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Title: Gravitational wave from dark sector with dark pion

Abstract

In this work, we investigate the spectra of gravitational waves produced by chiral symmetry breaking in dark quantum chromodynamics (dQCD) sector. The dark pion (π) can be a dark matter candidate as weakly interacting massive particle (WIMP) or strongly interacting massive particle (SIMP). For a WIMP scenario, we introduce the dQCD sector coupled to the standard model (SM) sector with classical scale invariance and investigate the annihilation process of the dark pion via the 2π → 2 SM process. For a SIMP scenario, we investigate the 3π → 2π annihilation process of the dark pion as a SIMP using chiral perturbation theory. We find that in the WIMP scenario the gravitational wave background spectra can be observed by future space gravitational wave antennas. On the other hand, when the dark pion is the SIMP dark matter with the constraints for the chiral perturbative limit and pion-pion scattering cross section, the chiral phase transition becomes crossover and then the gravitational waves are not produced.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. Department of Physics, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan)
  2. Institut für Theoretische Physik, Universität Heidelberg, Philosophenweg 16, 69120 Heidelberg (Germany)
  3. Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-0810 (Japan)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22676085
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics; Journal Volume: 2017; Journal Issue: 07; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; ANNIHILATION; CHIRAL SYMMETRY; CHIRALITY; CROSS SECTIONS; DISTURBANCES; GRAVITATIONAL WAVES; NONLUMINOUS MATTER; PERTURBATION THEORY; PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS; PION-PION INTERACTIONS; PIONS; QUANTUM CHROMODYNAMICS; SCALE INVARIANCE; SPACE; SPECTRA; STANDARD MODEL; SYMMETRY BREAKING; WIMPS

Citation Formats

Tsumura, Koji, Yamada, Masatoshi, and Yamaguchi, Yuya, E-mail: ko2@gauge.scphys.kyoto-u.ac.jp, E-mail: m.yamada@thphys.uni-heidelberg.de, E-mail: yy@particle.sci.hokudai.ac.jp. Gravitational wave from dark sector with dark pion. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2017/07/044.
Tsumura, Koji, Yamada, Masatoshi, & Yamaguchi, Yuya, E-mail: ko2@gauge.scphys.kyoto-u.ac.jp, E-mail: m.yamada@thphys.uni-heidelberg.de, E-mail: yy@particle.sci.hokudai.ac.jp. Gravitational wave from dark sector with dark pion. United States. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2017/07/044.
Tsumura, Koji, Yamada, Masatoshi, and Yamaguchi, Yuya, E-mail: ko2@gauge.scphys.kyoto-u.ac.jp, E-mail: m.yamada@thphys.uni-heidelberg.de, E-mail: yy@particle.sci.hokudai.ac.jp. Sat . "Gravitational wave from dark sector with dark pion". United States. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2017/07/044.
@article{osti_22676085,
title = {Gravitational wave from dark sector with dark pion},
author = {Tsumura, Koji and Yamada, Masatoshi and Yamaguchi, Yuya, E-mail: ko2@gauge.scphys.kyoto-u.ac.jp, E-mail: m.yamada@thphys.uni-heidelberg.de, E-mail: yy@particle.sci.hokudai.ac.jp},
abstractNote = {In this work, we investigate the spectra of gravitational waves produced by chiral symmetry breaking in dark quantum chromodynamics (dQCD) sector. The dark pion (π) can be a dark matter candidate as weakly interacting massive particle (WIMP) or strongly interacting massive particle (SIMP). For a WIMP scenario, we introduce the dQCD sector coupled to the standard model (SM) sector with classical scale invariance and investigate the annihilation process of the dark pion via the 2π → 2 SM process. For a SIMP scenario, we investigate the 3π → 2π annihilation process of the dark pion as a SIMP using chiral perturbation theory. We find that in the WIMP scenario the gravitational wave background spectra can be observed by future space gravitational wave antennas. On the other hand, when the dark pion is the SIMP dark matter with the constraints for the chiral perturbative limit and pion-pion scattering cross section, the chiral phase transition becomes crossover and then the gravitational waves are not produced.},
doi = {10.1088/1475-7516/2017/07/044},
journal = {Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics},
number = 07,
volume = 2017,
place = {United States},
year = {Sat Jul 01 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Sat Jul 01 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}