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Title: Single field double inflation and primordial black holes

Abstract

Within the framework of scalar-tensor theories, we study the conditions that allow single field inflation dynamics on small cosmological scales to significantly differ from that of the large scales probed by the observations of cosmic microwave background. The resulting single field double inflation scenario is characterised by two consequent inflation eras, usually separated by a period where the slow-roll approximation fails. At large field values the dynamics of the inflaton is dominated by the interplay between its non-minimal coupling to gravity and the radiative corrections to the inflaton self-coupling. For small field values the potential is, instead, dominated by a polynomial that results in a hilltop inflation. Without relying on the slow-roll approximation, which is invalidated by the appearance of the intermediate stage, we propose a concrete model that matches the current measurements of inflationary observables and employs the freedom granted by the framework on small cosmological scales to give rise to a sizeable population of primordial black holes generated by large curvature fluctuations. We find that these features generally require a potential with a local minimum. We show that the associated primordial black hole mass function is only approximately lognormal.

Authors:
; ; ;  [1]
  1. National Institute of Chemical Physics and Biophysics, Rävala 10, 10143 Tallinn (Estonia)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22667691
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 2017; Journal Issue: 09; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 1475-7516
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; APPROXIMATIONS; BLACK HOLES; COUPLING; FLUCTUATIONS; GRAVITATION; INFLATIONARY UNIVERSE; INFLATONS; MASS; POLYNOMIALS; PROBES; RADIATIVE CORRECTIONS; RELICT RADIATION

Citation Formats

Kannike, K., Marzola, L., Raidal, M., and Veermäe, H., E-mail: kristjan.kannike@cern.ch, E-mail: luca.marzola@cern.ch, E-mail: martti.raidal@cern.ch, E-mail: hardi.veermae@cern.ch. Single field double inflation and primordial black holes. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2017/09/020.
Kannike, K., Marzola, L., Raidal, M., & Veermäe, H., E-mail: kristjan.kannike@cern.ch, E-mail: luca.marzola@cern.ch, E-mail: martti.raidal@cern.ch, E-mail: hardi.veermae@cern.ch. Single field double inflation and primordial black holes. United States. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2017/09/020.
Kannike, K., Marzola, L., Raidal, M., and Veermäe, H., E-mail: kristjan.kannike@cern.ch, E-mail: luca.marzola@cern.ch, E-mail: martti.raidal@cern.ch, E-mail: hardi.veermae@cern.ch. Fri . "Single field double inflation and primordial black holes". United States. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2017/09/020.
@article{osti_22667691,
title = {Single field double inflation and primordial black holes},
author = {Kannike, K. and Marzola, L. and Raidal, M. and Veermäe, H., E-mail: kristjan.kannike@cern.ch, E-mail: luca.marzola@cern.ch, E-mail: martti.raidal@cern.ch, E-mail: hardi.veermae@cern.ch},
abstractNote = {Within the framework of scalar-tensor theories, we study the conditions that allow single field inflation dynamics on small cosmological scales to significantly differ from that of the large scales probed by the observations of cosmic microwave background. The resulting single field double inflation scenario is characterised by two consequent inflation eras, usually separated by a period where the slow-roll approximation fails. At large field values the dynamics of the inflaton is dominated by the interplay between its non-minimal coupling to gravity and the radiative corrections to the inflaton self-coupling. For small field values the potential is, instead, dominated by a polynomial that results in a hilltop inflation. Without relying on the slow-roll approximation, which is invalidated by the appearance of the intermediate stage, we propose a concrete model that matches the current measurements of inflationary observables and employs the freedom granted by the framework on small cosmological scales to give rise to a sizeable population of primordial black holes generated by large curvature fluctuations. We find that these features generally require a potential with a local minimum. We show that the associated primordial black hole mass function is only approximately lognormal.},
doi = {10.1088/1475-7516/2017/09/020},
journal = {Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics},
issn = {1475-7516},
number = 09,
volume = 2017,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {9}
}