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Title: Transverse Oscillations in Slender Ca ii H Fibrils Observed with Sunrise/SuFI

Abstract

We present observations of transverse oscillations in slender Ca ii H fibrils (SCFs) in the lower solar chromosphere. We use a 1 hr long time series of high- (spatial and temporal-) resolution seeing-free observations in a 1.1 Å wide passband covering the line core of Ca ii H 3969 Å from the second flight of the Sunrise balloon-borne solar observatory. The entire field of view, spanning the polarity inversion line of an active region close to the solar disk center, is covered with bright, thin, and very dynamic fine structures. Our analysis reveals the prevalence of transverse waves in SCFs with median amplitudes and periods on the order of 2.4 ± 0.8 km s{sup −1} and 83 ± 29 s, respectively (with standard deviations given as uncertainties). We find that the transverse waves often propagate along (parts of) the SCFs with median phase speeds of 9 ± 14 km s{sup −1}. While the propagation is only in one direction along the axis in some of the SCFs, propagating waves in both directions, as well as standing waves are also observed. The transverse oscillations are likely Alfvénic and are thought to be representative of magnetohydrodynamic kink waves. The wave propagation suggests that the rapid high-frequency transverse waves, often produced in the lower photosphere,more » can penetrate into the chromosphere with an estimated energy flux of ≈15 kW m{sup −2}. Characteristics of these waves differ from those reported for other fibrillar structures, which, however, were observed mainly in the upper solar chromosphere.« less

Authors:
 [1]; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;  [2];  [3]; ;  [4];  [5];  [6]
  1. Institute of Theoretical Astrophysics, University of Oslo, P.O. Box 1029 Blindern, NO-0315 Oslo (Norway)
  2. Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Justus-von-Liebig-Weg 3, D-37077 Göttingen (Germany)
  3. Grupo de Astronomía y Ciencias del Espacio, Universidad de Valencia, E-46980 Paterna, Valencia (Spain)
  4. Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (CSIC), Apartado de Correos 3004, E-18080 Granada (Spain)
  5. High Altitude Observatory, National Center for Atmospheric Research, P.O. Box 3000, Boulder, CO 80307-3000 (United States)
  6. Kiepenheuer-Institut für Sonnenphysik, Schöneckstr. 6, D-79104 Freiburg (Germany)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22661236
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series; Journal Volume: 229; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ALFVEN WAVES; AMPLITUDES; BALLOONS; CALCIUM IONS; CHROMOSPHERE; FINE STRUCTURE; MAGNETIC FIELDS; MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMICS; OSCILLATIONS; PHOTOSPHERE; RESOLUTION; SPECTROSCOPY; STANDING WAVES; SUN; VELOCITY; WAVE PROPAGATION

Citation Formats

Jafarzadeh, S., Solanki, S. K., Gafeira, R., Noort, M. van, Barthol, P., Gandorfer, A., Gizon, L., Hirzberger, J., Riethmüller, T. L., Rodríguez, J. Blanco, Iniesta, J. C. del Toro, Suárez, D. Orozco, Knölker, M., and Schmidt, W., E-mail: shahin.jafarzadeh@astro.uio.no. Transverse Oscillations in Slender Ca ii H Fibrils Observed with Sunrise/SuFI. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.3847/1538-4365/229/1/9.
Jafarzadeh, S., Solanki, S. K., Gafeira, R., Noort, M. van, Barthol, P., Gandorfer, A., Gizon, L., Hirzberger, J., Riethmüller, T. L., Rodríguez, J. Blanco, Iniesta, J. C. del Toro, Suárez, D. Orozco, Knölker, M., & Schmidt, W., E-mail: shahin.jafarzadeh@astro.uio.no. Transverse Oscillations in Slender Ca ii H Fibrils Observed with Sunrise/SuFI. United States. doi:10.3847/1538-4365/229/1/9.
Jafarzadeh, S., Solanki, S. K., Gafeira, R., Noort, M. van, Barthol, P., Gandorfer, A., Gizon, L., Hirzberger, J., Riethmüller, T. L., Rodríguez, J. Blanco, Iniesta, J. C. del Toro, Suárez, D. Orozco, Knölker, M., and Schmidt, W., E-mail: shahin.jafarzadeh@astro.uio.no. Wed . "Transverse Oscillations in Slender Ca ii H Fibrils Observed with Sunrise/SuFI". United States. doi:10.3847/1538-4365/229/1/9.
@article{osti_22661236,
title = {Transverse Oscillations in Slender Ca ii H Fibrils Observed with Sunrise/SuFI},
author = {Jafarzadeh, S. and Solanki, S. K. and Gafeira, R. and Noort, M. van and Barthol, P. and Gandorfer, A. and Gizon, L. and Hirzberger, J. and Riethmüller, T. L. and Rodríguez, J. Blanco and Iniesta, J. C. del Toro and Suárez, D. Orozco and Knölker, M. and Schmidt, W., E-mail: shahin.jafarzadeh@astro.uio.no},
abstractNote = {We present observations of transverse oscillations in slender Ca ii H fibrils (SCFs) in the lower solar chromosphere. We use a 1 hr long time series of high- (spatial and temporal-) resolution seeing-free observations in a 1.1 Å wide passband covering the line core of Ca ii H 3969 Å from the second flight of the Sunrise balloon-borne solar observatory. The entire field of view, spanning the polarity inversion line of an active region close to the solar disk center, is covered with bright, thin, and very dynamic fine structures. Our analysis reveals the prevalence of transverse waves in SCFs with median amplitudes and periods on the order of 2.4 ± 0.8 km s{sup −1} and 83 ± 29 s, respectively (with standard deviations given as uncertainties). We find that the transverse waves often propagate along (parts of) the SCFs with median phase speeds of 9 ± 14 km s{sup −1}. While the propagation is only in one direction along the axis in some of the SCFs, propagating waves in both directions, as well as standing waves are also observed. The transverse oscillations are likely Alfvénic and are thought to be representative of magnetohydrodynamic kink waves. The wave propagation suggests that the rapid high-frequency transverse waves, often produced in the lower photosphere, can penetrate into the chromosphere with an estimated energy flux of ≈15 kW m{sup −2}. Characteristics of these waves differ from those reported for other fibrillar structures, which, however, were observed mainly in the upper solar chromosphere.},
doi = {10.3847/1538-4365/229/1/9},
journal = {Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series},
number = 1,
volume = 229,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Mar 01 00:00:00 EST 2017},
month = {Wed Mar 01 00:00:00 EST 2017}
}