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Title: Enhanced photocatalytic activity of Te-doped Bi{sub 2}MoO{sub 6} under visible light irradiation: Effective separation of photogenerated carriers resulted from inhomogeneous lattice distortion and improved electron capturing ability

Abstract

Te-doped Bi{sub 2}MoO{sub 6} photocatalyst was hydrothermally synthesized, and nonmetal atoms Te were homogeneously incorporated into Bi{sub 2}MoO{sub 6} lattice with the substitution of Te{sup 4+} to Mo{sup 6+}. With increasing Te-doping concentration in Bi{sub 2}MoO{sub 6}, no detectable band-gap narrowing but more and more severe inhomogeneous lattice distortions were determined. The activity of Bi{sub 2}MoO{sub 6} photocatalyst was evaluated through methylene blue degradation under visible light irradiation (λ>410 nm) and was greatly enhanced by Te-doping. When Te-doped Bi{sub 2}MoO{sub 6} was synthesized at Te/Mo molar ratio of 7.5%, a maximum first-order rate constant of methylene blue degradation was obtained. The inhomogeneous lattice distortion generated an internal dipole moment, and the holes generated with the substitution of Te{sup 4+} to Mo{sup 6+} acted as the capturing centers of photogenerated electrons, thus the effective separation of photogenerated carriers was facilitated to result in a relatively high concentration of holes on the surface of Te-doped Bi{sub 2}MoO{sub 6} to be favorable for the efficient methylene blue degradation. - Graphical abstract: With the substitution of Te{sup 4+} to Mo{sup 6+}, effective separation of photogenerated carriers resulted from inhomogeneous lattice distortion and improved electron capturing ability is achieved to be responsible for enhanced photocatalyticmore » activity of Te-doped Bi{sub 2}MoO{sub 6}. - Highlights: • Nonmetal Te is incorporated into Bi{sub 2}MoO{sub 6} with the substitution of Te{sup 4+} to Mo{sup 6+}. • Revealing inhomogeneous lattice distortion and improved electron capturing ability. • Effective separation of photogenerated carriers in Te-doped Bi{sub 2}MoO{sub 6} is achieved. • The mechanism of methylene blue degradation over Te-doped Bi{sub 2}MoO{sub 6} is proposed.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22658268
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Solid State Chemistry; Journal Volume: 249; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2017 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; BISMUTH COMPOUNDS; DIPOLE MOMENTS; DOPED MATERIALS; ELECTRON CAPTURE; EXPERIMENTAL DATA; HYDROTHERMAL SYNTHESIS; IRRADIATION; METHYLENE BLUE; MOLYBDATES; MOLYBDENUM IONS; PHOTOCATALYSIS; REACTION KINETICS; TELLURIUM COMPOUNDS

Citation Formats

Chen, Shuguang, E-mail: csustcsg@yahoo.com, Li, Yuhan, Wu, Zixu, Wu, Baoxin, Li, Haibin, and Li, Fujin. Enhanced photocatalytic activity of Te-doped Bi{sub 2}MoO{sub 6} under visible light irradiation: Effective separation of photogenerated carriers resulted from inhomogeneous lattice distortion and improved electron capturing ability. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1016/J.JSSC.2017.02.027.
Chen, Shuguang, E-mail: csustcsg@yahoo.com, Li, Yuhan, Wu, Zixu, Wu, Baoxin, Li, Haibin, & Li, Fujin. Enhanced photocatalytic activity of Te-doped Bi{sub 2}MoO{sub 6} under visible light irradiation: Effective separation of photogenerated carriers resulted from inhomogeneous lattice distortion and improved electron capturing ability. United States. doi:10.1016/J.JSSC.2017.02.027.
Chen, Shuguang, E-mail: csustcsg@yahoo.com, Li, Yuhan, Wu, Zixu, Wu, Baoxin, Li, Haibin, and Li, Fujin. Mon . "Enhanced photocatalytic activity of Te-doped Bi{sub 2}MoO{sub 6} under visible light irradiation: Effective separation of photogenerated carriers resulted from inhomogeneous lattice distortion and improved electron capturing ability". United States. doi:10.1016/J.JSSC.2017.02.027.
