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Title: The InterPlanetary Network Supplement to the Second Fermi GBM Catalog of Cosmic Gamma-Ray Bursts

Abstract

InterPlanetary Network (IPN) data are presented for the gamma-ray bursts in the second Fermi Gamma-Ray Burst Monitor (GBM) catalog. Of the 462 bursts in that catalog between 2010 July 12 and 2012 July 11, 428, or 93%, were observed by at least 1 other instrument in the 9-spacecraft IPN. Of the 428, the localizations of 165 could be improved by triangulation. For these bursts, triangulation gives one or more annuli whose half-widths vary between about 2.′3° and 16°, depending on the peak flux, fluence, time history, arrival direction, and the distance between the spacecraft. We compare the IPN localizations with the GBM 1 σ , 2 σ , and 3 σ error contours and find good agreement between them. The IPN 3 σ error boxes have areas between about 8 square arcminutes and 380 square degrees, and are an average of 2500 times smaller than the corresponding GBM 3 σ localizations. We identify four bursts in the IPN/GBM sample whose origins were given as “uncertain,” but may in fact be cosmic. This leads to an estimate of over 99% completeness for the GBM catalog.

Authors:
 [1]; ; ; ;  [2];  [3]; ;  [4];  [5];  [6]; ; ;  [7]; ; ; ; ;  [8]; ;  [9] more »; « less
  1. University of California, Berkeley, Space Sciences Laboratory, 7 Gauss Way, Berkeley, CA 94720-7450 (United States)
  2. Ioffe Institute, Politekhnicheskaya 26, St. Petersburg 194021 (Russian Federation)
  3. Vedeneeva 2-31, St. Petersburg (Russian Federation)
  4. University of Alabama in Huntsville, NSSTC, 320 Sparkman Drive, Huntsville, AL 35805 (United States)
  5. Universities Space Research Association, NSSTC, 320 Sparkman Drive, Huntsville, AL 35805 (United States)
  6. Applied Physics Laboratory, Johns Hopkins University, Laurel, MD 20723 (United States)
  7. University of Arizona, Department of Planetary Sciences, Tucson, Arizona 85721 (United States)
  8. Space Research Institute, 84/32, Profsoyuznaya, Moscow 117997 (Russian Federation)
  9. Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik, Giessenbachstrasse, Postfach 1312, Garching, D-85748 (Germany)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22661217
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series; Journal Volume: 229; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; CATALOGS; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; COSMIC GAMMA BURSTS; COSMIC PHOTONS; GAMMA RADIATION; INTERPLANETARY SPACE; MONITORS; SPACE VEHICLES

