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Title: Spatial Variations of Turbulent Properties of Neutral Hydrogen Gas in the Small Magellanic Cloud Using Structure-function Analysis

Abstract

We investigate spatial variations of turbulent properties in the Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC) by using neutral hydrogen (H i) observations. With the goal of testing the importance of stellar feedback on H i turbulence, we define central and outer SMC regions based on the star formation rate (SFR) surface density, as well as the H i integrated intensity. We use the structure function and the velocity channel analysis to calculate the power-law index ( γ ) for both underlying density and velocity fields in these regions. In all cases, our results show essentially no difference in γ between the central and outer regions. This suggests that H i turbulent properties are surprisingly homogeneous across the SMC when probed at a resolution of 30 pc. Contrary to recent suggestions from numerical simulations, we do not find a significant change in γ due to stellar feedback as traced by the SFR surface density. This could be due to the stellar feedback being widespread over the whole of the SMC, but more likely due to a large-scale gravitational driving of turbulence. We show that the lack of difference between central and outer SMC regions cannot be explained by the high optical depth Hmore » I.« less

Authors:
; ; ;  [1]; ;  [2]
  1. Astronomy Department, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 475 North Charter Street, Madison, WI 53706-1582 (United States)
  2. Astronomy Department and Laboratory for Millimeter-wave Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22663271
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 845; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; DENSITY; FEEDBACK; HYDROGEN; MAGELLANIC CLOUDS; MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMICS; RESOLUTION; STARS; STRUCTURE FUNCTIONS; SURFACES; TURBULENCE; VELOCITY

Citation Formats

Nestingen-Palm, David, Stanimirović, Snežana, González-Casanova, Diego F., Babler, Brian, Jameson, Katherine, and Bolatto, Alberto, E-mail: sstanimi@astro.wisc.edu. Spatial Variations of Turbulent Properties of Neutral Hydrogen Gas in the Small Magellanic Cloud Using Structure-function Analysis. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/AA7E78.
Nestingen-Palm, David, Stanimirović, Snežana, González-Casanova, Diego F., Babler, Brian, Jameson, Katherine, & Bolatto, Alberto, E-mail: sstanimi@astro.wisc.edu. Spatial Variations of Turbulent Properties of Neutral Hydrogen Gas in the Small Magellanic Cloud Using Structure-function Analysis. United States. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/AA7E78.
Nestingen-Palm, David, Stanimirović, Snežana, González-Casanova, Diego F., Babler, Brian, Jameson, Katherine, and Bolatto, Alberto, E-mail: sstanimi@astro.wisc.edu. Thu . "Spatial Variations of Turbulent Properties of Neutral Hydrogen Gas in the Small Magellanic Cloud Using Structure-function Analysis". United States. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/AA7E78.
@article{osti_22663271,
title = {Spatial Variations of Turbulent Properties of Neutral Hydrogen Gas in the Small Magellanic Cloud Using Structure-function Analysis},
author = {Nestingen-Palm, David and Stanimirović, Snežana and González-Casanova, Diego F. and Babler, Brian and Jameson, Katherine and Bolatto, Alberto, E-mail: sstanimi@astro.wisc.edu},
abstractNote = {We investigate spatial variations of turbulent properties in the Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC) by using neutral hydrogen (H i) observations. With the goal of testing the importance of stellar feedback on H i turbulence, we define central and outer SMC regions based on the star formation rate (SFR) surface density, as well as the H i integrated intensity. We use the structure function and the velocity channel analysis to calculate the power-law index ( γ ) for both underlying density and velocity fields in these regions. In all cases, our results show essentially no difference in γ between the central and outer regions. This suggests that H i turbulent properties are surprisingly homogeneous across the SMC when probed at a resolution of 30 pc. Contrary to recent suggestions from numerical simulations, we do not find a significant change in γ due to stellar feedback as traced by the SFR surface density. This could be due to the stellar feedback being widespread over the whole of the SMC, but more likely due to a large-scale gravitational driving of turbulence. We show that the lack of difference between central and outer SMC regions cannot be explained by the high optical depth H I.},
doi = {10.3847/1538-4357/AA7E78},
journal = {Astrophysical Journal},
number = 1,
volume = 845,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Aug 10 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Thu Aug 10 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}