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Title: Growth of different phases and morphological features of MnS thin films by chemical bath deposition: Effect of deposition parameters and annealing

Abstract

Manganese sulfide thin films have been deposited on glass slides by chemical bath deposition (CBD) method. The effects of preparative parameters such as deposition time, bath temperature, concentration of precursors, multi-layer deposition, different source of manganese, different complexing agent and thermal annealing on structural and morphological film properties have been investigated. The prepared thin films have been characterized using the X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX). It exhibit the metastable forms of MnS, the hexagonal γ-MnS wurtzite phase with preferential orientation in the (002) plane or the cubic β-MnS zinc blende with preferential orientation in the (200) plane. Microstructural studies revealed the formation of MnS crystals with different morphologies, such as hexagons, spheres, cubes or flowers like. - Graphical Abstract: We report the preparation of different phases of manganese sulfide thin films (γ, β and α-MnS) by chemical bath deposition method. The effects of deposition parameters such as deposition time and temperature, concentrations of precursors and multi-layer deposition on MnS thin films structure and morphology were investigated. The influence of thermal annealing under nitrogen atmosphere at different temperature on MnS properties was also studied. Different manganese precursors as well as different complexing agentmore » were also used. - Highlights: • γ and β-MnS films were deposited on substrate using the chemical bath deposition. • The effect of deposition parameters on MnS film properties has been investigated. • Multi-layer deposition was also studied to increase film thickness. • The effect of annealing under N{sub 2} at different temperature was investigated.« less

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22658226
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Solid State Chemistry; Journal Volume: 247; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2017 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; ANNEALING; CHELATING AGENTS; CRYSTAL GROWTH; DEPOSITION; DEPOSITS; EXPERIMENTAL DATA; LAYERS; MANGANESE SULFIDES; PRECURSOR; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; THIN FILMS; X-RAY DIFFRACTION; ZINC SULFIDES

