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Title: Mechanism of γ-irradiation induced phase transformations in nanocrystalline Mn{sub 0.5}Zn{sub 0.5}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} ceramics

Abstract

The structural, infrared absorption and magnetic property transformations in nanocrystalline Mn{sub 0.5}Zn{sub 0.5}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} samples irradiated with different doses (0, 15, 25 and 50 kGy) of γ-irradiation were investigated in this work and a mechanism of phase transformation/decomposition is provided based on the metastable nature of the Mn-atoms in the spinel lattice. The nano-powder sample was prepared by solution combustion route and the pellets of the sample were exposed to γ-radiation. Up to a dose of 25 kGy of γ-radiation, the sample retained the single phase cubic spinel (Fd-3m) structure, but the disorder in the sample increased. On irradiating the sample with 50 kGy γ-radiation, the spinel phase decomposed into new stable phases such as α-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} and ZnFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} phases along with amorphous MnO phase, leading to a change in the surface morphology of the sample. Along with the structural transformations the magnetic properties deteriorated due to breakage of the ferrimagnetic order with higher doses of γ-irradiation. Our results are important for the understanding of the stability, durability and performance of the Mn-Zn ferrite based devices used in space applications. - Graphical abstract: The nanocrystalline Mn{sub 0.5}Zn{sub 0.5}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} ceramic sample transforms to crystalline α-Fe{submore » 2}O{sub 3} and ZnFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} phases (and amorphous MnO phase) at a γ-irradiation dose of 50 kGy, as MnO goes out of the spinel lattice. The high energy γ-irradiation causes structural damage to the nanomaterials leading to change in morphology of the sample as seen in the SEM images. - Highlights: • Mn atoms are more unstable in the Mn-Zn ferrite spinel lattice than Zn-atoms. • Displacement of Mn atoms by γ-radiation from the lattice renders phase transformation. • In Mn{sub 0.5}Zn{sub 0.5}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4}, Mn-ferrite cell transforms to crystalline α-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} and amorphous MnO. • The stable ZnFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} phase retains its structure even after 50 KGy γ-irradiation. • The γ-irradiation degrades the magnetic properties of Mn{sub 0.5}Zn{sub 0.5}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} ceramics.« less

Authors:
 [1]; ; ;  [2];  [3];  [4];  [1];  [2]
  1. Department of Physics, Bangalore University, Bangalore, Karnataka 560056 (India)
  2. Materials Research Centre, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, 560012 (India)
  3. Center for Application of Radioisotopes and Radiation Technology, Mangalore University, Mangalore 574199 (India)
  4. Department of Chemistry, Government Science College, Bangalore 560001 (India)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22658174
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Solid State Chemistry; Journal Volume: 246; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2016 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; CERAMICS; CRYSTALS; EXPERIMENTAL DATA; FERRITES; GAMMA RADIATION; IRON OXIDES; IRRADIATION; MAGNETIC PROPERTIES; MAGNETS; MANGANESE OXIDES; NANOSTRUCTURES; PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; SPINELS; ZINC COMPOUNDS

Citation Formats

Jagadeesha Angadi, V., Anupama, A.V., Choudhary, Harish K., Kumar, R., Somashekarappa, H.M., Mallappa, M., Rudraswamy, B., and Sahoo, B., E-mail: bsahoo@mrc.iisc.ernet.in. Mechanism of γ-irradiation induced phase transformations in nanocrystalline Mn{sub 0.5}Zn{sub 0.5}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} ceramics. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1016/J.JSSC.2016.11.017.
Jagadeesha Angadi, V., Anupama, A.V., Choudhary, Harish K., Kumar, R., Somashekarappa, H.M., Mallappa, M., Rudraswamy, B., & Sahoo, B., E-mail: bsahoo@mrc.iisc.ernet.in. Mechanism of γ-irradiation induced phase transformations in nanocrystalline Mn{sub 0.5}Zn{sub 0.5}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} ceramics. United States. doi:10.1016/J.JSSC.2016.11.017.
Jagadeesha Angadi, V., Anupama, A.V., Choudhary, Harish K., Kumar, R., Somashekarappa, H.M., Mallappa, M., Rudraswamy, B., and Sahoo, B., E-mail: bsahoo@mrc.iisc.ernet.in. Wed . "Mechanism of γ-irradiation induced phase transformations in nanocrystalline Mn{sub 0.5}Zn{sub 0.5}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} ceramics". United States. doi:10.1016/J.JSSC.2016.11.017.
@article{osti_22658174,
title = {Mechanism of γ-irradiation induced phase transformations in nanocrystalline Mn{sub 0.5}Zn{sub 0.5}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} ceramics},
author = {Jagadeesha Angadi, V. and Anupama, A.V. and Choudhary, Harish K. and Kumar, R. and Somashekarappa, H.M. and Mallappa, M. and Rudraswamy, B. and Sahoo, B., E-mail: bsahoo@mrc.iisc.ernet.in},
abstractNote = {The structural, infrared absorption and magnetic property transformations in nanocrystalline Mn{sub 0.5}Zn{sub 0.5}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} samples irradiated with different doses (0, 15, 25 and 50 kGy) of γ-irradiation were investigated in this work and a mechanism of phase transformation/decomposition is provided based on the metastable nature of the Mn-atoms in the spinel lattice. The nano-powder sample was prepared by solution combustion route and the pellets of the sample were exposed to γ-radiation. Up to a dose of 25 kGy of γ-radiation, the sample retained the single phase cubic spinel (Fd-3m) structure, but the disorder in the sample increased. On irradiating the sample with 50 kGy γ-radiation, the spinel phase decomposed into new stable phases such as α-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} and ZnFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} phases along with amorphous MnO phase, leading to a change in the surface morphology of the sample. Along with the structural transformations the magnetic properties deteriorated due to breakage of the ferrimagnetic order with higher doses of γ-irradiation. Our results are important for the understanding of the stability, durability and performance of the Mn-Zn ferrite based devices used in space applications. - Graphical abstract: The nanocrystalline Mn{sub 0.5}Zn{sub 0.5}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} ceramic sample transforms to crystalline α-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} and ZnFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} phases (and amorphous MnO phase) at a γ-irradiation dose of 50 kGy, as MnO goes out of the spinel lattice. The high energy γ-irradiation causes structural damage to the nanomaterials leading to change in morphology of the sample as seen in the SEM images. - Highlights: • Mn atoms are more unstable in the Mn-Zn ferrite spinel lattice than Zn-atoms. • Displacement of Mn atoms by γ-radiation from the lattice renders phase transformation. • In Mn{sub 0.5}Zn{sub 0.5}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4}, Mn-ferrite cell transforms to crystalline α-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} and amorphous MnO. • The stable ZnFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} phase retains its structure even after 50 KGy γ-irradiation. • The γ-irradiation degrades the magnetic properties of Mn{sub 0.5}Zn{sub 0.5}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} ceramics.},
doi = {10.1016/J.JSSC.2016.11.017},
journal = {Journal of Solid State Chemistry},
number = ,
volume = 246,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Feb 15 00:00:00 EST 2017},
month = {Wed Feb 15 00:00:00 EST 2017}
}