skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: On fabrication procedures of Li-ion conducting garnets

Abstract

Ceramic oxides exhibiting high lithium-ion mobility at room temperature receive broad attention as candidate electrolytes for lithium batteries. Lithium-stuffed garnets from the Li{sub 7}La{sub 3}Zr{sub 2}O{sub 12} group seem to be especially promising because of their high ionic conductivity at room temperature and their electrochemical stability. In this work, we discuss factors that affect formation of the garnet in its bulk form or in the form of thick and thin films. We demonstrate that zinc oxide can be applied as a sintering aid that facilitate the formation of the highly conducting cubic Li{sub 7}La{sub 3}Zr{sub 2}O{sub 12} garnet phase in a single-step sintering procedure. Based on our experience with the single-step sintering experiments, we successfully fabricated a thick-film membrane consisting of a garnet solid electrolyte using the tape casting technique. In order to reduce the thickness of the electrolyte even further we investigated the fabrication of a thin-film Li{sub 7}La{sub 3}Zr{sub 2}O{sub 12} electrolyte by means of the pulsed laser deposition technique.

Authors:
 [1];  [2]; ; ;  [3];  [4];  [2]
  1. The Mineral and Energy Economy Research Institute, Polish Academy of Sciences, ul. Wybickiego 7, 31-261 Kraków (Poland)
  2. AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Energy and Fuels, al. Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Kraków (Poland)
  3. Materials Science Group, Department of Mechanical Engineering, National University of Singapore (Singapore)
  4. AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Materials Science and Ceramics, al. Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Kraków (Poland)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22658238
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Solid State Chemistry; Journal Volume: 248; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2017 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; GARNETS; IONIC CONDUCTIVITY; LANTHANUM COMPOUNDS; LITHIUM IONS; SINTERING; SOLID ELECTROLYTES; SYNTHESIS; TEMPERATURE RANGE 0273-0400 K; THIN FILMS; ZINC OXIDES; ZIRCONIUM COMPOUNDS

Citation Formats

Hanc, Emil, Zając, Wojciech, E-mail: wojciech.zajac@agh.edu.pl, Lu, Li, Yan, Binggong, Kotobuki, Masashi, Ziąbka, Magdalena, and Molenda, Janina. On fabrication procedures of Li-ion conducting garnets. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1016/J.JSSC.2017.01.017.
Hanc, Emil, Zając, Wojciech, E-mail: wojciech.zajac@agh.edu.pl, Lu, Li, Yan, Binggong, Kotobuki, Masashi, Ziąbka, Magdalena, & Molenda, Janina. On fabrication procedures of Li-ion conducting garnets. United States. doi:10.1016/J.JSSC.2017.01.017.
Hanc, Emil, Zając, Wojciech, E-mail: wojciech.zajac@agh.edu.pl, Lu, Li, Yan, Binggong, Kotobuki, Masashi, Ziąbka, Magdalena, and Molenda, Janina. Sat . "On fabrication procedures of Li-ion conducting garnets". United States. doi:10.1016/J.JSSC.2017.01.017.
@article{osti_22658238,
title = {On fabrication procedures of Li-ion conducting garnets},
author = {Hanc, Emil and Zając, Wojciech, E-mail: wojciech.zajac@agh.edu.pl and Lu, Li and Yan, Binggong and Kotobuki, Masashi and Ziąbka, Magdalena and Molenda, Janina},
abstractNote = {Ceramic oxides exhibiting high lithium-ion mobility at room temperature receive broad attention as candidate electrolytes for lithium batteries. Lithium-stuffed garnets from the Li{sub 7}La{sub 3}Zr{sub 2}O{sub 12} group seem to be especially promising because of their high ionic conductivity at room temperature and their electrochemical stability. In this work, we discuss factors that affect formation of the garnet in its bulk form or in the form of thick and thin films. We demonstrate that zinc oxide can be applied as a sintering aid that facilitate the formation of the highly conducting cubic Li{sub 7}La{sub 3}Zr{sub 2}O{sub 12} garnet phase in a single-step sintering procedure. Based on our experience with the single-step sintering experiments, we successfully fabricated a thick-film membrane consisting of a garnet solid electrolyte using the tape casting technique. In order to reduce the thickness of the electrolyte even further we investigated the fabrication of a thin-film Li{sub 7}La{sub 3}Zr{sub 2}O{sub 12} electrolyte by means of the pulsed laser deposition technique.},
doi = {10.1016/J.JSSC.2017.01.017},
journal = {Journal of Solid State Chemistry},
number = ,
volume = 248,
place = {United States},
year = {Sat Apr 15 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Sat Apr 15 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}