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Title: Revisiting Quasi-periodic Modulation in γ -Ray Blazar PKS 2155-304 with Fermi Pass 8 Data

Abstract

We examine the gamma-ray quasi-periodic variability of PKS 2155-304 with the latest publicly available Fermi -LAT Pass 8 data, which covers the years from 2008 August to 2016 October. We produce the light curves in two ways: the exposure-weighted aperture photometry and the maximum likelihood optimization. The light curves are then analyzed by using Lomb-Scargle Periodogram (LSP) and Weighted Wavelet Z-transform, and the results reveal a significant quasi-periodicity with a period of 1.74±0.13 years and a significance of ∼4.9 σ . The constraint of multifrequencies quasi-periodic variabilities on blazar emission model is discussed.

Authors:
;  [1]; ;  [2]
  1. Key Laboratory of Dark Matter and Space Astronomy, Purple Mountain Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008 (China)
  2. Yunnan Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650011 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22663926
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 835; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; APERTURES; BL LACERTAE OBJECTS; COSMIC GAMMA SOURCES; EMISSION; GALAXIES; LIMITING VALUES; MODULATION; PERIODICITY; PHOTOMETRY; VISIBLE RADIATION

Citation Formats

Zhang, Peng-fei, Liao, Neng-hui, Yan, Da-hai, and Wang, Jian-cheng, E-mail: zhangpengfee@pmo.ac.cn, E-mail: yandahai@ynao.ac.cn. Revisiting Quasi-periodic Modulation in γ -Ray Blazar PKS 2155-304 with Fermi Pass 8 Data. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/835/2/260.
Zhang, Peng-fei, Liao, Neng-hui, Yan, Da-hai, & Wang, Jian-cheng, E-mail: zhangpengfee@pmo.ac.cn, E-mail: yandahai@ynao.ac.cn. Revisiting Quasi-periodic Modulation in γ -Ray Blazar PKS 2155-304 with Fermi Pass 8 Data. United States. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/835/2/260.
Zhang, Peng-fei, Liao, Neng-hui, Yan, Da-hai, and Wang, Jian-cheng, E-mail: zhangpengfee@pmo.ac.cn, E-mail: yandahai@ynao.ac.cn. Wed . "Revisiting Quasi-periodic Modulation in γ -Ray Blazar PKS 2155-304 with Fermi Pass 8 Data". United States. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/835/2/260.
@article{osti_22663926,
title = {Revisiting Quasi-periodic Modulation in γ -Ray Blazar PKS 2155-304 with Fermi Pass 8 Data},
author = {Zhang, Peng-fei and Liao, Neng-hui and Yan, Da-hai and Wang, Jian-cheng, E-mail: zhangpengfee@pmo.ac.cn, E-mail: yandahai@ynao.ac.cn},
abstractNote = {We examine the gamma-ray quasi-periodic variability of PKS 2155-304 with the latest publicly available Fermi -LAT Pass 8 data, which covers the years from 2008 August to 2016 October. We produce the light curves in two ways: the exposure-weighted aperture photometry and the maximum likelihood optimization. The light curves are then analyzed by using Lomb-Scargle Periodogram (LSP) and Weighted Wavelet Z-transform, and the results reveal a significant quasi-periodicity with a period of 1.74±0.13 years and a significance of ∼4.9 σ . The constraint of multifrequencies quasi-periodic variabilities on blazar emission model is discussed.},
doi = {10.3847/1538-4357/835/2/260},
journal = {Astrophysical Journal},
number = 2,
volume = 835,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Feb 01 00:00:00 EST 2017},
month = {Wed Feb 01 00:00:00 EST 2017}
}
  • In this paper, the addition of a 28 m Cherenkov telescope (CT5) to the H.E.S.S. array extended the experiment’s sensitivityto lower energies. The lowest energy threshold is obtained using monoscopic analysis of data taken with CT5, providing access to gamma-ray energies below 100 GeV for small zenith angle observations. Such an extension of the instrument’s energy range is particularly beneficial for studies of active galactic nuclei with soft spectra, as expected for those at a redshift ≥0.5. The high-frequency peaked BL Lac objects PKS 2155–304 (z = 0.116) and PG 1553+113 (0.43 < z < 0.58) are among the brightestmore » objects in the gamma-ray sky, both showing clear signatures of gamma-ray absorption at E > 100 GeV interpreted as being due to interactions with the extragalactic background light (EBL). Furthermore, the aims of this work are twofold: to demonstrate the monoscopic analysis of CT5 data with a low energy threshold, and to obtain accurate measurements of the spectral energy distributions (SED) of PKS 2155–304 and PG 1553+113 near their SED peaks at energies ≈100 GeV. Multiple observational campaigns of PKS 2155–304 and PG 1553+113 were conducted during 2013 and 2014 