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Title: Spin orientations of the spin-half Ir{sup 4+} ions in Sr{sub 3}NiIrO{sub 6}, Sr{sub 2}IrO{sub 4}, and Na{sub 2}IrO{sub 3}: Density functional, perturbation theory, and Madelung potential analyses

Abstract

The spins of the low-spin Ir{sup 4+} (S = 1/2, d{sup 5}) ions at the octahedral sites of the oxides Sr{sub 3}NiIrO{sub 6}, Sr{sub 2}IrO{sub 4}, and Na{sub 2}IrO{sub 3} exhibit preferred orientations with respect to their IrO{sub 6} octahedra. We evaluated the magnetic anisotropies of these S = 1/2 ions on the basis of density functional theory (DFT) calculations including spin-orbit coupling (SOC), and probed their origin by performing perturbation theory analyses with SOC as perturbation within the LS coupling scheme. The observed spin orientations of Sr{sub 3}NiIrO{sub 6} and Sr{sub 2}IrO{sub 4} are correctly predicted by DFT calculations, and are accounted for by the perturbation theory analysis. As for the spin orientation of Na{sub 2}IrO{sub 3}, both experimental studies and DFT calculations have not been unequivocal. Our analysis reveals that the Ir{sup 4+} spin orientation of Na{sub 2}IrO{sub 3} should have nonzero components along the c- and a-axis directions. The spin orientations determined by DFT calculations are sensitive to the accuracy of the crystal structures employed, which is explained by perturbation theory analyses when interactions between adjacent Ir{sup 4+} ions are taken into consideration. There are indications implying that the 5d electrons of Na{sub 2}IrO{sub 3} are lessmore » strongly localized compared with those of Sr{sub 3}NiIrO{sub 6} and Sr{sub 2}IrO{sub 4}. This implication was confirmed by showing that the Madelung potentials of the Ir{sup 4+} ions are less negative in Na{sub 2}IrO{sub 3} than in Sr{sub 3}NiIrO{sub 6} and Sr{sub 2}IrO{sub 4}. Most transition-metal S = 1/2 ions do have magnetic anisotropies because the SOC induces interactions among their crystal-field split d-states, and the associated mixing of the states modifies only the orbital parts of the states. This finding cannot be mimicked by a spin Hamiltonian because this model Hamiltonian lacks the orbital degree of freedom, thereby leading to the spin-half syndrome. The spin-orbital entanglement for the 5d spin-half ions Ir{sup 4+} is not as strong as has been assumed.« less

Authors:
;  [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. Department of Chemistry, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695-8204 (United States)
  2. Key Laboratory of Computational Physical Sciences (Ministry of Education), State Key Laboratory of Surface Physics, Collaborative Innovation Center of Advanced Microstructures, and Department of Physics, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433 (China)
  3. Max-Planck-Institut für Festkörperforschung, D-70569 Stuttgart (Germany)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22660822
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Chemical Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 144; Journal Issue: 11; Other Information: (c) 2016 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0021-9606
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; CRYSTAL STRUCTURE; D STATES; DEGREES OF FREEDOM; DENSITY FUNCTIONAL METHOD; DISTURBANCES; EXPERIMENTAL DATA; IRIDIUM IONS; L-S COUPLING; OXIDES; PERTURBATION THEORY; SODIUM COMPOUNDS; SPIN ORIENTATION; STRONTIUM COMPOUNDS; TRANSITION ELEMENTS

