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Title: Electroless nickel – phosphorus coating on crab shell particles and its characterization

Abstract

Being hydrophilic material, crab shell particles have only a limited number of applications. It is, therefore, necessary to modify the surface of the crab shell particles. To make them useful ever for the applications, the main theme we proposed in this article is to utilize crab shell particles (CSP) with the core coated with nickel phosphorus (NiP) as a shell using the electroless coating process. For dealing with serious environmental problems, utilization of waste bio-shells is always an important factor to be considered. Chelating ability of crab shell particles eliminates the surface activation in this work proceeding to the coating process. The functional group, phase structure, microstructure, chemical composition and thermal analysis of CSP and NiP/CSP were characterized using Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy (FTIR), x-ray diffraction analyzer (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDS), and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The combination of an amorphous and crystalline structure was exhibited by CSP and NiP/CSP. NiP/CSP has shown a better thermal stability when compared to uncoated CSP. Stability test, adsorption test, and conductivity test were conducted for the study of adsorption behavior and conductivity of the particles. CSP presented a hydrophilic property in contrast to hydrophobic NiP/CSP. NiP/CSP presented a conductivitymore » of about 44% greater compared to the CSP without any fluctuations. - Highlights: • Utilization of crab shell waste is focused on. • NiP coating on crab shell particle is fabricated using electroless process. • Thermal analysis, stability test, adsorption test and conductivity test were done. • Organic matrix of crab shell particle favors the coating process. • Results demonstrate the characterization of CSP core – NiP shell structure.« less

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22658242
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Solid State Chemistry; Journal Volume: 248; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2017 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; ADSORPTION; CHELATING AGENTS; CHEMICAL COMPOSITION; CRABS; FOURIER TRANSFORMATION; INFRARED SPECTRA; NICKEL PHOSPHIDES; PARTICLES; PHOSPHORUS; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; SURFACE COATING; THERMAL GRAVIMETRIC ANALYSIS; X-RAY DIFFRACTION; X-RAY SPECTROSCOPY

Citation Formats

Arulvel, S., E-mail: gs.arulvel.research@gmail.com, Elayaperumal, A., and Jagatheeshwaran, M.S.. Electroless nickel – phosphorus coating on crab shell particles and its characterization. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1016/J.JSSC.2017.02.001.
Arulvel, S., E-mail: gs.arulvel.research@gmail.com, Elayaperumal, A., & Jagatheeshwaran, M.S.. Electroless nickel – phosphorus coating on crab shell particles and its characterization. United States. doi:10.1016/J.JSSC.2017.02.001.
Arulvel, S., E-mail: gs.arulvel.research@gmail.com, Elayaperumal, A., and Jagatheeshwaran, M.S.. Sat . "Electroless nickel – phosphorus coating on crab shell particles and its characterization". United States. doi:10.1016/J.JSSC.2017.02.001.
@article{osti_22658242,
title = {Electroless nickel – phosphorus coating on crab shell particles and its characterization},
author = {Arulvel, S., E-mail: gs.arulvel.research@gmail.com and Elayaperumal, A. and Jagatheeshwaran, M.S.},
abstractNote = {Being hydrophilic material, crab shell particles have only a limited number of applications. It is, therefore, necessary to modify the surface of the crab shell particles. To make them useful ever for the applications, the main theme we proposed in this article is to utilize crab shell particles (CSP) with the core coated with nickel phosphorus (NiP) as a shell using the electroless coating process. For dealing with serious environmental problems, utilization of waste bio-shells is always an important factor to be considered. Chelating ability of crab shell particles eliminates the surface activation in this work proceeding to the coating process. The functional group, phase structure, microstructure, chemical composition and thermal analysis of CSP and NiP/CSP were characterized using Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy (FTIR), x-ray diffraction analyzer (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDS), and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The combination of an amorphous and crystalline structure was exhibited by CSP and NiP/CSP. NiP/CSP has shown a better thermal stability when compared to uncoated CSP. Stability test, adsorption test, and conductivity test were conducted for the study of adsorption behavior and conductivity of the particles. CSP presented a hydrophilic property in contrast to hydrophobic NiP/CSP. NiP/CSP presented a conductivity of about 44% greater compared to the CSP without any fluctuations. - Highlights: • Utilization of crab shell waste is focused on. • NiP coating on crab shell particle is fabricated using electroless process. • Thermal analysis, stability test, adsorption test and conductivity test were done. • Organic matrix of crab shell particle favors the coating process. • Results demonstrate the characterization of CSP core – NiP shell structure.},
doi = {10.1016/J.JSSC.2017.02.001},
journal = {Journal of Solid State Chemistry},
number = ,
volume = 248,
place = {United States},
year = {Sat Apr 15 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Sat Apr 15 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}