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Title: Multiwavelength Variability Study of the Classical BL Lac Object PKS 0735+178 on Timescales Ranging from Decades to Minutes

Abstract

We present the results of our power spectral analysis for the BL Lac object PKS 0735+178, utilizing the Fermi -LAT survey at high-energy γ -rays, several ground-based optical telescopes, and single-dish radio telescopes operating at GHz frequencies. The novelty of our approach is that, by combining long-term and densely sampled intra-night light curves in the optical regime, we were able to construct for the first time the optical power spectrum of the blazar for a time domain extending from 23 years down to minutes. Our analysis reveals that: (1) the optical variability is consistent with a pure red noise, for which the power spectral density can be well approximated by a single power law throughout the entire time domain probed; (2) the slope of power spectral density at high-energy γ -rays (∼1) is significantly flatter than that found at radio and optical frequencies (∼2) within the corresponding time variability range; (3) for the derived power spectra, we did not detect any low-frequency flattening, nor do we see any evidence for cutoffs at the highest frequencies down to the noise floor levels due to measurement uncertainties. We interpret our findings in terms of a model where the blazar variability is generatedmore » by the underlying single stochastic process (at radio and optical frequencies), or a linear superposition of such processes (in the γ -ray regime). Along with the detailed PSD analysis, we also present the results of our extended (1998–2015) intra-night optical monitoring program and newly acquired optical photo-polarimetric data for the source.« less

Authors:
; ; ;  [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [6]
  1. Astronomical Observatory of Jagiellonian University, ul. Orla 171, 30-244 Kraków (Poland)
  2. Astronomical Institute of St. Petersburg State University, Petrodvorets 198504 (Russian Federation)
  3. Centre for Excellence in Basic Sciences (CEBS), University of Mumbai campus (Kalina), Mumbai 400098 (India)
  4. Department of Physics, The College of New Jersey, 2000 Pennington Road, Ewing, NJ 08628-0718 (United States)
  5. Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences (ARIES), Manora Peak, Nainital 263002 (India)
  6. Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (CSIC), Apartado 3004, E–18080 Granada (Spain)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22661291
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 837; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ACCELERATION; AIR POLLUTION ABATEMENT; APPROXIMATIONS; BL LACERTAE OBJECTS; GALAXIES; GAMMA RADIATION; GHZ RANGE; LAND POLLUTION ABATEMENT; MAGNETIC FIELDS; NOISE; RADIO TELESCOPES; SPECTRA; SPECTRAL DENSITY; STOCHASTIC PROCESSES; WATER POLLUTION ABATEMENT

Citation Formats

Goyal, Arti, Stawarz, Łukasz, Ostrowski, Michał, Soida, Marian, Larionov, Valeri, Gopal-Krishna, Wiita, Paul J., Joshi, Santosh, and Agudo, Iván, E-mail: arti@oa.uj.edu.pl. Multiwavelength Variability Study of the Classical BL Lac Object PKS 0735+178 on Timescales Ranging from Decades to Minutes. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/AA6000.
Goyal, Arti, Stawarz, Łukasz, Ostrowski, Michał, Soida, Marian, Larionov, Valeri, Gopal-Krishna, Wiita, Paul J., Joshi, Santosh, & Agudo, Iván, E-mail: arti@oa.uj.edu.pl. Multiwavelength Variability Study of the Classical BL Lac Object PKS 0735+178 on Timescales Ranging from Decades to Minutes. United States. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/AA6000.
Goyal, Arti, Stawarz, Łukasz, Ostrowski, Michał, Soida, Marian, Larionov, Valeri, Gopal-Krishna, Wiita, Paul J., Joshi, Santosh, and Agudo, Iván, E-mail: arti@oa.uj.edu.pl. Fri . "Multiwavelength Variability Study of the Classical BL Lac Object PKS 0735+178 on Timescales Ranging from Decades to Minutes". United States. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/AA6000.
@article{osti_22661291,
title = {Multiwavelength Variability Study of the Classical BL Lac Object PKS 0735+178 on Timescales Ranging from Decades to Minutes},
author = {Goyal, Arti and Stawarz, Łukasz and Ostrowski, Michał and Soida, Marian and Larionov, Valeri and Gopal-Krishna and Wiita, Paul J. and Joshi, Santosh and Agudo, Iván, E-mail: arti@oa.uj.edu.pl},
abstractNote = {We present the results of our power spectral analysis for the BL Lac object PKS 0735+178, utilizing the Fermi -LAT survey at high-energy γ -rays, several ground-based optical telescopes, and single-dish radio telescopes operating at GHz frequencies. The novelty of our approach is that, by combining long-term and densely sampled intra-night light curves in the optical regime, we were able to construct for the first time the optical power spectrum of the blazar for a time domain extending from 23 years down to minutes. Our analysis reveals that: (1) the optical variability is consistent with a pure red noise, for which the power spectral density can be well approximated by a single power law throughout the entire time domain probed; (2) the slope of power spectral density at high-energy γ -rays (∼1) is significantly flatter than that found at radio and optical frequencies (∼2) within the corresponding time variability range; (3) for the derived power spectra, we did not detect any low-frequency flattening, nor do we see any evidence for cutoffs at the highest frequencies down to the noise floor levels due to measurement uncertainties. We interpret our findings in terms of a model where the blazar variability is generated by the underlying single stochastic process (at radio and optical frequencies), or a linear superposition of such processes (in the γ -ray regime). Along with the detailed PSD analysis, we also present the results of our extended (1998–2015) intra-night optical monitoring program and newly acquired optical photo-polarimetric data for the source.},
doi = {10.3847/1538-4357/AA6000},
journal = {Astrophysical Journal},
number = 2,
volume = 837,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Mar 10 00:00:00 EST 2017},
month = {Fri Mar 10 00:00:00 EST 2017}
}