Citation Formats

Hannachi, Amira, E-mail: amira.hannachi88@gmail.com, and Maghraoui-Meherzi, Hager. Growth of different phases and morphological features of MnS thin films by chemical bath deposition: Effect of deposition parameters and annealing. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1016/J.JSSC.2017.01.006.
Hannachi, Amira, E-mail: amira.hannachi88@gmail.com, & Maghraoui-Meherzi, Hager. Growth of different phases and morphological features of MnS thin films by chemical bath deposition: Effect of deposition parameters and annealing. United States. doi:10.1016/J.JSSC.2017.01.006.
Hannachi, Amira, E-mail: amira.hannachi88@gmail.com, and Maghraoui-Meherzi, Hager. Wed . "Growth of different phases and morphological features of MnS thin films by chemical bath deposition: Effect of deposition parameters and annealing". United States. doi:10.1016/J.JSSC.2017.01.006.
@article{osti_22658226,
title = {Growth of different phases and morphological features of MnS thin films by chemical bath deposition: Effect of deposition parameters and annealing},
author = {Hannachi, Amira, E-mail: amira.hannachi88@gmail.com and Maghraoui-Meherzi, Hager},
abstractNote = {Manganese sulfide thin films have been deposited on glass slides by chemical bath deposition (CBD) method. The effects of preparative parameters such as deposition time, bath temperature, concentration of precursors, multi-layer deposition, different source of manganese, different complexing agent and thermal annealing on structural and morphological film properties have been investigated. The prepared thin films have been characterized using the X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX). It exhibit the metastable forms of MnS, the hexagonal γ-MnS wurtzite phase with preferential orientation in the (002) plane or the cubic β-MnS zinc blende with preferential orientation in the (200) plane. Microstructural studies revealed the formation of MnS crystals with different morphologies, such as hexagons, spheres, cubes or flowers like. - Graphical Abstract: We report the preparation of different phases of manganese sulfide thin films (γ, β and α-MnS) by chemical bath deposition method. The effects of deposition parameters such as deposition time and temperature, concentrations of precursors and multi-layer deposition on MnS thin films structure and morphology were investigated. The influence of thermal annealing under nitrogen atmosphere at different temperature on MnS properties was also studied. Different manganese precursors as well as different complexing agent were also used. - Highlights: • γ and β-MnS films were deposited on substrate using the chemical bath deposition. • The effect of deposition parameters on MnS film properties has been investigated. • Multi-layer deposition was also studied to increase film thickness. • The effect of annealing under N{sub 2} at different temperature was investigated.},
doi = {10.1016/J.JSSC.2017.01.006},
journal = {Journal of Solid State Chemistry},
number = ,
volume = 247,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Mar 15 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Wed Mar 15 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}
  • MnS thin film was prepared by the chemical bath deposition (CBD) method on commercial microscope glass substrate deposited at 30 °C. The as-deposited film was given thermal annealing treatment in air atmosphere at various temperatures (150, 300 and 450 °C) for 1 h. The MnS thin film was characterized by using X-ray diffraction (XRD), UV-vis spectrophotometer and Hall effect measurement system. The effect of annealing temperature on the structural, electrical and optical properties such as optical constants of refractive index (n) and energy band gap (E{sub g}) of the film was determined. XRD measurements reveal that the film is crystallized inmore » the wurtzite phase and changed to tetragonal Mn{sub 3}O{sub 4} phase after being annealed at 300 °C. The energy band gap of film decreased from 3.69 eV to 3.21 eV based on the annealing temperature.« less
  • In present work Cu{sub 2}S thin film fabricated on glass substrate by simple, cost effective chemical bath deposition method subsequently it annealed at 150°C. These films were studied for their structural, optical and electrical properties using X-ray diffraction, UV-vis spectrophotometer and I-V system. The results show successful synthesis of Cu{sub 2}S thin films and improvement in crystalline nature of the thin film which resulted in reduced bad gap and resistance of the film. Thus these thin films prove to be a promising candidate for solar cell application.
  • Polycrystalline thin films of ZnO and Sr-doped ZnO (ZnO:Sr) on ultrasonically cleaned soda lime glass substrates are synthesized through successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction. The XRD profiles of ZnO and ZnO:Sr films prepared at different number of deposition cycles exhibit hexagonal wurtzite structure with preferred orientation along (002) direction. The crystallites are found to be nano sized, having variation in size with the increase in number of depositions cycles and also with Sr doping. Optical absorbance studies reveal a systematically controllable blueshift in band gap of Sr-doped ZnO films. SEM images indicate enhanced assembling of crystallites to form elongatedmore » rods as number of dips increased in Sr doped ZnO. The films are found to be n-type with the Sr doping having little effect on the electrical properties.« less
  • Cadmium selenide thin films were synthesized on glass substrates using chemical bath technique (CBD) at temperatures 320K, 330K, 340K,and 350K. The polycrystalline nature of the material was confirmed by X-ray diffraction technique and various structural parameters such as lattice parameters, grain size, dislocation density, and micro strain. The root mean square (RMS) roughness was obtained by using atomic force microscopy(AFM), which indicated a decreasing average roughness with the decrease of the bath temperature. Optical properties were carried out by UV-Visible transmittance spectra, and the band gap energy was determined.
  • Chemical bath deposition of CdS layers, using the ammonia process, have been studied for the first time by combined in situ quartz crystal microbalance and electrochemical impedance techniques. Both allow monitoring of the growth kinetics, but an important result is that information about the covering properties of the film, its internal structure, and the evolution of the structure during the growth, have been obtained from combined experiments. The film is shown to have in general a duplex structure with an inner compact layer (only measured by capacitance) and an outer porous layer, growing at longer reaction times. In this papermore » the influence of the thiourea concentration on this structure is studies and discusses. Thiourea in excess is found to be very favorable for obtaining total coverage of the substrate with a minimum thickness of the CdS film ({approx}30 nm on unactivated gold substrate), which is important for applications. A simple columnar growth model has been derived which accounts well for the experimental results.« less