skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Theoretical insight into Cobalt subnano-clusters adsorption on α-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} (0001)

Abstract

The investigation on the structural stability, nucleation, growth and interaction of cobalt cluster Con(n=2–7) on the α-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}(0001) surface by using density functional theory methods has been reported. Energetically, the most favorable adsorption sites were identified and the strongest adsorption energy cluster is the tetrahedral Co{sub 4} cluster. On the other hand, the nucleation of Con(n=2–7) clusters on the surface is exothermic and thermodynamically favorable. Moreover, even-odd alternation was found with respect to clusters nucleation as a function of the number of cobalt atoms (for n=1–7). Meanwhile, the Co{sub n} clusters can be adsorbed on the surface stably owing to the charge transfer from Co atoms to Al and O atoms of the Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} substrate. In addition, we establish the crucial importance of monomer, dimer and trimer diffusion on the surface. The diffusion of the monomer cobalt from Al{sup (3)} to O{sup (5)} or O{sup (5)} to Al{sup (4)} site is quite easy on the Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}(0001) surface, whereas the diffusion of the Co{sub 2} dimer is thermodynamically unfavorable by compared with that of the Co adatom and Co{sub 3} trimer. - Graphical abstract: Diffusion process of Co adatom on the α-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} (0001) surface,more » Al{sup (3)} site→O{sup (5)} site→Al{sup (4)} site. Potential energy surface for diffusion of a single Co atom from Al{sup (3)} to O{sup (5)} site, and from O{sup (5)} to Al{sup (4)} site on the surface. The activation energy of the two migration processes from Al{sup (3)} to O{sup (5)} and O{sup (5)} to Al{sup (4)} are 0.06 and 0.09 eV, respectively. This implies the monomer is quite mobile on the surface under typical growth conditions.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [2]; ;  [2];  [1]
  1. College of Chemical Engineering and Environment, North University of China, 030051 Taiyuan (China)
  2. State Key Laboratory of Coal Conversion, Institute of Coal Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 030001 Taiyuan (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22658181
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Solid State Chemistry; Journal Volume: 246; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2016 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; ACTIVATION ENERGY; ADSORPTION; ALUMINIUM OXIDES; CARBON DIOXIDE; CARBONATES; COBALT; DENSITY FUNCTIONAL METHOD; DIFFUSION; MONOMERS; NUCLEATION; OXIDATION; POTENTIAL ENERGY; SURFACES