@article{osti_22658268,
title = {Enhanced photocatalytic activity of Te-doped Bi{sub 2}MoO{sub 6} under visible light irradiation: Effective separation of photogenerated carriers resulted from inhomogeneous lattice distortion and improved electron capturing ability},
author = {Chen, Shuguang, E-mail: csustcsg@yahoo.com and Li, Yuhan and Wu, Zixu and Wu, Baoxin and Li, Haibin and Li, Fujin},
abstractNote = {Te-doped Bi{sub 2}MoO{sub 6} photocatalyst was hydrothermally synthesized, and nonmetal atoms Te were homogeneously incorporated into Bi{sub 2}MoO{sub 6} lattice with the substitution of Te{sup 4+} to Mo{sup 6+}. With increasing Te-doping concentration in Bi{sub 2}MoO{sub 6}, no detectable band-gap narrowing but more and more severe inhomogeneous lattice distortions were determined. The activity of Bi{sub 2}MoO{sub 6} photocatalyst was evaluated through methylene blue degradation under visible light irradiation (λ>410 nm) and was greatly enhanced by Te-doping. When Te-doped Bi{sub 2}MoO{sub 6} was synthesized at Te/Mo molar ratio of 7.5%, a maximum first-order rate constant of methylene blue degradation was obtained. The inhomogeneous lattice distortion generated an internal dipole moment, and the holes generated with the substitution of Te{sup 4+} to Mo{sup 6+} acted as the capturing centers of photogenerated electrons, thus the effective separation of photogenerated carriers was facilitated to result in a relatively high concentration of holes on the surface of Te-doped Bi{sub 2}MoO{sub 6} to be favorable for the efficient methylene blue degradation. - Graphical abstract: With the substitution of Te{sup 4+} to Mo{sup 6+}, effective separation of photogenerated carriers resulted from inhomogeneous lattice distortion and improved electron capturing ability is achieved to be responsible for enhanced photocatalytic activity of Te-doped Bi{sub 2}MoO{sub 6}. - Highlights: • Nonmetal Te is incorporated into Bi{sub 2}MoO{sub 6} with the substitution of Te{sup 4+} to Mo{sup 6+}. • Revealing inhomogeneous lattice distortion and improved electron capturing ability. • Effective separation of photogenerated carriers in Te-doped Bi{sub 2}MoO{sub 6} is achieved. • The mechanism of methylene blue degradation over Te-doped Bi{sub 2}MoO{sub 6} is proposed.},
doi = {10.1016/J.JSSC.2017.02.027},
journal = {Journal of Solid State Chemistry},
number = ,
volume = 249,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon May 15 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Mon May 15 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}
  • Highlights: • The SiO{sub 2}/Bi{sub 2}MoO{sub 6} composite photocatalysts were synthesized. • SiO{sub 2}/Bi{sub 2}MoO{sub 6} showed better photocatalytic performance than pure SiO{sub 2} and Bi{sub 2}MoO{sub 6}. • The photocatalytic mechanism of SiO{sub 2}/Bi{sub 2}MoO{sub 6} composite was also proposed. - Abstract: The effect of SiO{sub 2} nanoparticles on Bi{sub 2}MoO{sub 6} photocatalytic performance was described. The results indicated that SiO{sub 2} nanospheres were dispersed on Bi{sub 2}MoO{sub 6} nanosheets to form heterostructures with higher specific surface area and more intensive absorption within the visible light range in comparison with pure Bi{sub 2}MoO{sub 6}. These excellent structural and spectralmore » properties endowed the SiO{sub 2}–Bi{sub 2}MoO{sub 6} composites with enhanced photocatalytic activities. The photocatalytic results for the degradation of Rhodamine B (Rh B) indicated that the most active composite proportion is 13.4%SiO{sub 2}–Bi{sub 2}MoO{sub 6}. The high visible light photocatalytic performance was attributed to the synergistic effect between SiO{sub 2} and Bi{sub 2}MoO{sub 6}, intensive absorption within the visible light range, and high specific surface area. It was also found that the photodegradation of Rh B molecules is mainly attributed to the oxidation action of the generated O{sub 2}·{sup −} radicals and partly to the action of h{sub vb}{sup +} through direct hole oxidation process.« less
