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Title: Laminar and Turbulent Dynamos in Chiral Magnetohydrodynamics. I. Theory

Abstract

The magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) description of plasmas with relativistic particles necessarily includes an additional new field, the chiral chemical potential associated with the axial charge (i.e., the number difference between right- and left-handed relativistic fermions). This chiral chemical potential gives rise to a contribution to the electric current density of the plasma ( chiral magnetic effect ). We present a self-consistent treatment of the chiral MHD equations , which include the back-reaction of the magnetic field on a chiral chemical potential and its interaction with the plasma velocity field. A number of novel phenomena are exhibited. First, we show that the chiral magnetic effect decreases the frequency of the Alfvén wave for incompressible flows, increases the frequencies of the Alfvén wave and of the fast magnetosonic wave for compressible flows, and decreases the frequency of the slow magnetosonic wave. Second, we show that, in addition to the well-known laminar chiral dynamo effect, which is not related to fluid motions, there is a dynamo caused by the joint action of velocity shear and chiral magnetic effect. In the presence of turbulence with vanishing mean kinetic helicity, the derived mean-field chiral MHD equations describe turbulent large-scale dynamos caused by the chiral alpha effect,more » which is dominant for large fluid and magnetic Reynolds numbers. The chiral alpha effect is due to an interaction of the chiral magnetic effect and fluctuations of the small-scale current produced by tangling magnetic fluctuations (which are generated by tangling of the large-scale magnetic field by sheared velocity fluctuations). These dynamo effects may have interesting consequences in the dynamics of the early universe, neutron stars, and the quark–gluon plasma.« less

Authors:
;  [1];  [2];  [3];  [4]; ;  [5]
  1. Department of Mechanical Engineering, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, P.O. Box 653, Beer-Sheva 84105 (Israel)
  2. Discovery Center, Niels Bohr Institute, Blegdamsvej 17, DK-2100 Copenhagen (Denmark)
  3. Instituut-Lorentz for Theoretical Physics, Universiteit Leiden, Niels Bohrweg 2, 2333 CA Leiden (Netherlands)
  4. Institute of Theoretical Physics, ETH Hönggerberg, CH-8093 Zurich (Switzerland)
  5. Nordita, KTH Royal Institute of Technology and Stockholm University, Roslagstullsbacken 23, SE-10691 Stockholm (Sweden)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22679848
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Astrophysical Journal
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 846; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0004-637X
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ALFVEN WAVES; CHIRALITY; COMPRESSIBLE FLOW; FLUCTUATIONS; GLUONS; HELICITY; INCOMPRESSIBLE FLOW; MAGNETIC FIELDS; MAGNETIC REYNOLDS NUMBER; MAGNETOACOUSTIC WAVES; MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMICS; MEAN-FIELD THEORY; NEUTRON STARS; PLASMA; QUARK MATTER; QUARKS; RELATIVISTIC RANGE; SIMULATION; TURBULENCE; UNIVERSE

Citation Formats

Rogachevskii, Igor, Kleeorin, Nathan, Ruchayskiy, Oleg, Boyarsky, Alexey, Fröhlich, Jürg, Brandenburg, Axel, and Schober, Jennifer, E-mail: gary@bgu.ac.il. Laminar and Turbulent Dynamos in Chiral Magnetohydrodynamics. I. Theory. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/AA886B.
Rogachevskii, Igor, Kleeorin, Nathan, Ruchayskiy, Oleg, Boyarsky, Alexey, Fröhlich, Jürg, Brandenburg, Axel, & Schober, Jennifer, E-mail: gary@bgu.ac.il. Laminar and Turbulent Dynamos in Chiral Magnetohydrodynamics. I. Theory. United States. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/AA886B.
Rogachevskii, Igor, Kleeorin, Nathan, Ruchayskiy, Oleg, Boyarsky, Alexey, Fröhlich, Jürg, Brandenburg, Axel, and Schober, Jennifer, E-mail: gary@bgu.ac.il. Sun . "Laminar and Turbulent Dynamos in Chiral Magnetohydrodynamics. I. Theory". United States. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/AA886B.
@article{osti_22679848,
title = {Laminar and Turbulent Dynamos in Chiral Magnetohydrodynamics. I. Theory},
author = {Rogachevskii, Igor and Kleeorin, Nathan and Ruchayskiy, Oleg and Boyarsky, Alexey and Fröhlich, Jürg and Brandenburg, Axel and Schober, Jennifer, E-mail: gary@bgu.ac.il},
abstractNote = {The magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) description of plasmas with relativistic particles necessarily includes an additional new field, the chiral chemical potential associated with the axial charge (i.e., the number difference between right- and left-handed relativistic fermions). This chiral chemical potential gives rise to a contribution to the electric current density of the plasma ( chiral magnetic effect ). We present a self-consistent treatment of the chiral MHD equations , which include the back-reaction of the magnetic field on a chiral chemical potential and its interaction with the plasma velocity field. A number of novel phenomena are exhibited. First, we show that the chiral magnetic effect decreases the frequency of the Alfvén wave for incompressible flows, increases the frequencies of the Alfvén wave and of the fast magnetosonic wave for compressible flows, and decreases the frequency of the slow magnetosonic wave. Second, we show that, in addition to the well-known laminar chiral dynamo effect, which is not related to fluid motions, there is a dynamo caused by the joint action of velocity shear and chiral magnetic effect. In the presence of turbulence with vanishing mean kinetic helicity, the derived mean-field chiral MHD equations describe turbulent large-scale dynamos caused by the chiral alpha effect, which is dominant for large fluid and magnetic Reynolds numbers. The chiral alpha effect is due to an interaction of the chiral magnetic effect and fluctuations of the small-scale current produced by tangling magnetic fluctuations (which are generated by tangling of the large-scale magnetic field by sheared velocity fluctuations). These dynamo effects may have interesting consequences in the dynamics of the early universe, neutron stars, and the quark–gluon plasma.},
doi = {10.3847/1538-4357/AA886B},
journal = {Astrophysical Journal},
issn = {0004-637X},
number = 2,
volume = 846,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {9}
}