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Title: Synthesis and photocatalytic performance of g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4} nanosheets via liquid phase stripping

Abstract

Well dispersed g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4} nanosheets were prepared by exfoliating the bulk g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4} in concentrated sulfuric acid. Phase structures, morphologies and elemental compositions were characterized by X-ray diffractometer, scanning electron microscope, transmission electron microscope and X-ray photoelectron spectrometer, respectively. Optical absorption and photoluminescence were also used to explain the optical performances of samples. NaI, BQ and IPA were used as the sacrificial agents for studying the surface reactions in the photocatalytic process. By the precipitation of g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4} nanosheets in ethanol with different ratios between concentrated sulfuric acid and ethyl alcohol, well dispersed g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4} nanosheets with high specific surface area can be obtained. The optimized g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4} (1:10) nanosheets achieve the highest photocatalytic activities under UV light illumination, which can degrade 10 mg/L RhB about 98% in 60 min, which is 6 times that of bulk g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4} under UV light. - Graphical Abstract: The schematic diagram of photocatalysis and excellent photocatalytic performance of g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4} nanosheets. - Highlights: • Well dispersed g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4} were prepared via Liquid Phase Stripping. • The g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4} is in a sheet like structure after being exfoliated. • The g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4} nanosheets possessmore » high photocatalytic performances.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [1];  [3];  [2];  [3];  [1];  [3];  [3]
  1. Industry & Equipment Technology Institute of Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009 (China)
  2. School of Materials Science and Engineering, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009 (China)
  3. (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22658182
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Solid State Chemistry; Journal Volume: 246; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2016 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; CARBON NITRIDES; LIQUIDS; NANOSTRUCTURES; PERFORMANCE; PHOTOCATALYSIS; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; SPECIFIC SURFACE AREA; SULFURIC ACID; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION; X-RAY DIFFRACTOMETERS; X-RAY PHOTOELECTRON SPECTROSCOPY

Citation Formats

Miao, Jilin, Xu, Guangqing, Key Laboratory of Advanced Functional Materials and Devices of Anhui Province, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009, Liu, Jiaqin, Key Laboratory of Advanced Functional Materials and Devices of Anhui Province, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009, Lv, Jun, Key Laboratory of Advanced Functional Materials and Devices of Anhui Province, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009, Wu, Yucheng, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009, and Key Laboratory of Advanced Functional Materials and Devices of Anhui Province, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009. Synthesis and photocatalytic performance of g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4} nanosheets via liquid phase stripping. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1016/J.JSSC.2016.11.028.
Miao, Jilin, Xu, Guangqing, Key Laboratory of Advanced Functional Materials and Devices of Anhui Province, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009, Liu, Jiaqin, Key Laboratory of Advanced Functional Materials and Devices of Anhui Province, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009, Lv, Jun, Key Laboratory of Advanced Functional Materials and Devices of Anhui Province, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009, Wu, Yucheng, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009, & Key Laboratory of Advanced Functional Materials and Devices of Anhui Province, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009. Synthesis and photocatalytic performance of g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4} nanosheets via liquid phase stripping. United States. doi:10.1016/J.JSSC.2016.11.028.
Miao, Jilin, Xu, Guangqing, Key Laboratory of Advanced Functional Materials and Devices of Anhui Province, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009, Liu, Jiaqin, Key Laboratory of Advanced Functional Materials and Devices of Anhui Province, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009, Lv, Jun, Key Laboratory of Advanced Functional Materials and Devices of Anhui Province, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009, Wu, Yucheng, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009, and Key Laboratory of Advanced Functional Materials and Devices of Anhui Province, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009. Wed . "Synthesis and photocatalytic performance of g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4} nanosheets via liquid phase stripping". United States. doi:10.1016/J.JSSC.2016.11.028.