Citation Formats

Gordon, Elijah E., Whangbo, Myung-Hwan, Xiang, Hongjun, Collaborative Innovation Center of Advanced Microstructures, Nanjing 210093, and Köhler, Jürgen. Spin orientations of the spin-half Ir{sup 4+} ions in Sr{sub 3}NiIrO{sub 6}, Sr{sub 2}IrO{sub 4}, and Na{sub 2}IrO{sub 3}: Density functional, perturbation theory, and Madelung potential analyses. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4943889.
Gordon, Elijah E., Whangbo, Myung-Hwan, Xiang, Hongjun, Collaborative Innovation Center of Advanced Microstructures, Nanjing 210093, & Köhler, Jürgen. Spin orientations of the spin-half Ir{sup 4+} ions in Sr{sub 3}NiIrO{sub 6}, Sr{sub 2}IrO{sub 4}, and Na{sub 2}IrO{sub 3}: Density functional, perturbation theory, and Madelung potential analyses. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4943889.
Gordon, Elijah E., Whangbo, Myung-Hwan, Xiang, Hongjun, Collaborative Innovation Center of Advanced Microstructures, Nanjing 210093, and Köhler, Jürgen. Mon . "Spin orientations of the spin-half Ir{sup 4+} ions in Sr{sub 3}NiIrO{sub 6}, Sr{sub 2}IrO{sub 4}, and Na{sub 2}IrO{sub 3}: Density functional, perturbation theory, and Madelung potential analyses". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4943889.
@article{osti_22660822,
title = {Spin orientations of the spin-half Ir{sup 4+} ions in Sr{sub 3}NiIrO{sub 6}, Sr{sub 2}IrO{sub 4}, and Na{sub 2}IrO{sub 3}: Density functional, perturbation theory, and Madelung potential analyses},
author = {Gordon, Elijah E. and Whangbo, Myung-Hwan and Xiang, Hongjun and Collaborative Innovation Center of Advanced Microstructures, Nanjing 210093 and Köhler, Jürgen},
abstractNote = {The spins of the low-spin Ir{sup 4+} (S = 1/2, d{sup 5}) ions at the octahedral sites of the oxides Sr{sub 3}NiIrO{sub 6}, Sr{sub 2}IrO{sub 4}, and Na{sub 2}IrO{sub 3} exhibit preferred orientations with respect to their IrO{sub 6} octahedra. We evaluated the magnetic anisotropies of these S = 1/2 ions on the basis of density functional theory (DFT) calculations including spin-orbit coupling (SOC), and probed their origin by performing perturbation theory analyses with SOC as perturbation within the LS coupling scheme. The observed spin orientations of Sr{sub 3}NiIrO{sub 6} and Sr{sub 2}IrO{sub 4} are correctly predicted by DFT calculations, and are accounted for by the perturbation theory analysis. As for the spin orientation of Na{sub 2}IrO{sub 3}, both experimental studies and DFT calculations have not been unequivocal. Our analysis reveals that the Ir{sup 4+} spin orientation of Na{sub 2}IrO{sub 3} should have nonzero components along the c- and a-axis directions. The spin orientations determined by DFT calculations are sensitive to the accuracy of the crystal structures employed, which is explained by perturbation theory analyses when interactions between adjacent Ir{sup 4+} ions are taken into consideration. There are indications implying that the 5d electrons of Na{sub 2}IrO{sub 3} are less strongly localized compared with those of Sr{sub 3}NiIrO{sub 6} and Sr{sub 2}IrO{sub 4}. This implication was confirmed by showing that the Madelung potentials of the Ir{sup 4+} ions are less negative in Na{sub 2}IrO{sub 3} than in Sr{sub 3}NiIrO{sub 6} and Sr{sub 2}IrO{sub 4}. Most transition-metal S = 1/2 ions do have magnetic anisotropies because the SOC induces interactions among their crystal-field split d-states, and the associated mixing of the states modifies only the orbital parts of the states. This finding cannot be mimicked by a spin Hamiltonian because this model Hamiltonian lacks the orbital degree of freedom, thereby leading to the spin-half syndrome. The spin-orbital entanglement for the 5d spin-half ions Ir{sup 4+} is not as strong as has been assumed.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4943889},
journal = {Journal of Chemical Physics},
issn = {0021-9606},
number = 11,
volume = 144,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {3}
}

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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    First-principles calculation of spin and orbital contributions to magnetically ordered moments in Sr 2 IrO 4
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