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Title: The Surface Brightness-color Relations Based on Eclipsing Binary Stars: Toward Precision Better than 1% in Angular Diameter Predictions

Abstract

In this study we investigate the calibration of surface brightness–color (SBC) relations based solely on eclipsing binary stars. We selected a sample of 35 detached eclipsing binaries with trigonometric parallaxes from Gaia DR1 or Hipparcos whose absolute dimensions are known with an accuracy better than 3% and that lie within 0.3 kpc from the Sun. For the purpose of this study, we used mostly homogeneous optical and near-infrared photometry based on the Tycho-2 and 2MASS catalogs. We derived geometric angular diameters for all stars in our sample with a precision better than 10%, and for 11 of them with a precision better than 2%. The precision of individual angular diameters of the eclipsing binary components is currently limited by the precision of the geometric distances (∼5% on average). However, by using a subsample of systems with the best agreement between their geometric and photometric distances, we derived the precise SBC relations based only on eclipsing binary stars. These relations have precisions that are comparable to the best available SBC relations based on interferometric angular diameters, and they are fully consistent with them. With very precise Gaia parallaxes becoming available in the near future, angular diameters with a precision better thanmore » 1% will be abundant. At that point, the main uncertainty in the total error budget of the SBC relations will come from transformations between different photometric systems, disentangling of component magnitudes, and for hot OB stars, the main uncertainty will come from the interstellar extinction determination. We argue that all these issues can be overcome with modern high-quality data and conclude that a precision better than 1% is entirely feasible.« less

Authors:
;  [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [7];  [8];  [9]
  1. Millennium Institute of Astrophysics (MAS) (Chile)
  2. Obserwatorium Astronomiczne, Uniwersytet Warszawski, Al. Ujazdowskie 4, 00-478, Warsaw (Poland)
  3. Universidad de Concepción, Departamento de Astronomia, Casilla 160-C, Concepción (Chile)
  4. Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam, An der Sternwarte 16, D-14482 Potsdam (Germany)
  5. Université Côte d’Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d’Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, UMR7293, Nice (France)
  6. European Southern Observatory, Alonso de Córdova 3107, Casilla 19001, Santiago 19 (Chile)
  7. Astrophysics Group, Keele University, Staffordshire, ST5 5BG (United Kingdom)
  8. Unidad Mixta Internacional Franco-Chilena de Astronomía (CNRS UMI 3386), Departamento de Astronomía, Universidad de Chile, Camino El Observatorio 1515, Las Condes, Santiago (Chile)
  9. Instytut Astronomiczny, Uniwersytet Wrocławski, Kopernika 11, 51-622 Wrocław (Poland)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22661341
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 837; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ACCURACY; BINARY STARS; BRIGHTNESS; CALIBRATION; CATALOGS; COLOR; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; DISTANCE; ECLIPSE; FORECASTING; PHOTOMETRY; SUN; SURFACES; TRANSFORMATIONS

Citation Formats

Graczyk, Dariusz, Gieren, Wolfgang, Konorski, Piotr, Pietrzyński, Grzegorz, Storm, Jesper, Nardetto, Nicolas, Gallenne, Alexandre, Maxted, Pierre F. L., Kervella, Pierre, and Kołaczkowski, Zbigniew, E-mail: darek@astro-udec.cl, E-mail: darek@ncac.torun.pl. The Surface Brightness-color Relations Based on Eclipsing Binary Stars: Toward Precision Better than 1% in Angular Diameter Predictions. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/AA5D56.
Graczyk, Dariusz, Gieren, Wolfgang, Konorski, Piotr, Pietrzyński, Grzegorz, Storm, Jesper, Nardetto, Nicolas, Gallenne, Alexandre, Maxted, Pierre F. L., Kervella, Pierre, & Kołaczkowski, Zbigniew, E-mail: darek@astro-udec.cl, E-mail: darek@ncac.torun.pl. The Surface Brightness-color Relations Based on Eclipsing Binary Stars: Toward Precision Better than 1% in Angular Diameter Predictions. United States. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/AA5D56.
Graczyk, Dariusz, Gieren, Wolfgang, Konorski, Piotr, Pietrzyński, Grzegorz, Storm, Jesper, Nardetto, Nicolas, Gallenne, Alexandre, Maxted, Pierre F. L., Kervella, Pierre, and Kołaczkowski, Zbigniew, E-mail: darek@astro-udec.cl, E-mail: darek@ncac.torun.pl. Wed . "The Surface Brightness-color Relations Based on Eclipsing Binary Stars: Toward Precision Better than 1% in Angular Diameter Predictions". United States. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/AA5D56.
@article{osti_22661341,
title = {The Surface Brightness-color Relations Based on Eclipsing Binary Stars: Toward Precision Better than 1% in Angular Diameter Predictions},
author = {Graczyk, Dariusz and Gieren, Wolfgang and Konorski, Piotr and Pietrzyński, Grzegorz and Storm, Jesper and Nardetto, Nicolas and Gallenne, Alexandre and Maxted, Pierre F. L. and Kervella, Pierre and Kołaczkowski, Zbigniew, E-mail: darek@astro-udec.cl, E-mail: darek@ncac.torun.pl},
abstractNote = {In this study we investigate the calibration of surface brightness–color (SBC) relations based solely on eclipsing binary stars. We selected a sample of 35 detached eclipsing binaries with trigonometric parallaxes from Gaia DR1 or Hipparcos whose absolute dimensions are known with an accuracy better than 3% and that lie within 0.3 kpc from the Sun. For the purpose of this study, we used mostly homogeneous optical and near-infrared photometry based on the Tycho-2 and 2MASS catalogs. We derived geometric angular diameters for all stars in our sample with a precision better than 10%, and for 11 of them with a precision better than 2%. The precision of individual angular diameters of the eclipsing binary components is currently limited by the precision of the geometric distances (∼5% on average). However, by using a subsample of systems with the best agreement between their geometric and photometric distances, we derived the precise SBC relations based only on eclipsing binary stars. These relations have precisions that are comparable to the best available SBC relations based on interferometric angular diameters, and they are fully consistent with them. With very precise Gaia parallaxes becoming available in the near future, angular diameters with a precision better than 1% will be abundant. At that point, the main uncertainty in the total error budget of the SBC relations will come from transformations between different photometric systems, disentangling of component magnitudes, and for hot OB stars, the main uncertainty will come from the interstellar extinction determination. We argue that all these issues can be overcome with modern high-quality data and conclude that a precision better than 1% is entirely feasible.},
doi = {10.3847/1538-4357/AA5D56},
journal = {Astrophysical Journal},
number = 1,
volume = 837,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Mar 01 00:00:00 EST 2017},
month = {Wed Mar 01 00:00:00 EST 2017}
}