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Title: Synthesis and photoluminescence control of Ca{sub 10.5–1.5x}La{sub x}(PO{sub 4}){sub 7}:Eu{sup 2+} phosphors by aliovalent cation substitution

Abstract

A range of Ca{sub 10.5-1.5x}La{sub x}(PO{sub 4}){sub 7}:Eu{sup 2+}phosphors were synthesized by high temperature solid state method. Subsequently we studied the crystal structures and luminescent properties through X-ray diffraction, photoluminescence and photoluminescence excitation, diffuse reflection spectra, Raman spectra and decay curves systematically. Based on the special crystal structure ofβ-Ca{sub 3}(PO{sub 4}){sub 2}:Eu{sup 2+}, its emission undergoes a variation from violet–blue to cyan through introducing La{sup 3+}. The substitution of La{sup 3+} for Ca{sup 2+} could form some cation vacancies in Ca(4) sites according to the scheme 3Ca{sup 2+}= 2La{sup 3+}+ □ due to the different ion valence, which compels Eu{sup 2+} to migrate from Ca(4) site to other sites. Additionally, the formation of the cation vacancies can further reduce the thermal stability of phosphors. - Highlights: • Realizing photoluminescence control of Eu{sup 2+} by introducing relatively larger La{sup 3+} ion to replace the Ca{sup 2+} in β-Ca{sub 3}(PO{sub 4}){sub 2}:Eu{sup 2+} phosphor. • The mechanism of spectral control is proposed to be due to emptying of Ca{sup 2+} and migration of Eu{sup 2+}. • The thermal stability reduction is related to the formation of vacancies.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22658183
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Solid State Chemistry; Journal Volume: 246; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2016 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; CALCIUM IONS; CALCIUM PHOSPHATES; CATIONS; EUROPIUM IONS; EXPERIMENTAL DATA; LANTHANUM IONS; PHOSPHORS; PHOTOLUMINESCENCE; RAMAN SPECTRA; SYNTHESIS; TEMPERATURE RANGE 0400-1000 K; VACANCIES; X RADIATION

Citation Formats

Fan, Yanting, Tang, Miao, Qiu, Zhongxian, Zhang, Jilin, Yu, Liping, Li, Chengzhi, Lian, Shixun, and Zhou, Wenli, E-mail: chemwlzhou@hunnu.edu.cn. Synthesis and photoluminescence control of Ca{sub 10.5–1.5x}La{sub x}(PO{sub 4}){sub 7}:Eu{sup 2+} phosphors by aliovalent cation substitution. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1016/J.JSSC.2016.11.026.
Fan, Yanting, Tang, Miao, Qiu, Zhongxian, Zhang, Jilin, Yu, Liping, Li, Chengzhi, Lian, Shixun, & Zhou, Wenli, E-mail: chemwlzhou@hunnu.edu.cn. Synthesis and photoluminescence control of Ca{sub 10.5–1.5x}La{sub x}(PO{sub 4}){sub 7}:Eu{sup 2+} phosphors by aliovalent cation substitution. United States. doi:10.1016/J.JSSC.2016.11.026.
Fan, Yanting, Tang, Miao, Qiu, Zhongxian, Zhang, Jilin, Yu, Liping, Li, Chengzhi, Lian, Shixun, and Zhou, Wenli, E-mail: chemwlzhou@hunnu.edu.cn. Wed . "Synthesis and photoluminescence control of Ca{sub 10.5–1.5x}La{sub x}(PO{sub 4}){sub 7}:Eu{sup 2+} phosphors by aliovalent cation substitution". United States. doi:10.1016/J.JSSC.2016.11.026.
@article{osti_22658183,
title = {Synthesis and photoluminescence control of Ca{sub 10.5–1.5x}La{sub x}(PO{sub 4}){sub 7}:Eu{sup 2+} phosphors by aliovalent cation substitution},
author = {Fan, Yanting and Tang, Miao and Qiu, Zhongxian and Zhang, Jilin and Yu, Liping and Li, Chengzhi and Lian, Shixun and Zhou, Wenli, E-mail: chemwlzhou@hunnu.edu.cn},
abstractNote = {A range of Ca{sub 10.5-1.5x}La{sub x}(PO{sub 4}){sub 7}:Eu{sup 2+}phosphors were synthesized by high temperature solid state method. Subsequently we studied the crystal structures and luminescent properties through X-ray diffraction, photoluminescence and photoluminescence excitation, diffuse reflection spectra, Raman spectra and decay curves systematically. Based on the special crystal structure ofβ-Ca{sub 3}(PO{sub 4}){sub 2}:Eu{sup 2+}, its emission undergoes a variation from violet–blue to cyan through introducing La{sup 3+}. The substitution of La{sup 3+} for Ca{sup 2+} could form some cation vacancies in Ca(4) sites according to the scheme 3Ca{sup 2+}= 2La{sup 3+}+ □ due to the different ion valence, which compels Eu{sup 2+} to migrate from Ca(4) site to other sites. Additionally, the formation of the cation vacancies can further reduce the thermal stability of phosphors. - Highlights: • Realizing photoluminescence control of Eu{sup 2+} by introducing relatively larger La{sup 3+} ion to replace the Ca{sup 2+} in β-Ca{sub 3}(PO{sub 4}){sub 2}:Eu{sup 2+} phosphor. • The mechanism of spectral control is proposed to be due to emptying of Ca{sup 2+} and migration of Eu{sup 2+}. • The thermal stability reduction is related to the formation of vacancies.},
doi = {10.1016/J.JSSC.2016.11.026},
journal = {Journal of Solid State Chemistry},
number = ,
volume = 246,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Feb 15 00:00:00 EST 2017},
month = {Wed Feb 15 00:00:00 EST 2017}
}