skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: VACUUM ULTRAVIOLET PHOTOABSORPTION SPECTRA OF NITRILE ICES FOR THEIR IDENTIFICATION ON PLUTO

Abstract

Icy bodies, such as Pluto, are known to harbor simple and complex molecules. The recent New Horizons flyby of Pluto has revealed a complex surface composed of bright and dark ice surfaces, indicating a rich chemistry based on nitrogen (N{sub 2}), methane (CH{sub 4}), and carbon monoxide (CO). Nitrile (CN) containing molecules such as acetonitrile (CH{sub 3}CN), propionitrile (CH{sub 3}CH{sub 2}CN), butyronitrile (CH{sub 3}CH{sub 2}CH{sub 2}CN), and isobutyronitrile ((CH{sub 3}){sub 2}CHCN) are some of the nitrile molecules that are known to be synthesized by radiative processing of such simple ices. Through the provision of a spectral atlas for such compounds we propose that such nitriles may be identified from the ALICE payload on board New Horizons .

Authors:
;  [1]; ;  [2];  [3];  [4]
  1. Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics Division, Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad, 380 009 (India)
  2. National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center, Hsinchu 30076, Taiwan (China)
  3. Atomic and Molecular Physics Division, BARC at RRCAT, Indore, 452 013 (India)
  4. International Space University, F-67400 Illkirch (France)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22666091
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Astrophysical Journal
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 825; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0004-637X
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ACETONITRILE; ALICE; CARBON; CARBON MONOXIDE; CARBON NITRIDES; CYANIDES; METHANE; MOLECULES; PLUTO PLANET; SIMULATION; SURFACES; ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION

Citation Formats

Sivaraman, B., Pavithraa, S., Lo, J. -I., Cheng, B. -M., Sekhar, B. N. Raja, Hill, H., and Mason, N. J., E-mail: bhala@prl.res.in. VACUUM ULTRAVIOLET PHOTOABSORPTION SPECTRA OF NITRILE ICES FOR THEIR IDENTIFICATION ON PLUTO. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.3847/0004-637X/825/2/141.
Sivaraman, B., Pavithraa, S., Lo, J. -I., Cheng, B. -M., Sekhar, B. N. Raja, Hill, H., & Mason, N. J., E-mail: bhala@prl.res.in. VACUUM ULTRAVIOLET PHOTOABSORPTION SPECTRA OF NITRILE ICES FOR THEIR IDENTIFICATION ON PLUTO. United States. https://doi.org/10.3847/0004-637X/825/2/141
Sivaraman, B., Pavithraa, S., Lo, J. -I., Cheng, B. -M., Sekhar, B. N. Raja, Hill, H., and Mason, N. J., E-mail: bhala@prl.res.in. Sun . "VACUUM ULTRAVIOLET PHOTOABSORPTION SPECTRA OF NITRILE ICES FOR THEIR IDENTIFICATION ON PLUTO". United States. https://doi.org/10.3847/0004-637X/825/2/141.
@article{osti_22666091,
title = {VACUUM ULTRAVIOLET PHOTOABSORPTION SPECTRA OF NITRILE ICES FOR THEIR IDENTIFICATION ON PLUTO},
author = {Sivaraman, B. and Pavithraa, S. and Lo, J. -I. and Cheng, B. -M. and Sekhar, B. N. Raja and Hill, H. and Mason, N. J., E-mail: bhala@prl.res.in},
abstractNote = {Icy bodies, such as Pluto, are known to harbor simple and complex molecules. The recent New Horizons flyby of Pluto has revealed a complex surface composed of bright and dark ice surfaces, indicating a rich chemistry based on nitrogen (N{sub 2}), methane (CH{sub 4}), and carbon monoxide (CO). Nitrile (CN) containing molecules such as acetonitrile (CH{sub 3}CN), propionitrile (CH{sub 3}CH{sub 2}CN), butyronitrile (CH{sub 3}CH{sub 2}CH{sub 2}CN), and isobutyronitrile ((CH{sub 3}){sub 2}CHCN) are some of the nitrile molecules that are known to be synthesized by radiative processing of such simple ices. Through the provision of a spectral atlas for such compounds we propose that such nitriles may be identified from the ALICE payload on board New Horizons .},
doi = {10.3847/0004-637X/825/2/141},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/22666091}, journal = {Astrophysical Journal},
issn = {0004-637X},
number = 2,
volume = 825,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {7}
}