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Title: SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF MG-RICH EJECTA IN LMC SUPERNOVA REMNANT N49B

Abstract

The supernova remnant (SNR) N49B in the Large Magellanic Cloud is a peculiar example of a core-collapse SNR that shows the shocked metal-rich ejecta enriched only in Mg without evidence for a similar overabundance in O and Ne. Based on archival Chandra data, we present results from our extensive spatially resolved spectral analysis of N49B. We find that the Mg-rich ejecta gas extends from the central regions of the SNR out to the southeastern outermost boundary of the SNR. This elongated feature shows an overabundance for Mg similar to that of the main ejecta region at the SNR center, and its electron temperature appears to be higher than the central main ejecta gas. We estimate that the Mg mass in this southeastern elongated ejecta feature is ∼10% of the total Mg ejecta mass. Our estimated lower limit of >0.1 M {sub ⊙} on the total mass of the Mg-rich ejecta confirms the previously suggested large mass for the progenitor star ( M  ≳ 25 M {sub ⊙}). We entertain scenarios of an SNR expanding into a nonuniform medium and an energetic jet-driven supernova in an attempt to interpret these results. However, with the current results, the origins of the extended Mg-richmore » ejecta and the Mg-only-rich nature of the overall metal-rich ejecta in this SNR remain elusive.« less

Authors:
;  [1]
  1. Box 19059, Department of Physics, University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, TX 76019 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22661369
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 834; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; CURRENTS; ELECTRON TEMPERATURE; GRAVITATIONAL COLLAPSE; JETS; MAGELLANIC CLOUDS; MAGNESIUM; MASS; SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION; STARS; SUPERNOVA REMNANTS; X RADIATION

