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Title: SU-G-IeP2-06: Evaluation of Registration Accuracy for Cone-Beam CT Reconstruction Techniques

Abstract

Purpose: Cone-beam (CB) computed tomography (CT) is used for image guidance during radiotherapy treatment delivery. Conventional Feldkamp and compressed sensing (CS) based CBCT recon-struction techniques are compared for image registration. This study is to evaluate the image registration accuracy of conventional and CS CBCT for head-and-neck (HN) patients. Methods: Ten HN patients with oropharyngeal tumors were retrospectively selected. Each HN patient had one planning CT (CTP) and three CBCTs were acquired during an adaptive radiotherapy proto-col. Each CBCT was reconstructed by both the conventional (CBCTCON) and compressed sens-ing (CBCTCS) methods. Two oncologists manually labeled 23 landmarks of normal tissue and implanted gold markers on both the CTP and CBCTCON. Subsequently, landmarks on CTp were propagated to CBCTs, using a b-spline-based deformable image registration (DIR) and rigid registration (RR). The errors of these registration methods between two CBCT methods were calcu-lated. Results: For DIR, the mean distance between the propagated and the labeled landmarks was 2.8 mm ± 0.52 for CBCTCS, and 3.5 mm ± 0.75 for CBCTCON. For RR, the mean distance between the propagated and the labeled landmarks was 6.8 mm ± 0.92 for CBCTCS, and 8.7 mm ± 0.95 CBCTCON. Conclusion: This study has demonstrated that CS CBCTmore » is more accurate than conventional CBCT in image registration by both rigid and non-rigid methods. It is potentially suggested that CS CBCT is an improved image modality for image guided adaptive applications.« less

Authors:
;  [1];  [2]
  1. Sichuan Cancer Hospital, Chengdu (China)
  2. Beijing Linking Medical Technology Co., Ltd., Beijing (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22649359
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Medical Physics; Journal Volume: 43; Journal Issue: 6; Other Information: (c) 2016 American Association of Physicists in Medicine; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; 61 RADIATION PROTECTION AND DOSIMETRY; ACCURACY; COMPUTERIZED TOMOGRAPHY; IMAGES; MEDICAL PERSONNEL; PATIENTS