  • In this work, a novel quaternary heterostructured Ag–Bi{sub 2}O{sub 2}CO{sub 3}/Bi{sub 3.64}Mo{sub 0.36}O{sub 6.55}/Bi{sub 2}MoO{sub 6} composite was fabricated through a low-temperature solution-phase route. The XRD, SEM, EDX and XPS results indicated the as-prepared sample is a four-phase composite of Bi{sub 2}O{sub 2}CO{sub 3}, Bi{sub 3.64}Mo{sub 0.36}O{sub 6.55}, Bi{sub 2}MoO{sub 6}, and Ag. The photocatalytic activities of the as-synthesized samples were evaluated towards the degradation of phenol red aqueous solution. The results showed that the as-synthesized Ag–Bi{sub 2}O{sub 2}CO{sub 3}/Bi{sub 3.64}Mo{sub 0.36}O{sub 6.55}/Bi{sub 2}MoO{sub 6} photocatalysts displayed much higher photocatalytic activities in comparison with pure Bi{sub 3.64}Mo{sub 0.36}O{sub 6.55}, puremore » Bi{sub 2}MoO{sub 6}, and Bi{sub 3.64}Mo{sub 0.36}O{sub 6.55}/Bi{sub 2}MoO{sub 6} composite. Among them, the 2.5% Ag–Bi{sub 2}O{sub 2}CO{sub 3}/Bi{sub 3.64}Mo{sub 0.36}O{sub 6.55}/Bi{sub 2}MoO{sub 6} sample performed the best. The enhanced photocatalytic activity of the composite photocatalyst was attributed predominantly to the efficient separation of photoinduced electrons and holes. In addition, Ag nanoparticles were photodeposited on the surface of the composite to increase visible-light absorption via the surface plasmon resonance, which is also beneficial to the enhancement of photocatalytic performance. The possible photocatalytic mechanism of the quaternary heterostructure was also discussed in detail. - Graphical abstract: Quaternary heterostructured Ag–Bi{sub 2}O{sub 2}CO{sub 3}/Bi{sub 3.64}Mo{sub 0.36}O{sub 6.55}/Bi{sub 2}MoO{sub 6} were fabricated. The as-synthesized Ag–Bi{sub 2}O{sub 2}CO{sub 3}/Bi{sub 3.64}Mo{sub 0.36}O{sub 6.55}/Bi{sub 2}MoO{sub 6} photocatalysts displayed much higher photocatalytic activities in comparison with pure Bi{sub 3.64}Mo{sub 0.36}O{sub 6.55}, pure Bi{sub 2}MoO{sub 6}, and Bi{sub 3.64}Mo{sub 0.36}O{sub 6.55}/Bi{sub 2}MoO{sub 6} composite. - Highlights: • Quaternary heterostructured Ag–Bi{sub 2}O{sub 2}CO{sub 3}/Bi{sub 3.64}Mo{sub 0.36}O{sub 6.55}/Bi{sub 2}MoO{sub 6} composites were fabricated. • Ag–Bi{sub 2}O{sub 2}CO{sub 3}/Bi{sub 3.64}Mo{sub 0.36}O{sub 6.55}/Bi{sub 2}MoO{sub 6} samples were characterized by various characterization technologies. • Ag–Bi{sub 2}O{sub 2}CO{sub 3}/Bi{sub 3.64}Mo{sub 0.36}O{sub 6.55}/Bi{sub 2}MoO{sub 6} composites presented excellent photocatalytic performances.« less
  • Visible-light-driven (VLD) Yttrium (Y) ion doped Bi{sub 2}WO{sub 6} photocatalyst has been synthesized via a facile hydrothermal route. Incorporation of Y{sup 3} {sup +} into Bi{sub 2}WO{sub 6} lattice was successfully confirmed by X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and ICP analysis. The microstructure and optical property of the as-prepared samples have been characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), nitrogen adsorption–desorption isotherm and UV–vis diffuse reflectance spectra (DRS). The photocatalytic experiments indicated that the Y-Bi{sub 2}WO{sub 6} showed a much higher photocatalytic activity than the pristine Bi{sub 2}WO{sub 6} for the degradation of Rhodamine Bmore » (RhB) and photocurrent (PC) generation. This enhancement should be ascribed to the slightly increased band gap and the generated defects by Y{sup 3} {sup +} doping, thus resulting in a much lower recombination rate of the photoinduced electrons and holes. Such a process was verified by the photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy. In