Broken bridges: a counterexample of the ER=EPR conjecture
Abstract
In this paper, we provide a counterexample to the ER=EPR conjecture. In an antide Sitter space, we construct a pair of maximally entangled but separated black holes. Due to the vacuum decay of the antide Sitter background toward a deeper vacuum, these two parts can be trapped by bubbles. If these bubbles are reasonably large, then within the scrambling time, there should appear an EinsteinRosen bridge between the two black holes. Now by tracing more details on the bubble dynamics, one can identify parameters such that one of the two bubbles either monotonically shrinks or expands. Because of the change of vacuum energy, one side of the black hole would evaporate completely. Due to the shrinking of the apparent horizon, a signal of one side of the EinsteinRosen bridge can be viewed from the opposite side. We analytically and numerically demonstrate that within a reasonable semiclassical parameter regime, such process can happen. Bubbles are a nonperturbative effect, which is the crucial reason that allows the transmission of information between the two black holes through the EinsteinRosen bridge, even though the probability is highly suppressed. Therefore, the ER=EPR conjecture cannot be generic in its present form and its validity maybe restricted.
 Authors:
 Leung Center for Cosmology and Particle Astrophysics, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China)
 Publication Date:
 OSTI Identifier:
 22676146
 Resource Type:
 Journal Article
 Resource Relation:
 Journal Name: Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics; Journal Volume: 2017; Journal Issue: 06; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
 Country of Publication:
 United States
 Language:
 English
 Subject:
 72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; ANTI DE SITTER SPACE; BLACK HOLES; ELECTRON SPIN RESONANCE; PARTICLE DECAY; PROBABILITY; QUANTUM ENTANGLEMENT; TRANSMISSION; TRAPPING
Citation Formats
Chen, Pisin, Wu, ChihHung, and Yeom, Donghan, Email: pisinchen@phys.ntu.edu.tw, Email: b02202007@ntu.edu.tw, Email: innocent.yeom@gmail.com. Broken bridges: a counterexample of the ER=EPR conjecture. United States: N. p., 2017.
Web. doi:10.1088/14757516/2017/06/040.
Chen, Pisin, Wu, ChihHung, & Yeom, Donghan, Email: pisinchen@phys.ntu.edu.tw, Email: b02202007@ntu.edu.tw, Email: innocent.yeom@gmail.com. Broken bridges: a counterexample of the ER=EPR conjecture. United States. doi:10.1088/14757516/2017/06/040.
Chen, Pisin, Wu, ChihHung, and Yeom, Donghan, Email: pisinchen@phys.ntu.edu.tw, Email: b02202007@ntu.edu.tw, Email: innocent.yeom@gmail.com. Thu .
"Broken bridges: a counterexample of the ER=EPR conjecture". United States.
doi:10.1088/14757516/2017/06/040.
@article{osti_22676146,
title = {Broken bridges: a counterexample of the ER=EPR conjecture},
author = {Chen, Pisin and Wu, ChihHung and Yeom, Donghan, Email: pisinchen@phys.ntu.edu.tw, Email: b02202007@ntu.edu.tw, Email: innocent.yeom@gmail.com},
abstractNote = {In this paper, we provide a counterexample to the ER=EPR conjecture. In an antide Sitter space, we construct a pair of maximally entangled but separated black holes. Due to the vacuum decay of the antide Sitter background toward a deeper vacuum, these two parts can be trapped by bubbles. If these bubbles are reasonably large, then within the scrambling time, there should appear an EinsteinRosen bridge between the two black holes. Now by tracing more details on the bubble dynamics, one can identify parameters such that one of the two bubbles either monotonically shrinks or expands. Because of the change of vacuum energy, one side of the black hole would evaporate completely. Due to the shrinking of the apparent horizon, a signal of one side of the EinsteinRosen bridge can be viewed from the opposite side. We analytically and numerically demonstrate that within a reasonable semiclassical parameter regime, such process can happen. Bubbles are a nonperturbative effect, which is the crucial reason that allows the transmission of information between the two black holes through the EinsteinRosen bridge, even though the probability is highly suppressed. Therefore, the ER=EPR conjecture cannot be generic in its present form and its validity maybe restricted.},
doi = {10.1088/14757516/2017/06/040},
journal = {Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics},
number = 06,
volume = 2017,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Jun 01 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Thu Jun 01 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}

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