using the full H.E.S.S. II instrument (CT1–5). A monoscopic analysis of the data taken with the new CT5 telescope was developed along with an investigation into the systematic uncertainties on the spectral parameters which are derived from this analysis. As a result, using the data from CT5, the energy spectra of PKS 2155–304 and PG 1553+113 were reconstructed down to conservative threshold energies of 80 GeV for PKS 2155–304, which transits near zenith, and 110 GeV for the more northern PG 1553+113. The measured spectra, well fitted in both cases by a log-parabola spectral model (with a 5.0σ statistical preference for non-zero curvature for PKS 2155–304 and 4.5σ for PG 1553+113), were found consistent with spectra derived from contemporaneous Fermi-LAT data, indicating a sharp break in the observed spectra of both sources at E ≈ 100 GeV. When corrected for EBL absorption, the intrinsic H.E.S.S. II mono and Fermi-LAT spectrum of PKS 2155–304 was found to show significant curvature. For PG 1553+113, however, no significant detection of curvature in the intrinsic spectrum could be found within statistical and systematic uncertainties.« less
  • We report the Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) detection of two very-high-energy (VHE, E > 100 GeV) γ-ray photons from the directional vicinity of the distant (redshift, z = 1.1) blazar PKS 0426–380. The null hypothesis that both the 134 and 122 GeV photons originate from unrelated sources can be rejected at the 5.5σ confidence level. We therefore claim that at least one of the two VHE photons is securely associated with PKS 0426–380, making it the most distant VHE emitter known to date. The results are in agreement with recent Fermi-LAT constraints on the extragalactic background light (EBL) intensity,more » which imply a z ≅ 1 horizon for ≅ 100 GeV photons. The LAT detection of the two VHE γ-rays coincided roughly with flaring states of the source, although we did not find an exact correspondence between the VHE photon arrival times and the flux maxima at lower γ-ray energies. Modeling the γ-ray continuum of PKS 0426–380 with daily bins revealed a significant spectral hardening around the time of the first VHE event detection (LAT photon index Γ ≅ 1.4) but on the other hand no pronounced spectral changes near the detection time of the second one. This combination implies a rather complex variability pattern of the source in γ-rays during the flaring epochs. An additional flat component is possibly present above several tens of GeV in the EBL-corrected Fermi-LAT spectrum accumulated over the ∼8 month high state.« less
  • Here, we report the Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) detection of two very-high-energy (VHE, E > 100 GeV) γ-ray photons from the directional vicinity of the distant (redshift, z = 1.1) blazar PKS 0426–380. The null hypothesis that both the 134 and 122 GeV photons originate from unrelated sources can be rejected at the 5.5σ confidence level. We therefore claim that at least one of the two VHE photons is securely associated with PKS 0426–380, making it the most distant VHE emitter known to date. The results are in agreement with recent Fermi-LAT constraints on the extragalactic background light (EBL)more » intensity, which imply a z sime 1 horizon for sime 100 GeV photons. The LAT detection of the two VHE γ-rays coincided roughly with flaring states of the source, although we did not find an exact correspondence between the VHE photon arrival times and the flux maxima at lower γ-ray energies. Modeling the γ-ray continuum of PKS 0426–380 with daily bins revealed a significant spectral hardening around the time of the first VHE event detection (LAT photon index Γ sime 1.4) but on the other hand no pronounced spectral changes near the detection time of the second one. This combination implies a rather complex variability pattern of the source in γ-rays during the flaring epochs. An additional flat component is possibly present above several tens of GeV in the EBL-corrected Fermi-LAT spectrum accumulated over the ~8 month high state.« less
  • The soft X-ray source H2155-304 has been precisely located with the HEAO 1 scanning modulation collimator, and identified with a B/sub mag/approx.14 object. The linear polarization, variability, spectrum, and diffuse image of the optical flux, together with the positional coincidence of the radio source PKS 2155-304, indicate that this object is a new member of the BL Lacertae class. Its characteristics are compared with those of other X-ray emitting BL Lacertae objects, particularly MrK 421.