addition, the active species trapping experiments indicated that holes (h{sup +}) and superoxide radicals (·O{sub 2}{sup −}) play important roles in the photocatalytic reaction. - Highlights: • Novel Y-Bi{sub 2}WO{sub 6} photocatalyst has been synthesized by a facile hydrothermal route. • Y-Bi{sub 2}WO{sub 6} exhibits a much higher photocatalytic activity than pristine Bi{sub 2}WO{sub 6}. • Holes (h{sup +}) and superoxide radicals (·O{sub 2}{sup −}) are the two main active species. • Y{sup 3} {sup +} ion can result in a low recombination of photogenerated electron and hole.« less
  • Graphical abstract: γ-Bi2MoO6 nanoflakes were successfully synthesized by a mixed-solvothermal process. The visible-light-responsive photocatalytic activities of the obtained γ-Bi2MoO6 nanoflakes were evaluated by photodegradation of Rhodamie B under visible light. The high degradation efficiency of RhB was attributed to the good crystallization and flake-like morphology of γ-Bi2MoO6 nanostructures, which is in accord with the photocurrent result. - Highlights: • γ-Bi{sub 2}MoO{sub 6} nanoflakes were obtained by a mixed-solvothermal process with SDBS as surfactant. • The photocurrent test was taken to characterize the photocatalytic activity. • The nanopowders exhibit high efficient photocatalytic activity under visibile-light irradiation. - Abstract: γ-Bi{sub 2}MoO{sub 6}more » nanoflakes were successfully synthesized by a mixed-solvothermal process with SDBS involved in the reaction. The as-prepared γ-Bi{sub 2}MoO{sub 6} was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and UV–vis absorption spectroscopy. The effect of different ratio of solvents on the resulting products was investigated. The visible-light-responsive photocatalytic activities of the obtained γ-Bi{sub 2}MoO{sub 6} nanoflakes were evaluated by photodegradation of Rhodamie B under visible light (λ > 400 nm). The high degradation efficiency of RhB was attributed to the good crystallization and flake-like morphology of γ-Bi{sub 2}MoO{sub 6} nanostructures, which is in accord with the photocurrent result.« less
  • Highlights: • Ag doped/dispersed Bi{sub 4}Ti{sub 3}O{sub 12} nanoparticles synthesized sonochemically. • Undoped Bi{sub 4}Ti{sub 3}O{sub 12} exhibited 100% RhB degradation in 45 min under UV light. • Under visible light 100% RhB degradation occured with Bi{sub 4}Ti{sub 3}O{sub 12} in 150 min. • Improved photodegradation of RhB by Ag doped Bi{sub 4}Ti{sub 3}O{sub 12} in visible light. • The Bi{sub 4}Ti{sub 3}O{sub 12}:Ag(5%) sample photodegrades RhB from wastewater under sunlight. - Abstract: Unmodified and Ag modified Bi{sub 4}Ti{sub 3}O{sub 12}:Ag(x%) (x = 2 and 5) nanoparticles have been synthesized sonochemically and characterized using X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS),more » Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) surface area analysis, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersion X-ray spectrum (EDS) analysis, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and UV–vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. In the presence of unmodified Bi{sub 4}Ti{sub 3}O{sub 12} nanoparticles, complete photocatalytic degradation of Rhodamine B (RhB) was observed under UV light within 45 min. However, the response of this material for photodegradation of RhB under visible light was poor and could be greatly enhanced with Ag modification. A possible mechanism for this observation has been discussed in detail. The reusability of the material has also been tested and it has been found to have favorable recycling capability. Moreover, the Ag- modified Bi{sub 4}Ti{sub 3}O{sub 12} has been tested for RhB degradation from a wastewater sample under sunlight and promising results have been obtained.« less