Citation Formats

Park, Sangwook, and Bhalerao, Jayant, E-mail: s.park@uta.edu. SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF MG-RICH EJECTA IN LMC SUPERNOVA REMNANT N49B. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/834/2/189.
Park, Sangwook, & Bhalerao, Jayant, E-mail: s.park@uta.edu. SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF MG-RICH EJECTA IN LMC SUPERNOVA REMNANT N49B. United States. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/834/2/189.
Park, Sangwook, and Bhalerao, Jayant, E-mail: s.park@uta.edu. Tue . "SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF MG-RICH EJECTA IN LMC SUPERNOVA REMNANT N49B". United States. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/834/2/189.
@article{osti_22661369,
title = {SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF MG-RICH EJECTA IN LMC SUPERNOVA REMNANT N49B},
author = {Park, Sangwook and Bhalerao, Jayant, E-mail: s.park@uta.edu},
abstractNote = {The supernova remnant (SNR) N49B in the Large Magellanic Cloud is a peculiar example of a core-collapse SNR that shows the shocked metal-rich ejecta enriched only in Mg without evidence for a similar overabundance in O and Ne. Based on archival Chandra data, we present results from our extensive spatially resolved spectral analysis of N49B. We find that the Mg-rich ejecta gas extends from the central regions of the SNR out to the southeastern outermost boundary of the SNR. This elongated feature shows an overabundance for Mg similar to that of the main ejecta region at the SNR center, and its electron temperature appears to be higher than the central main ejecta gas. We estimate that the Mg mass in this southeastern elongated ejecta feature is ∼10% of the total Mg ejecta mass. Our estimated lower limit of >0.1 M {sub ⊙} on the total mass of the Mg-rich ejecta confirms the previously suggested large mass for the progenitor star ( M  ≳ 25 M {sub ⊙}). We entertain scenarios of an SNR expanding into a nonuniform medium and an energetic jet-driven supernova in an attempt to interpret these results. However, with the current results, the origins of the extended Mg-rich ejecta and the Mg-only-rich nature of the overall metal-rich ejecta in this SNR remain elusive.},
doi = {10.3847/1538-4357/834/2/189},
journal = {Astrophysical Journal},
number = 2,
volume = 834,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Jan 10 00:00:00 EST 2017},
month = {Tue Jan 10 00:00:00 EST 2017}
}
  • We report on the discovery of X-ray-emitting O-Ne-Mg-rich ejecta in the middle-aged Galactic O-rich supernova remnant Puppis A with Chandra and XMM-Newton. We use line ratios to identify a low-ionization filament running parallel to the northeastern edge of the remnant that requires super-solar abundances, particularly for O, Ne, and Mg, which we interpret to be from O-Ne-Mg-rich ejecta. Abundance ratios of Ne/O, Mg/O, and Fe/O are measured to be {approx}2, {approx}2, and <0.3 times the solar values. Our spatially resolved spectral analysis from the northeastern rim to the western rim otherwise reveals sub-solar abundances consistent with those in the interstellarmore » medium. The filament is coincident with several optically emitting O-rich knots with high velocities. If these are physically related, the filament would be a peculiar fragment of ejecta. On the other hand, the morphology of the filament suggests that it may trace ejecta heated by a shock reflected strongly off the dense ambient clouds near the northeastern rim.« less
  • Data gathered with a CCD detector fitted to the 3 m telescope at Lick Observatory revealed peculiar filaments along the periphery of Cas A. The CCD was equipped with an H-alpha + forbidden N II filter and a red continuum filter. The filaments, associated with a compact radio source that is a SNR, exhibited features common to both fast-moving knots and quasi-stationary floculi. The features have radial velocities of +400 to -2200 km/sec, and are believed to be fragments of the photosphere at the moment of the supernova. 53 references.
  • We present mid-infrared (mid-IR; 5-40 {mu}m) spectra of shocked ejecta in the Galactic oxygen-rich supernova remnant (SNR) G292.0+1.8, acquired with the Infrared Spectrograph onboard the Spitzer Space Telescope. The observations targeted two positions within the brightest oxygen-rich feature in G292.0+1.8. Emission lines of [Ne II] {lambda}12.8, [Ne III] {lambda}{lambda}15.5,36.0, [Ne V] {lambda}24.3, and [O IV] {lambda}25.9 {mu}m are detected from the shocked ejecta. In marked contrast to what is observed in Cassiopeia A, no discernible mid-IR emission from heavier species such as Mg, Si, S, Ar, or Fe is detected in G292.0+1.8. We also detect a broad emission bump betweenmore » 15 and 28 {mu}m in spectra of the radiatively shocked O-rich ejecta in G292.0+1.8. We suggest that this feature arises from either shock-heated Mg{sub 2}SiO{sub 4} (forsterite) dust in the radiatively shocked O-rich ejecta or collisional excitation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the blast wave of the SNR. If the former interpretation is correct, this would be the first mid-IR detection of ejecta dust in G292.0+1.8. A featureless dust continuum is also detected from nonradiative shocks in the circumstellar medium around G292.0+1.8. The mid-IR continuum from these structures, which lack mid-IR line emission, is seen in Chandra images as bright X-ray filaments, is well described by a two-component silicate dust model. The temperature of the hot dust component (M {sub d} {approx} 2 x 10{sup -3} M {sub sun}) is {approx}115 K, while that of the cold component (roughly constrained to be {approx}<3 M {sub sun}) is {approx}35 K. We attribute the hot component to collisionally heated dust in the circumstellar shocks in G292.0+1.8, and attribute the cold component to dust heated by the hard FUV radiation from the circumstellar shocks. Using average O/Ne and O/Si mass ratios measured for a sample of ejecta knots in the X-rays, our models yield line strengths consistent with mass ratios M {sub O}/M {sub Ne} {approx} 3, M {sub O}/M {sub Si} {approx}> 61, and M {sub O}/M {sub S} {approx} 50. These ratios (especially the large O/Ne mass ratio) are difficult to reproduce with standard nucleosynthesis models of well-mixed supernova ejecta. This reinforces the conclusions of existing X-ray studies that the reverse shock in G292.0+1.8 is currently propagating into the hydrostatic nucleosynthetic layers of the progenitor star, and has not yet penetrated the layers dominated by explosive nucleosynthetic products.« less
  • Using the unprecedented spectral resolution of the reflection grating spectrometer (RGS) on board XMM-Newton, we reveal dynamics of X-ray-emitting ejecta in the oxygen-rich supernova remnant Puppis A. The RGS spectrum shows prominent K-shell lines, including O VII He{alpha} forbidden and resonance, O VIII Ly{alpha}, O VIII Ly{beta}, and Ne IX He{alpha} resonance, from an ejecta knot positionally coincident with an optical oxygen-rich filament (the so-called {Omega} filament) in the northeast of the remnant. We find that the line centroids are blueshifted by 1480 {+-} 140 {+-} 60 km s{sup -1} (the first and second term errors are measurement and calibrationmore » uncertainties, respectively), which is fully consistent with that of the optical {Omega} filament. Line broadening at 654 eV (corresponding to O VIII Ly{alpha}) is obtained to be {sigma} {approx}< 0.9 eV, indicating an oxygen temperature of {approx}< 30 keV. Analysis of XMM-Newton MOS spectra shows an electron temperature of {approx}0.8 keV and an ionization timescale of {approx}2 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 10} cm{sup -3} s. We show that the oxygen and electron temperatures as well as the ionization timescale can be reconciled if the ejecta knot was heated by a collisionless shock whose velocity is {approx}600-1200 km s{sup -1} and was subsequently equilibrated due to Coulomb interactions. The RGS spectrum also shows relatively weak K-shell lines of another ejecta feature located near the northeastern edge of the remnant, from which we measure redward Doppler velocities of 650 {+-} 70 {+-} 60 km s{sup -1}.« less
  • We have performed a deep Chandra observation of the Galactic Type Ia supernova remnant G299.2–2.9. Here we report the initial results from our imaging and spectral analysis. The observed abundance ratios of the central ejecta are in good agreement with those predicted by delayed-detonation Type Ia supernovae models. We reveal inhomogeneous spatial and spectral structures of metal-rich ejecta in G299.2–2.9. The Fe/Si abundance ratio in the northern part of the central ejecta region is higher than that in the southern part. A significant continuous elongation of ejecta material extends out to the western outermost boundary of the remnant. In this western elongation,more » both the Si and Fe are enriched with a similar abundance ratio to that in the southern part of the central ejecta region. These structured distributions of metal-rich ejecta material suggest that this Type Ia supernova might have undergone a significantly asymmetric explosion and/or has been expanding into a structured medium.« less