Citation Formats

Hurley, K., Aptekar, R. L., Golenetskii, S. V., Frederiks, D. D., Svinkin, D. S., Pal’shin, V. D., Briggs, M. S., Meegan, C., Connaughton, V., Goldsten, J., Boynton, W., Fellows, C., Harshman, K., Mitrofanov, I. G., Golovin, D. V., Kozyrev, A. S., Litvak, M. L., Sanin, A. B., Rau, A., Kienlin, A. von, E-mail: khurley@ssl.berkeley.edu, and and others. The InterPlanetary Network Supplement to the Second Fermi GBM Catalog of Cosmic Gamma-Ray Bursts. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.3847/1538-4365/229/2/31.
Hurley, K., Aptekar, R. L., Golenetskii, S. V., Frederiks, D. D., Svinkin, D. S., Pal’shin, V. D., Briggs, M. S., Meegan, C., Connaughton, V., Goldsten, J., Boynton, W., Fellows, C., Harshman, K., Mitrofanov, I. G., Golovin, D. V., Kozyrev, A. S., Litvak, M. L., Sanin, A. B., Rau, A., Kienlin, A. von, E-mail: khurley@ssl.berkeley.edu, & and others. The InterPlanetary Network Supplement to the Second Fermi GBM Catalog of Cosmic Gamma-Ray Bursts. United States. doi:10.3847/1538-4365/229/2/31.
Hurley, K., Aptekar, R. L., Golenetskii, S. V., Frederiks, D. D., Svinkin, D. S., Pal’shin, V. D., Briggs, M. S., Meegan, C., Connaughton, V., Goldsten, J., Boynton, W., Fellows, C., Harshman, K., Mitrofanov, I. G., Golovin, D. V., Kozyrev, A. S., Litvak, M. L., Sanin, A. B., Rau, A., Kienlin, A. von, E-mail: khurley@ssl.berkeley.edu, and and others. Sat . "The InterPlanetary Network Supplement to the Second Fermi GBM Catalog of Cosmic Gamma-Ray Bursts". United States. doi:10.3847/1538-4365/229/2/31.
@article{osti_22661217,
title = {The InterPlanetary Network Supplement to the Second Fermi GBM Catalog of Cosmic Gamma-Ray Bursts},
author = {Hurley, K. and Aptekar, R. L. and Golenetskii, S. V. and Frederiks, D. D. and Svinkin, D. S. and Pal’shin, V. D. and Briggs, M. S. and Meegan, C. and Connaughton, V. and Goldsten, J. and Boynton, W. and Fellows, C. and Harshman, K. and Mitrofanov, I. G. and Golovin, D. V. and Kozyrev, A. S. and Litvak, M. L. and Sanin, A. B. and Rau, A. and Kienlin, A. von, E-mail: khurley@ssl.berkeley.edu and and others},
abstractNote = {InterPlanetary Network (IPN) data are presented for the gamma-ray bursts in the second Fermi Gamma-Ray Burst Monitor (GBM) catalog. Of the 462 bursts in that catalog between 2010 July 12 and 2012 July 11, 428, or 93%, were observed by at least 1 other instrument in the 9-spacecraft IPN. Of the 428, the localizations of 165 could be improved by triangulation. For these bursts, triangulation gives one or more annuli whose half-widths vary between about 2.′3° and 16°, depending on the peak flux, fluence, time history, arrival direction, and the distance between the spacecraft. We compare the IPN localizations with the GBM 1 σ , 2 σ , and 3 σ error contours and find good agreement between them. The IPN 3 σ error boxes have areas between about 8 square arcminutes and 380 square degrees, and are an average of 2500 times smaller than the corresponding GBM 3 σ localizations. We identify four bursts in the IPN/GBM sample whose origins were given as “uncertain,” but may in fact be cosmic. This leads to an estimate of over 99% completeness for the GBM catalog.},
doi = {10.3847/1538-4365/229/2/31},
journal = {Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series},
number = 2,
volume = 229,
place = {United States},
year = {Sat Apr 01 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Sat Apr 01 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}
  • We present Interplanetary Network (IPN) data for the gamma-ray bursts in the first Fermi Gamma-Ray Burst Monitor (GBM) catalog. Of the 491 bursts in that catalog, covering 2008 July 12 to 2010 July 11, 427 were observed by at least one other instrument in the nine-spacecraft IPN. Of the 427, the localizations of 149 could be improved by arrival time analysis (or {sup t}riangulation{sup )}. For any given burst observed by the GBM and one other distant spacecraft, triangulation gives an annulus of possible arrival directions whose half-width varies between about 0.'4 and 32 Degree-Sign , depending on the intensity,more » time history, and arrival direction of the burst, as well as the distance between the spacecraft. We find that the IPN localizations intersect the 1{sigma} GBM error circles in only 52% of the cases, if no systematic uncertainty is assumed for the latter. If a 6 Degree-Sign systematic uncertainty is assumed and added in quadrature, the two localization samples agree about 87% of the time, as would be expected. If we then multiply the resulting error radii by a factor of three, the two samples agree in slightly over 98% of the cases, providing a good estimate of the GBM 3{sigma} error radius. The IPN 3{sigma} error boxes have areas between about 1 arcmin{sup 2} and 110 deg{sup 2}, and are, on the average, a factor of 180 smaller than the corresponding GBM localizations. We identify two bursts in the IPN/GBM sample that did not appear in the GBM catalog. In one case, the GBM triggered on a terrestrial gamma flash, and in the other, its origin was given as ''uncertain''. We also discuss the sensitivity and calibration of the IPN.« less
  • We present Interplanetary Network localization information for 343 gamma-ray bursts observed by the Burst and Transient Source Experiment (BATSE) between the end of the 4th BATSE catalog and the end of the Compton Gamma-Ray Observatory (CGRO) mission, obtained by analyzing the arrival times of these bursts at the Ulysses, Near Earth Asteroid Rendezvous (NEAR), and CGRO spacecraft. For any given burst observed by CGRO and one other spacecraft, arrival time analysis (or 'triangulation') results in an annulus of possible arrival directions whose half-width varies between 11 arcsec and 21{sup 0}, depending on the intensity, time history, and arrival direction ofmore » the burst, as well as the distance between the spacecraft. This annulus generally intersects the BATSE error circle, resulting in an average reduction of the area of a factor of 20. When all three spacecraft observe a burst, the result is an error box whose area varies between 1 and 48,000 arcmin{sup 2}, resulting in an average reduction of the BATSE error circle area of a factor of 87.« less
  • A catalog of 84 gamma-ray bursts which occurred between September 14, 1978 and February 13, 1980 is presented. The data presented consist of earth crossing times, given to about the nearest second, and time histories, in the tens of keV to MeV range, for all 84 events, as well as localizations for 80 of the events. The localizations, derived from arrival-time analysis, are given as single error boxes, double error boxes, or annuli of location, and, where possible, have been compared to the Konus localizations. They range in size from less than a square arcminute to over 1000 square degrees.more » The fluences of the bursts cataloged are in the range 3 x 10 to the -7th ergs/sq cm and above. 32 references.« less
  • This is the second of a series of catalogs of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) observed with the Fermi Gamma-ray Burst Monitor (GBM). It extends the first two-year catalog by two more years, resulting in an overall list of 953 GBM triggered GRBs. The intention of the GBM GRB catalog is to provide information to the community on the most important observables of the GBM detected GRBs. For each GRB the location and main characteristics of the prompt emission, the duration, peak flux and fluence are derived. The latter two quantities are calculated for the 50-300 keV energy band, where the maximummore » energy release of GRBs in the instrument reference system is observed and also for a broader energy band from 10-1000 keV, exploiting the full energy range of GBMs low-energy detectors. Furthermore, information is given on the settings and modifications of the triggering criteria and exceptional operational conditions during years three and four in the mission. This second catalog is an official product of the Fermi GBM science team, and the data files containing the complete results are available from the High-Energy Astrophysics Science Archive Research Center.« less
  • Between 2000 November and 2006 May, one or more spacecraft of the interplanetary network (IPN) detected 226 cosmic gamma-ray bursts that were also detected by the French Gamma-Ray Telescope experiment on board the High Energy Transient Experiment 2 spacecraft. During this period, the IPN consisted of up to nine spacecraft, and using triangulation, the localizations of 157 bursts were obtained. We present the IPN localization data on these events.