# Cosmological implications of primordial black holes

## Abstract

The possibility that a relevant fraction of the dark matter might be comprised of Primordial Black Holes (PBHs) has been seriously reconsidered after LIGO's detection of a ∼ 30 M {sub ⊙} binary black holes merger. Despite the strong interest in the model, there is a lack of studies on possible cosmological implications and effects on cosmological parameters inference. We investigate correlations with the other standard cosmological parameters using cosmic microwave background observations, finding significant degeneracies, especially with the tilt of the primordial power spectrum and the sound horizon at radiation drag. However, these degeneracies can be greatly reduced with the inclusion of small scale polarization data. We also explore if PBHs as dark matter in simple extensions of the standard ΛCDM cosmological model induces extra degeneracies, especially between the additional parameters and the PBH's ones. Finally, we present cosmic microwave background constraints on the fraction of dark matter in PBHs, not only for monochromatic PBH mass distributions but also for popular extended mass distributions. Our results show that extended mass distribution's constraints are tighter, but also that a considerable amount of constraining power comes from the high-ℓ polarization data. Moreover, we constrain the shape of such mass distributions inmore »

- Authors:

- ICC, University of Barcelona, IEEC-UB, Martí i Franquès, 1, E08028 Barcelona (Spain)

- Publication Date:

- OSTI Identifier:
- 22667618

- Resource Type:
- Journal Article

- Resource Relation:
- Journal Name: Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics; Journal Volume: 2017; Journal Issue: 10; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)

- Country of Publication:
- United States

- Language:
- English

- Subject:
- 79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; BLACK HOLES; CORRELATIONS; COSMOLOGICAL MODELS; DETECTION; MASS; MASS DISTRIBUTION; MONOCHROMATIC RADIATION; NONLUMINOUS MATTER; POLARIZATION; RELICT RADIATION; SOUND WAVES; SPECTRA

### Citation Formats

```
Luis Bernal, José, Bellomo, Nicola, Raccanelli, Alvise, and Verde, Licia, E-mail: joseluis.bernal@icc.ub.edu, E-mail: nicola.bellomo@icc.ub.edu, E-mail: alvise@icc.ub.edu, E-mail: liciaverde@icc.ub.edu.
```*Cosmological implications of primordial black holes*. United States: N. p., 2017.
Web. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2017/10/052.

```
Luis Bernal, José, Bellomo, Nicola, Raccanelli, Alvise, & Verde, Licia, E-mail: joseluis.bernal@icc.ub.edu, E-mail: nicola.bellomo@icc.ub.edu, E-mail: alvise@icc.ub.edu, E-mail: liciaverde@icc.ub.edu.
```*Cosmological implications of primordial black holes*. United States. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2017/10/052.

```
Luis Bernal, José, Bellomo, Nicola, Raccanelli, Alvise, and Verde, Licia, E-mail: joseluis.bernal@icc.ub.edu, E-mail: nicola.bellomo@icc.ub.edu, E-mail: alvise@icc.ub.edu, E-mail: liciaverde@icc.ub.edu. Sun .
"Cosmological implications of primordial black holes". United States.
doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2017/10/052.
```

```
@article{osti_22667618,
```

title = {Cosmological implications of primordial black holes},

author = {Luis Bernal, José and Bellomo, Nicola and Raccanelli, Alvise and Verde, Licia, E-mail: joseluis.bernal@icc.ub.edu, E-mail: nicola.bellomo@icc.ub.edu, E-mail: alvise@icc.ub.edu, E-mail: liciaverde@icc.ub.edu},

abstractNote = {The possibility that a relevant fraction of the dark matter might be comprised of Primordial Black Holes (PBHs) has been seriously reconsidered after LIGO's detection of a ∼ 30 M {sub ⊙} binary black holes merger. Despite the strong interest in the model, there is a lack of studies on possible cosmological implications and effects on cosmological parameters inference. We investigate correlations with the other standard cosmological parameters using cosmic microwave background observations, finding significant degeneracies, especially with the tilt of the primordial power spectrum and the sound horizon at radiation drag. However, these degeneracies can be greatly reduced with the inclusion of small scale polarization data. We also explore if PBHs as dark matter in simple extensions of the standard ΛCDM cosmological model induces extra degeneracies, especially between the additional parameters and the PBH's ones. Finally, we present cosmic microwave background constraints on the fraction of dark matter in PBHs, not only for monochromatic PBH mass distributions but also for popular extended mass distributions. Our results show that extended mass distribution's constraints are tighter, but also that a considerable amount of constraining power comes from the high-ℓ polarization data. Moreover, we constrain the shape of such mass distributions in terms of the correspondent constraints on the PBH mass fraction.},

doi = {10.1088/1475-7516/2017/10/052},

journal = {Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics},

number = 10,

volume = 2017,

place = {United States},

year = {Sun Oct 01 00:00:00 EDT 2017},

month = {Sun Oct 01 00:00:00 EDT 2017}

}