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Title: SU-G-TeP2-11: Initial Evaluation of a Novel Split-Filter Dual-Energy CT for Use in Radiation Oncology

Abstract

Purpose: To perform an initial evaluation of a novel split-filter dual-energy CT (DECT) system with the goal of understanding the clinical utility and limitations of the system for radiation therapy. Methods: Several phantoms were imaged using the split-filter DECT technique on the Siemens Edge CT scanner using a range of clinically-relevant doses. The optimum-contrast reconstruction, the mixed reconstruction, and the monoenergetic reconstructions (ranging from 40 keV to 190 keV) were evaluated. Each image was analyzed for CT number accuracy, uniformity, noise, low-contrast visibility (LCV), spatial resolution and geometric distortion. For comparison purposes, all parameters were evaluated on 120 kVp single-energy CT (SECT) scans used for treatment planning, as well as, a sequential-scan DECT technique for corresponding doses. Results: For all DECT reconstructions no observable geometric distortion was found. Both the optimal-contrast and mixed images demonstrated slight improvements in LCV and noise when compared to the SECT, and slight reductions in CT number accuracy and spatial resolution. The CT numbers trended as expected for the monoenergetic reconstructions, with CT number accuracy within 50 HU for materials of density <2 g/cm3. Spatial resolution increased with energy, and for monoenergetic reconstructions >70 keV the spatial resolution exceeded that of the SECT. The noisemore » in the monoenergetic reconstructions increased with decreasing energy. Thus, the image uniformity, signal-to-noise ratio and LCV were diminished at lower energies (70 keV). Applying iterative reconstruction techniques to the low-energy images reduced noise and improved LCV. The signal-to-noise ratio was stable for energies >100 keV. Conclusion: The initial commissioning of the novel split-filter DECT technology demonstrated favorable results for clinical implementation. The mixed reconstruction showed potential as a replacement for the treatment planning SECT. The image parameters for the monoenergetic reconstructions varied appropriately with energy. This work provides an initial understanding of the limitations and potential applications for monoenergetic imaging.« less

Authors:
; ; ;  [1]
  1. University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22649391
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Medical Physics; Journal Volume: 43; Journal Issue: 6; Other Information: (c) 2016 American Association of Physicists in Medicine; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; 61 RADIATION PROTECTION AND DOSIMETRY; ACCURACY; BIOMEDICAL RADIOGRAPHY; COMPUTERIZED TOMOGRAPHY; IMAGES; ITERATIVE METHODS; NOISE; SIGNAL-TO-NOISE RATIO; SPATIAL RESOLUTION

Citation Formats

Miller, J, Huang, J, Szczykutowicz, T, and Bayouth, J. SU-G-TeP2-11: Initial Evaluation of a Novel Split-Filter Dual-Energy CT for Use in Radiation Oncology. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1118/1.4957046.
Miller, J, Huang, J, Szczykutowicz, T, & Bayouth, J. SU-G-TeP2-11: Initial Evaluation of a Novel Split-Filter Dual-Energy CT for Use in Radiation Oncology. United States. doi:10.1118/1.4957046.
Miller, J, Huang, J, Szczykutowicz, T, and Bayouth, J. Wed . "SU-G-TeP2-11: Initial Evaluation of a Novel Split-Filter Dual-Energy CT for Use in Radiation Oncology". United States. doi:10.1118/1.4957046.
@article{osti_22649391,
title = {SU-G-TeP2-11: Initial Evaluation of a Novel Split-Filter Dual-Energy CT for Use in Radiation Oncology},
author = {Miller, J and Huang, J and Szczykutowicz, T and Bayouth, J},
abstractNote = {Purpose: To perform an initial evaluation of a novel split-filter dual-energy CT (DECT) system with the goal of understanding the clinical utility and limitations of the system for radiation therapy. Methods: Several phantoms were imaged using the split-filter DECT technique on the Siemens Edge CT scanner using a range of clinically-relevant doses. The optimum-contrast reconstruction, the mixed reconstruction, and the monoenergetic reconstructions (ranging from 40 keV to 190 keV) were evaluated. Each image was analyzed for CT number accuracy, uniformity, noise, low-contrast visibility (LCV), spatial resolution and geometric distortion. For comparison purposes, all parameters were evaluated on 120 kVp single-energy CT (SECT) scans used for treatment planning, as well as, a sequential-scan DECT technique for corresponding doses. Results: For all DECT reconstructions no observable geometric distortion was found. Both the optimal-contrast and mixed images demonstrated slight improvements in LCV and noise when compared to the SECT, and slight reductions in CT number accuracy and spatial resolution. The CT numbers trended as expected for the monoenergetic reconstructions, with CT number accuracy within 50 HU for materials of density <2 g/cm3. Spatial resolution increased with energy, and for monoenergetic reconstructions >70 keV the spatial resolution exceeded that of the SECT. The noise in the monoenergetic reconstructions increased with decreasing energy. Thus, the image uniformity, signal-to-noise ratio and LCV were diminished at lower energies (70 keV). Applying iterative reconstruction techniques to the low-energy images reduced noise and improved LCV. The signal-to-noise ratio was stable for energies >100 keV. Conclusion: The initial commissioning of the novel split-filter DECT technology demonstrated favorable results for clinical implementation. The mixed reconstruction showed potential as a replacement for the treatment planning SECT. The image parameters for the monoenergetic reconstructions varied appropriately with energy. This work provides an initial understanding of the limitations and potential applications for monoenergetic imaging.},
doi = {10.1118/1.4957046},
journal = {Medical Physics},
number = 6,
volume = 43,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Jun 15 00:00:00 EDT 2016},
month = {Wed Jun 15 00:00:00 EDT 2016}
}