@article{osti_22658182,
title = {Synthesis and photocatalytic performance of g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4} nanosheets via liquid phase stripping},
author = {Miao, Jilin and Xu, Guangqing and Key Laboratory of Advanced Functional Materials and Devices of Anhui Province, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009 and Liu, Jiaqin and Key Laboratory of Advanced Functional Materials and Devices of Anhui Province, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009 and Lv, Jun and Key Laboratory of Advanced Functional Materials and Devices of Anhui Province, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009 and Wu, Yucheng and School of Materials Science and Engineering, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009 and Key Laboratory of Advanced Functional Materials and Devices of Anhui Province, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009},
abstractNote = {Well dispersed g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4} nanosheets were prepared by exfoliating the bulk g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4} in concentrated sulfuric acid. Phase structures, morphologies and elemental compositions were characterized by X-ray diffractometer, scanning electron microscope, transmission electron microscope and X-ray photoelectron spectrometer, respectively. Optical absorption and photoluminescence were also used to explain the optical performances of samples. NaI, BQ and IPA were used as the sacrificial agents for studying the surface reactions in the photocatalytic process. By the precipitation of g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4} nanosheets in ethanol with different ratios between concentrated sulfuric acid and ethyl alcohol, well dispersed g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4} nanosheets with high specific surface area can be obtained. The optimized g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4} (1:10) nanosheets achieve the highest photocatalytic activities under UV light illumination, which can degrade 10 mg/L RhB about 98% in 60 min, which is 6 times that of bulk g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4} under UV light. - Graphical Abstract: The schematic diagram of photocatalysis and excellent photocatalytic performance of g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4} nanosheets. - Highlights: • Well dispersed g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4} were prepared via Liquid Phase Stripping. • The g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4} is in a sheet like structure after being exfoliated. • The g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4} nanosheets possess high photocatalytic performances.},
doi = {10.1016/J.JSSC.2016.11.028},
journal = {Journal of Solid State Chemistry},
number = ,
volume = 246,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Feb 15 00:00:00 EST 2017},
month = {Wed Feb 15 00:00:00 EST 2017}
}
  • Graphical abstract: g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4}/Ag{sub 3}PO{sub 4} heterojunction photocatalyst with visible-light response was prepared by a facile coprecipitation method. The results show that g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4}/Ag{sub 3}PO{sub 4} possesses a much higher activity for the decomposition of RhB than that of the pure Ag{sub 3}PO{sub 4} particles. The most mechanism is that g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4}/Ag{sub 3}PO{sub 4} heterojunction photocatalyst can efficiently separate the photogenerated electron–hole pairs, enhancing the photocatalytic activity of g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4}/Ag{sub 3}PO{sub 4} composites. - Highlights: • g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4}/Ag{sub 3}PO{sub 4} heterojunction showed much higher activity than that of Ag{sub 3}PO{sub 4}. • The high activitymore » could be attributed to g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4} for modifying Ag{sub 3}PO{sub 4}. • More ·OH radicals may be significant reason to improve Ag{sub 3}PO{sub 4} activity. - Abstract: g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4}/Ag{sub 3}PO{sub 4} heterojunction photocatalyst with visible-light response was prepared by a facile coprecipitation method. The photocatalysts were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, UV–vis absorption spectroscopy and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The photocatalytic activities of the obtained samples were tested by using Rhodamine B (RhB) as the degradation target under visible light irradiation. g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4}/Ag{sub 3}PO{sub 4} decomposed RhB more effectively than the pure Ag{sub 3}PO{sub 4} particles did, and 2 wt.% g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4} had the highest activity. Furthermore, 2 wt.% g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4}/Ag{sub 3}PO{sub 4} degraded high-concentration RhB more potently than unmodified Ag{sub 3}PO{sub 4} did, probably because g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4}/Ag{sub 3}PO{sub 4} heterojunction photocatalyst enhanced the photocatalytic activity by efficiently separating the photogenerated electron–hole pairs.« less
