PARTICLE ACCELERATION AND HEATING BY TURBULENT RECONNECTION
Abstract
Turbulent flows in the solar wind, largescale current sheets, multiple current sheets, and shock waves lead to the formation of environments in which a dense network of current sheets is established and sustains “turbulent reconnection.” We constructed a 2D grid on which a number of randomly chosen grid points are acting as scatterers (i.e., magnetic clouds or current sheets). Our goal is to examine how test particles respond inside this largescale collection of scatterers. We study the energy gain of individual particles, the evolution of their energy distribution, and their escape time distribution. We have developed a new method to estimate the transport coefficients from the dynamics of the interaction of the particles with the scatterers. Replacing the “magnetic clouds” with current sheets, we have proven that the energization processes can be more efficient depending on the strength of the effective electric fields inside the current sheets and their statistical properties. Using the estimated transport coefficients and solving the Fokker–Planck (FP) equation, we can recover the energy distribution of the particles only for the stochastic Fermi process. We have shown that the evolution of the particles inside a turbulent reconnecting volume is not a solution of the FP equation, sincemore »
 Authors:
 Department of Physics, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, GR52124 Thessaloniki (Greece)
 Institute for Astronomy, Astrophysics, Space Applications and Remote Sensing, National Observatory of Athens, GR15236 Penteli (Greece)
 Publication Date:
 OSTI Identifier:
 22654257
 Resource Type:
 Journal Article
 Resource Relation:
 Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal Letters; Journal Volume: 827; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
 Country of Publication:
 United States
 Language:
 English
 Subject:
 79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ACCELERATION; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; DIFFUSION; DISTRIBUTION; ELECTRIC FIELDS; ENERGY SPECTRA; EVOLUTION; FOKKERPLANCK EQUATION; HEATING; INTERACTIONS; MAGNETIC RECONNECTION; MATHEMATICAL SOLUTIONS; PARTICLES; RANDOMNESS; SHOCK WAVES; SOLAR WIND; STOCHASTIC PROCESSES; SUN; TURBULENCE; TURBULENT FLOW
Citation Formats
Vlahos, Loukas, Pisokas, Theophilos, Isliker, Heinz, Tsiolis, Vassilis, and Anastasiadis, Anastasios. PARTICLE ACCELERATION AND HEATING BY TURBULENT RECONNECTION. United States: N. p., 2016.
Web. doi:10.3847/20418205/827/1/L3.
Vlahos, Loukas, Pisokas, Theophilos, Isliker, Heinz, Tsiolis, Vassilis, & Anastasiadis, Anastasios. PARTICLE ACCELERATION AND HEATING BY TURBULENT RECONNECTION. United States. doi:10.3847/20418205/827/1/L3.
Vlahos, Loukas, Pisokas, Theophilos, Isliker, Heinz, Tsiolis, Vassilis, and Anastasiadis, Anastasios. 2016.
"PARTICLE ACCELERATION AND HEATING BY TURBULENT RECONNECTION". United States.
doi:10.3847/20418205/827/1/L3.
@article{osti_22654257,
title = {PARTICLE ACCELERATION AND HEATING BY TURBULENT RECONNECTION},
author = {Vlahos, Loukas and Pisokas, Theophilos and Isliker, Heinz and Tsiolis, Vassilis and Anastasiadis, Anastasios},
abstractNote = {Turbulent flows in the solar wind, largescale current sheets, multiple current sheets, and shock waves lead to the formation of environments in which a dense network of current sheets is established and sustains “turbulent reconnection.” We constructed a 2D grid on which a number of randomly chosen grid points are acting as scatterers (i.e., magnetic clouds or current sheets). Our goal is to examine how test particles respond inside this largescale collection of scatterers. We study the energy gain of individual particles, the evolution of their energy distribution, and their escape time distribution. We have developed a new method to estimate the transport coefficients from the dynamics of the interaction of the particles with the scatterers. Replacing the “magnetic clouds” with current sheets, we have proven that the energization processes can be more efficient depending on the strength of the effective electric fields inside the current sheets and their statistical properties. Using the estimated transport coefficients and solving the Fokker–Planck (FP) equation, we can recover the energy distribution of the particles only for the stochastic Fermi process. We have shown that the evolution of the particles inside a turbulent reconnecting volume is not a solution of the FP equation, since the interaction of the particles with the current sheets is “anomalous,” in contrast to the case of the secondorder Fermi process.},
doi = {10.3847/20418205/827/1/L3},
journal = {Astrophysical Journal Letters},
number = 1,
volume = 827,
place = {United States},
year = 2016,
month = 8
}

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