Citation Formats

Li, J, Wang, P, and Zhang, H. SU-G-IeP2-06: Evaluation of Registration Accuracy for Cone-Beam CT Reconstruction Techniques. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1118/1.4957011.
Li, J, Wang, P, & Zhang, H. SU-G-IeP2-06: Evaluation of Registration Accuracy for Cone-Beam CT Reconstruction Techniques. United States. doi:10.1118/1.4957011.
Li, J, Wang, P, and Zhang, H. Wed . "SU-G-IeP2-06: Evaluation of Registration Accuracy for Cone-Beam CT Reconstruction Techniques". United States. doi:10.1118/1.4957011.
@article{osti_22649359,
title = {SU-G-IeP2-06: Evaluation of Registration Accuracy for Cone-Beam CT Reconstruction Techniques},
author = {Li, J and Wang, P and Zhang, H},
abstractNote = {Purpose: Cone-beam (CB) computed tomography (CT) is used for image guidance during radiotherapy treatment delivery. Conventional Feldkamp and compressed sensing (CS) based CBCT recon-struction techniques are compared for image registration. This study is to evaluate the image registration accuracy of conventional and CS CBCT for head-and-neck (HN) patients. Methods: Ten HN patients with oropharyngeal tumors were retrospectively selected. Each HN patient had one planning CT (CTP) and three CBCTs were acquired during an adaptive radiotherapy proto-col. Each CBCT was reconstructed by both the conventional (CBCTCON) and compressed sens-ing (CBCTCS) methods. Two oncologists manually labeled 23 landmarks of normal tissue and implanted gold markers on both the CTP and CBCTCON. Subsequently, landmarks on CTp were propagated to CBCTs, using a b-spline-based deformable image registration (DIR) and rigid registration (RR). The errors of these registration methods between two CBCT methods were calcu-lated. Results: For DIR, the mean distance between the propagated and the labeled landmarks was 2.8 mm ± 0.52 for CBCTCS, and 3.5 mm ± 0.75 for CBCTCON. For RR, the mean distance between the propagated and the labeled landmarks was 6.8 mm ± 0.92 for CBCTCS, and 8.7 mm ± 0.95 CBCTCON. Conclusion: This study has demonstrated that CS CBCT is more accurate than conventional CBCT in image registration by both rigid and non-rigid methods. It is potentially suggested that CS CBCT is an improved image modality for image guided adaptive applications.},
doi = {10.1118/1.4957011},
journal = {Medical Physics},
number = 6,
volume = 43,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Jun 15 00:00:00 EDT 2016},
month = {Wed Jun 15 00:00:00 EDT 2016}
}
  • Purpose: The intensive use of Cone-Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) during radiotherapy treatments raise some questions about the dose to healthy tissues delivered during image acquisitions. We hence developed a Monte Carlo (MC)-based tool to predict doses to organs delivered by the Elekta XVI kV-CBCT. This work aims at assessing the dosimetric accuracy of the MC tool, in all tissue types. Methods: The kV-CBCT MC model was developed using the PENELOPE code. The beam properties were validated against measured lateral and depth dose profiles in water, and energy spectra measured with a CdTe detector. The CBCT simulator accuracy then required verificationmore » in clinical conditions. For this, we compared calculated and experimental dose values obtained with OSL nanoDots and XRQA2 films inserted in CIRS anthropomorphic phantoms (male, female, and 5-year old child). Measurements were performed at different locations, including bone and lung structures, and for several acquisition protocols: lung, head-and-neck, and pelvis. OSLs and film measurements were corrected when possible for energy dependence, by taking into account for spectral variations between calibration and measurement conditions. Results: Comparisons between measured and MC dose values are summarized in table 1. A mean difference of 8.6% was achieved for OSLs when the energy correction was applied, and 89.3% of the 84 dose points were within uncertainty intervals, including those in bones and lungs. Results with XRQA2 are not as good, because incomplete information about electronic equilibrium in film layers hampered the application of a simple energy correction procedure. Furthermore, measured and calculated doses (Fig.1) are in agreement with the literature. Conclusion: The MC-based tool developed was validated with an extensive set of measurements, and enables the organ dose calculation with accuracy. It can now be used to compute and report doses to organs for clinical cases, and also to drive strategies to optimize imaging protocols.« less
  • Purpose: To investigate the slice direction dependent detectability in cone beam CT images with anatomical background. Methods: We generated 3D anatomical background images using breast anatomy model. To generate 3D breast anatomy, we filtered 3D Gaussian noise with a square root of 1/f{sup 3}, and then assigned the attenuation coefficient of glandular (0.8cm{sup −1}) and adipose (0.46 cm{sup −1}) tissues based on voxel values. Projections were acquired by forward projection, and quantum noise was added to the projection data. The projection data were reconstructed by FDK algorithm. We compared the detectability of a 3 mm spherical signal in the imagemore » reconstructed from four different backprojection Methods: Hanning weighted ramp filter with linear interpolation (RECON1), Hanning weighted ramp filter with Fourier interpolation (RECON2), ramp filter with linear interpolation (RECON3), and ramp filter with Fourier interpolation (RECON4), respectively. We computed task SNR of the spherical signal in transverse and longitudinal planes using channelized Hotelling observer with Laguerre-Gauss channels. Results: Transverse plane has similar task SNR values for different backprojection methods, while longitudinal plane has a maximum task SNR value in RECON1. For all backprojection methods, longitudinal plane has higher task SNR than transverse plane. Conclusion: In this work, we investigated detectability for different slice direction in cone beam CT images with anatomical background. Longitudinal plane has a higher task SNR than transverse plane, and backprojection with hanning weighted ramp filter with linear interpolation method (i.e., RECON1) produced the highest task SNR among four different backprojection methods. This research was supported by the MSIP (Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning), Korea, under the IT Consilience Creative Programs(IITP-2015-R0346-15-1008) supervised by the IITP (Institute for Information & Communications Technology Promotion), Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the MSIP (2015R1C1A1A01052268) and framework of international cooperation program managed by NRF (NRF-2015K2A1A2067635).