  • A simple one-step calcination route was used to prepare Ti3+ self-doped TiO2/g-C3N4 heterojunctions by mixture of H2Ti3O7 and melamine. X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy, and UV-Vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (UV-vis DRS) technologies were used to characterize the structure, crystallinity, morphology, and chemical state of the as-prepared samples. The absorption of the prepared Ti3+ self-doped TiO2/g-C3N4 heterojunctions shifted to a longer wavelength region in comparison with pristine TiO2 and g-C3N4. The photocatalytic activities of the heterojunctions were studied by degrading methylene blue under a 30more » W visible-light-emitting diode irradiation source. The visible-light photocatalytic activities enhanced by the prepared Ti3+ self-doped TiO2/g-C3N4 heterojunctions were observed and proved to be better than that of pure TiO2 and g-C3N4. The photocatalysis mechanism was investigated and discussed. The intensive separation efficiency of photogenerated electron-hole in the prepared heterojunction was confirmed by photoluminescence (PL) spectra. The removal rate constant reached 0.038 min(-1) for the 22.3 wt % Ti3+ self-doped TiO2/g-C3N4 heterojunction, which was 26.76 and 7.6 times higher than that of pure TiO2 and g-C3N4, respectively. The established heterojunction between the interfaces of TiO2 nanoparticles and g-C3N4 nanosheets as well as introduced Ti3+ led to the rapid electron transfer rate and improved photoinduced electron-hole pair's separation efficiency, resulting in the improved photocatalytic performance of the Ti3+ self-doped TiO2/g-C3N4 heterojunctions.« less
  • The prepared g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4}/Cu{sub 2}O composite exhibited the enhanced photocatalytic activity under visible-light irradiation due to the stronger ability in separation of electron–hole pairs, which was proven by the transient photocurrent measurement. - Highlights: • The coupled Cu{sub 2}O with g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4} of narrow-band-gap semiconductor has been designed. • g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4}/Cu{sub 2}O is prepared via an alcohol-aqueous based on chemical precipitation method. • g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4}/Cu{sub 2}O exhibits the enhanced photocatalytic activity under visible-light. • The enhanced photocatalytic activity is proven by the transient photocurrent test. • A mechanism for the visible-light-driven photocatalysis of g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4}/Cu{submore » 2}O is revealed. - Abstract: To overcome the drawback of low photocatalytic efficiency brought by electron–hole pairs recombination and narrow photo-response range, a novel g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4}/Cu{sub 2}O composite photocatalyst was designed and prepared successfully. Compared with bare Cu{sub 2}O and g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4}, the g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4}/Cu{sub 2}O composite exhibited significantly enhanced photocatalytic activity for acid orange-II (AO-II) degradation under visible light irradiation. Based on energy band positions, the mechanism of enhanced visible-light photocatalytic activity was proposed.« less
  • A series of porous g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4}/La (PGCN/La) materials used as photocatalyst for the degradation of phenol were prepared by two steps. The photocatalysts were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), UV–vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS), thermogravimetry (TG), Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET), Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). From the TEM morphology, the porous structure of g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4} could be successfully controlled; from BET results, BET specific surface area of porous g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4} (PGCN) sample increases with the increasing of urea mass ratio. Compared with PGCN material (PGCN-50), PGCN/La sample (PGCN-50/La-5) could exhibit anmore » enhanced photocatalytic activity and has the best degradation efficiency of 98.6% within 50 min under visible light irradiation. Photocatalytic reaction follows the first-order model kinetics; and PGCN-50/La-5 photocatalyst shows the largest reaction rate among all samples which is nearly 2.96 times higher than that of pure PGCN-50. The present work illustrates that the photocatalytic activity of porous g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4} was improved by the addition of La and PGCN-50/La-5 has potential application in the removal of phenol or other organic molecular from wastewater. - Graphical abstract: Porous g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4}/La photocatalyst is synthesized and its removal of phenol application has been explored. - Highlights: • Porous PGCN/La photocatalyst was prepared successfully by hydrothermal method. • PGCN/La has a highest degradation efficiency of 98.6% for phenol within 50 min. • The reaction rate of is nearly 2.96 times higher than that of pure PGCN. • As prepared material has potential application in removal of phenol from wastewater.« less
  • Highlights: • Novel BiOCl quantum dots modified g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4} photocatalyst was synthesized. • BiOCl-g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4} showed much higher photocatalytic activity than pure g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4} and BiOCl. • High separation efficiency of photoinduced carriers results in the enhanced performance. - Abstract: Novel BiOCl quantum dots modified g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4} photocatalyst was synthesized by a one-step chemical bath method at low temperature. The photocatalyst was characterized using X-ray diffraction, high-resolution transmission microscopy UV–visible light diffusion reflectance spectrometry, and photoluminescence spectroscopy. The results indicated that BiOCl quantum dots were dispersed on g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4} to form heterojunction structures with highmore » specific surface area. BiOCl-g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4} showed much higher photocatalytic activity than pure g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4} and BiOCl for rhodamine B degradation. The enhanced performance was induced by the high separation efficiency of photoinduced carriers.« less