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Title: Large structural modulations in the relaxor ferroelectric and intermediate state of strontium rich members (x>0.6) of the Sr{sub x}Ba{sub 1−x}Nb{sub 2}O{sub 6} (sbn) solid solution series

Abstract

The amplitudes of the positional, occupational and adp modulations of sbn mixed crystals are strongly enhanced for high strontium contents. The increase of structural modulations is accompanied by reduced spontaneous electric polarization largely due to smaller off-center shifts of the niobium atoms. Beyond the room temperature ferroelectric – intermediate transition near x=0.77, anomal large U{sub 33} atomic displacement parameters of the niobium atoms indicate static disorder caused by loss of orientational coupling between residual shifts of Nb atoms in neighboring NbO{sub 6} octahedra. Change of satellite intensities show a reduction from two-dimensional to one-dimensional modulation which is not consistent with tetragonal symmetry. The pseudo-tetragonally twinned crystal structure of sbn82 was refined in the orthorhombic super-space group A2mm(½0γ)000. The apparent tetragonal symmetry of the other investigated sbn samples also seems to be due to pseudo tetragonal twinning with equal twin volumes. The modulations mainly consist of cooperatively tilted NbO{sub 6} octahedra and wave-like ordered incomplete occupation of the largest cation sites (Me2a and b) by Ba{sup 2+} and Sr{sup 2+}. Furthermore, the atomic displacement parameters of the Me2 sites are strongly modulated. - Graphical abstract: Satellite reflections and modulation coefficients in the solid solution series Sr{sub x}Ba{sub 1−x}Nb{sub 2}O{sub 6}. -more » Highlights: • The modulationed structures are refined for the whole composition range of sbn32–sbn82 in tetragonal and orthorhombic setting. • The amplitudes of positional, occupational and adp modulations increase strongly with the strontium content. • Evidence is presented that the sbn crystals are pseudo tetragonally twinned. • The ferroelectric–intermediate paraelectric transition is not accompanied by a change of symmetry. • Anomal adp of intermediate (non-ferroelectric) sbn82 indicate loss of coupling between off-center shifts of neighboring niobium.« less

Authors:
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22658180
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Solid State Chemistry; Journal Volume: 246; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2016 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; ADP; ATOMIC DISPLACEMENTS; BARIUM COMPOUNDS; BARIUM IONS; CRYSTALS; FERROELECTRIC MATERIALS; INTERMEDIATE STATE; NIOBIUM; NIOBIUM OXIDES; ORTHORHOMBIC LATTICES; SOLID SOLUTIONS; SPACE GROUPS; STRONTIUM COMPOUNDS; STRONTIUM IONS

Citation Formats

Graetsch, H.A., E-mail: heribert.graetsch@rub.de. Large structural modulations in the relaxor ferroelectric and intermediate state of strontium rich members (x>0.6) of the Sr{sub x}Ba{sub 1−x}Nb{sub 2}O{sub 6} (sbn) solid solution series. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1016/J.JSSC.2016.11.013.
Graetsch, H.A., E-mail: heribert.graetsch@rub.de. Large structural modulations in the relaxor ferroelectric and intermediate state of strontium rich members (x>0.6) of the Sr{sub x}Ba{sub 1−x}Nb{sub 2}O{sub 6} (sbn) solid solution series. United States. doi:10.1016/J.JSSC.2016.11.013.
Graetsch, H.A., E-mail: heribert.graetsch@rub.de. Wed . "Large structural modulations in the relaxor ferroelectric and intermediate state of strontium rich members (x>0.6) of the Sr{sub x}Ba{sub 1−x}Nb{sub 2}O{sub 6} (sbn) solid solution series". United States. doi:10.1016/J.JSSC.2016.11.013.
@article{osti_22658180,
title = {Large structural modulations in the relaxor ferroelectric and intermediate state of strontium rich members (x>0.6) of the Sr{sub x}Ba{sub 1−x}Nb{sub 2}O{sub 6} (sbn) solid solution series},
author = {Graetsch, H.A., E-mail: heribert.graetsch@rub.de},
abstractNote = {The amplitudes of the positional, occupational and adp modulations of sbn mixed crystals are strongly enhanced for high strontium contents. The increase of structural modulations is accompanied by reduced spontaneous electric polarization largely due to smaller off-center shifts of the niobium atoms. Beyond the room temperature ferroelectric – intermediate transition near x=0.77, anomal large U{sub 33} atomic displacement parameters of the niobium atoms indicate static disorder caused by loss of orientational coupling between residual shifts of Nb atoms in neighboring NbO{sub 6} octahedra. Change of satellite intensities show a reduction from two-dimensional to one-dimensional modulation which is not consistent with tetragonal symmetry. The pseudo-tetragonally twinned crystal structure of sbn82 was refined in the orthorhombic super-space group A2mm(½0γ)000. The apparent tetragonal symmetry of the other investigated sbn samples also seems to be due to pseudo tetragonal twinning with equal twin volumes. The modulations mainly consist of cooperatively tilted NbO{sub 6} octahedra and wave-like ordered incomplete occupation of the largest cation sites (Me2a and b) by Ba{sup 2+} and Sr{sup 2+}. Furthermore, the atomic displacement parameters of the Me2 sites are strongly modulated. - Graphical abstract: Satellite reflections and modulation coefficients in the solid solution series Sr{sub x}Ba{sub 1−x}Nb{sub 2}O{sub 6}. - Highlights: • The modulationed structures are refined for the whole composition range of sbn32–sbn82 in tetragonal and orthorhombic setting. • The amplitudes of positional, occupational and adp modulations increase strongly with the strontium content. • Evidence is presented that the sbn crystals are pseudo tetragonally twinned. • The ferroelectric–intermediate paraelectric transition is not accompanied by a change of symmetry. • Anomal adp of intermediate (non-ferroelectric) sbn82 indicate loss of coupling between off-center shifts of neighboring niobium.},
doi = {10.1016/J.JSSC.2016.11.013},
journal = {Journal of Solid State Chemistry},
number = ,
volume = 246,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Feb 15 00:00:00 EST 2017},
month = {Wed Feb 15 00:00:00 EST 2017}
}
  • Ferroelectric Sr{sub 1-x}Ba{sub x}Bi{sub 2}(Nb{sub 0.5}Ta{sub 0.5}){sub 2}O{sub 9} and Sr{sub 0.5}Ba{sub 0.5}Bi{sub 2}(Nb{sub 1-y}Ta{sub y}){sub 2}O{sub 9} were synthesized by solid state reaction route. X-ray diffraction studies confirm the formation of single phase layered perovskite solid solutions over a wide range of compositions (x=y=0.0, 0.25, 0.50, 0.75 and 1). The lattice parameters and the Curie temperature (T{sub c}) have been found to have linear dependence on x and y. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) suggest the lowering of orthorhombic distortion with increasing Ba{sup 2+} substitution. Variations in microstructural features as a function of x and y were monitored by scanningmore » electron microscopy (SEM). The dielectric constant at room temperature increases with increase in both x and y. Interestingly Ba{sup 2+} substitution on Sr{sup 2+} site induces diffused phase transition and diffuseness increases with increasing Ba{sup 2+} concentration.« less
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