Citation Formats

Gao, Fen-e, Ren, Jun, E-mail: jun.ren@nuc.edu.cn, Wang, Qiang, Li, Debao, E-mail: dbli@sxicc.ac.cn, Hou, Bo, Jia, Litao, and Cao, Duanlin. Theoretical insight into Cobalt subnano-clusters adsorption on α-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} (0001). United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1016/J.JSSC.2016.11.016.
Gao, Fen-e, Ren, Jun, E-mail: jun.ren@nuc.edu.cn, Wang, Qiang, Li, Debao, E-mail: dbli@sxicc.ac.cn, Hou, Bo, Jia, Litao, & Cao, Duanlin. Theoretical insight into Cobalt subnano-clusters adsorption on α-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} (0001). United States. doi:10.1016/J.JSSC.2016.11.016.
Gao, Fen-e, Ren, Jun, E-mail: jun.ren@nuc.edu.cn, Wang, Qiang, Li, Debao, E-mail: dbli@sxicc.ac.cn, Hou, Bo, Jia, Litao, and Cao, Duanlin. Wed . "Theoretical insight into Cobalt subnano-clusters adsorption on α-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} (0001)". United States. doi:10.1016/J.JSSC.2016.11.016.
@article{osti_22658181,
title = {Theoretical insight into Cobalt subnano-clusters adsorption on α-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} (0001)},
author = {Gao, Fen-e and Ren, Jun, E-mail: jun.ren@nuc.edu.cn and Wang, Qiang and Li, Debao, E-mail: dbli@sxicc.ac.cn and Hou, Bo and Jia, Litao and Cao, Duanlin},
abstractNote = {The investigation on the structural stability, nucleation, growth and interaction of cobalt cluster Con(n=2–7) on the α-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}(0001) surface by using density functional theory methods has been reported. Energetically, the most favorable adsorption sites were identified and the strongest adsorption energy cluster is the tetrahedral Co{sub 4} cluster. On the other hand, the nucleation of Con(n=2–7) clusters on the surface is exothermic and thermodynamically favorable. Moreover, even-odd alternation was found with respect to clusters nucleation as a function of the number of cobalt atoms (for n=1–7). Meanwhile, the Co{sub n} clusters can be adsorbed on the surface stably owing to the charge transfer from Co atoms to Al and O atoms of the Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} substrate. In addition, we establish the crucial importance of monomer, dimer and trimer diffusion on the surface. The diffusion of the monomer cobalt from Al{sup (3)} to O{sup (5)} or O{sup (5)} to Al{sup (4)} site is quite easy on the Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}(0001) surface, whereas the diffusion of the Co{sub 2} dimer is thermodynamically unfavorable by compared with that of the Co adatom and Co{sub 3} trimer. - Graphical abstract: Diffusion process of Co adatom on the α-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} (0001) surface, Al{sup (3)} site→O{sup (5)} site→Al{sup (4)} site. Potential energy surface for diffusion of a single Co atom from Al{sup (3)} to O{sup (5)} site, and from O{sup (5)} to Al{sup (4)} site on the surface. The activation energy of the two migration processes from Al{sup (3)} to O{sup (5)} and O{sup (5)} to Al{sup (4)} are 0.06 and 0.09 eV, respectively. This implies the monomer is quite mobile on the surface under typical growth conditions.},
doi = {10.1016/J.JSSC.2016.11.016},
journal = {Journal of Solid State Chemistry},
number = ,
volume = 246,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Feb 15 00:00:00 EST 2017},
month = {Wed Feb 15 00:00:00 EST 2017}
}
  • The adsorption of small Au{sub n} (n = 1–4) nanostructures on oxygen terminated α-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}(0001) surface was investigated using density functional theory in the generalized gradient approximation of Perdew-Burke-Ernzerhof (PBE) form with Hubbard correction U, accounting for strong electron correlations (PBE+U). The structural, energetic, and electronic properties were examined for two classes of the adsorbed Au{sub n} nanostructures with vertical and flattened configurations. Similarly to the Fe-terminated α-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}(0001) surface considered in Part I, the flattened configurations were found energetically more favored than vertical ones. The binding of Au{sub n} to the O-terminated surface is much stronger thanmore » to the Fe-termination. The adsorption bonding energy of Au{sub n} and the work function of the Au{sub n}/α-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}(0001) systems decrease with the increased number of Au atoms in a structure. All of the adsorbed Au{sub n} structures are positively charged. The bonding of CO molecules to the Au{sub n} structures is distinctly stronger than on the Fe-terminated surface; however, it is weaker than the binding to the bare O-terminated surface. The CO molecule binds to the Au{sub n}/α-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}(0001) system through a peripheral Au atom partly detached from the Au{sub n} structure. The results of this work indicate that the most energetically favored sites for adsorption of a CO molecule on the Au{sub n}/α-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}(0001) systems are atoms in the Au{sup 0.5+} oxidation state.« less
  • The structure and electronic properties of different terminations of hematite (0001) and magnetite (111) surfaces upon submonolayer Fe adsorption were studied using the spin-polarized density functional theory (DFT) including the Hubbard correction term U (DFT+U). On both oxides the Fe atoms were adsorbed on the most stable iron and oxygen terminated surfaces. The results show that Fe atoms bind strongly both to hematite and magnetite surfaces, however, the binding is distinctly stronger at the oxygen than at the iron terminated surfaces. For both oxides and surface terminations the binding energy of the Fe decreases with increasing coverage, which indicates substantialmore » repulsive interactions between Fe adatoms. On the hematite surface, the most stable sites for Fe adsorption are bulk continuation sites which result in formation of the Fe-rich terminations. On the magnetite surface, the bulk continuation site is favored only for Fe adsorption on the oxygen terminated surface while on the iron terminated one Fe adsorbs in a position closer to the surface iron layer. Submonolayer coverages of Fe modify substantially the surface electronic structure of the oxides and, depending on the termination, can change its character from half-metallic to insulating one, and vice versa.« less
  • This is the first of two papers dealing with the adsorption of Au and formation of Au{sub n} nanostructures (n = 1–4) on hematite (0001) surface and adsorption of CO thereon. The stoichiometric Fe-terminated (0001) surface of hematite was investigated using density functional theory in the generalized gradient approximation of Perdew-Burke-Ernzerhof (PBE) form with Hubbard correction U, accounting for strong electron correlations (PBE+U). The structural, energetic, and electronic properties of the systems studied were examined for vertical and flattened configurations of Au{sub n} nanostructures adsorbed on the hematite surfaces. The flattened ones, which can be viewed as bilayer-like structures, weremore » found energetically more favored than vertical ones. For both classes of structures the adsorption binding energy increases with the number of Au atoms in a structure. The adsorption of Au{sub n} induces charge rearrangement at the Au{sub n}/oxide contact which is reflected in work function changes. In most considered cases Au{sub n} adsorption increases the work function. A detailed analysis of the bonding electron charge is presented and the corresponding electron charge rearrangements at the contacts were quantified by a Bader charge analyses. The interaction of a CO molecule with the Au{sub n} nanostructures supported on α-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} (0001) and the oxide support was studied. It is found that the CO adsorption binding to the hematite supported Au{sub n} structures is more than twice as strong as to the bare hematite surface. Analysis of the Bader charges on the atoms showed that in each case CO binds to the most positively charged (cationic) atom of the Au{sub n} structure. Changes in the electronic structure of the Au{sub n} species and of the oxide support, and their consequences for the interactions with CO, are discussed.« less