite} number of states {ital N}{sub dS}{approx}0.34/({ital H}{sup 2}{alpha}{prime}) in de Sitter spacetime; {ital m}{sub AdS}{sup 2}{approx}{ital H}{sup 2}{ital n}{sup 2} (large {ital n}{element_of}{ital N}{sub 0}) and {ital N}{sub AdS}={infinity} in anti--de Sitter spacetime. The level spacing grows with {ital n} in AdS spacetime, while it is approximately constant (although smaller than in Minkowski spacetime and slightly decreasing) in dS spacetime. The massive states in dS spacetime decay through the tunnel effect and the semiclassical decay probability is computed. The semiclassical quantization of {ital exact} (circular) strings and the canonical quantization of generic string perturbations around the string center of mass qualitatively agree.« less
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  • We describe probes of anti{endash}de Sitter spacetimes in terms of conformal field theories on the AdS boundary. Our basic tool is a formula that relates bulk and boundary states{emdash}classical bulk field configurations are dual to expectation values of operators on the boundary. At the quantum level we relate the operator expansions of bulk and boundary fields. Using our methods, we discuss the CFT description of local bulk probes including normalizable wave packets, fundamental and D-strings, and D-instantons. Radial motions of probes in the bulk spacetime are related to motions in scale on the boundary, demonstrating a scale-radius duality. We discussmore » the implications of these results for the holographic description of black hole horizons in the boundary field theory. {copyright} {ital 1999} {ital The American Physical Society}« less
  • We have studied scalar perturbations as well as fermion perturbations in pure de Sitter spacetimes. For scalar perturbations we have shown that well-defined quasinormal modes in d-dimensions can exist provided that the mass of scalar field m>(d-1/2l). The quasinormal modes of fermion perturbations in three and four dimensional cases have also been investigated. We found that different from other dimensional cases, in the three dimensional pure de Sitter spacetime there is no quasinormal mode for the s-wave. This interesting difference caused by the spacial dimensions is true for both scalar and fermion perturbations.
  • We present a comprehensive study of the massless scalar field perturbation in the Reissner-Nordstroem anti-de Sitter (RNAdS) space-time and compute its quasinormal modes (QNM). For the lowest lying mode, we confirm and extend the dependence of the QNM frequencies on the black hole charge obtained in previous works. In near extreme limit, under the scalar perturbation we find that the imaginary part of the frequency tends to zero, which is consistent with the previous conjecture based on electromagnetic and axial gravitational perturbations. For the extreme value of the charge, the asymptotic field decay is dominated by a power-law tail, whichmore » shows that the extreme black hole can still be stable to scalar perturbations. We also study the higher overtones for the RNAdS black hole and find large variations of QNM frequencies with the overtone number and black hole charge. The nontrivial dependence of frequencies on the angular index l is also discussed.« less