« less
  • Purpose: There is always a parameter in compressive sensing based iterative reconstruction (IR) methods low dose cone-beam CT (CBCT), which controls the weight of regularization relative to data fidelity. A clear understanding of the relationship between image quality and parameter values is important. The purpose of this study is to investigate this subject based on experimental data and a representative advanced IR algorithm using Tight-frame (TF) regularization. Methods: Three data sets of a Catphan phantom acquired at low, regular and high dose levels are used. For each tests, 90 projections covering a 200-degree scan range are used for reconstruction. Threemore » different regions-of-interest (ROIs) of different contrasts are used to calculate contrast-to-noise ratios (CNR) for contrast evaluation. A single point structure is used to measure modulation transfer function (MTF) for spatial-resolution evaluation. Finally, we analyze CNRs and MTFs to study the relationship between image quality and parameter selections. Results: It was found that: 1) there is no universal optimal parameter. The optimal parameter value depends on specific task and dose level. 2) There is a clear trade-off between CNR and resolution. The parameter for the best CNR is always smaller than that for the best resolution. 3) Optimal parameters are also dose-specific. Data acquired under a high dose protocol require less regularization, yielding smaller optimal parameter values. 4) Comparing with conventional FDK images, TF-based CBCT images are better under a certain optimally selected parameters. The advantages are more obvious for low dose data. Conclusion: We have investigated the relationship between image quality and parameter values in the TF-based IR algorithm. Preliminary results indicate optimal parameters are specific to both the task types and dose levels, providing guidance for selecting parameters in advanced IR algorithms. This work is supported in part by NIH (1R01CA154747-01)« less
  • Purpose: To quantify the difference in isocenter shifts when co-registering MR and MR-based pseudo CTs (pCT) with on-board megavoltage conebeam CT (CBCT) images. Methods: Fast Spoiled Gradient Echo MRs were used to generate pCTs (research version of Advantage Sim MD™, GE Healthcare) for ten patients who had prior brain radiotherapy. The planning CT (rCT) for each was co-registered with the MR, and the plan isocenter and two other reference points were transferred to the MR and pCT. CBCT images (with the machine isocenter) from a single treatment day were coregistered with the 3 test images (MR, pCT and rCT), bymore » two observers and by an automated registration algorithm. The reference points were used to calculate patient shifts and rotations from the registrations. The shifts calculated from the test image registrations were compared to each other and to the shifts performed by the therapists who treated the patients on that day. Results: The average difference in absolute value between the isocenter shifts from the MR-, pCT- and rCT-CBCT registrations, and the therapist shifts, were 2.02, 3.01 and 0.89 mm (craniocaudal), 1.14, 1.34 and 0.46 mm (lateral), and 1.37, 3.43 and 1.43 mm (vertical), respectively. The MR- and pCT-CBCT registrations differed by 1.99, and 2.53 mm (craniocaudal), 1.36, and 1.37 mm (lateral), and 0.74 and 2.34 mm (vertical), respectively, from the average rCT-CBCT shifts. On average, differences of 2.39 (craniocaudal), 1.28 (lateral) and 2.84 mm (vertical) were seen between the MR and pCT shifts. Rotations relative to the CBCT coordinate system were on average <2° for the MR and rCT, and <6° for the pCT. Conclusion: In this study, FSPGR MR-CBCT registrations were more precise compared to the pCT-CBCT registrations. For improved accuracy, MR sequences that are optimal for bony anatomy visualization are necessary. GE healthcare has provided a research version of Advantage Sim MD to UCSF. No financial support was provided.« less
  • Purpose: To compute daily dose delivered during radiotherapy, deformable registration needs to be relatively fast, automated, and accurate. The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of commercial deformable registration software for deforming between two modalities: planning computed tomography (pCT) images acquired for treatment planning and cone beam (CB) CT images acquired prior to each fraction of prostate cancer radiotherapy. Methods: A workflow was designed using MIM Software™ that aligned and deformed pCT into daily CBCT images in two steps: (1) rigid shifts applied after daily CBCT imaging to align patient anatomy to the pCT and (2) normalizedmore » intensity-based deformable registration to account for interfractional anatomical variations. The physician-approved CTV and organ and risk (OAR) contours were deformed from the pCT to daily CBCT over the course of treatment. The same structures were delineated on each daily CBCT by a radiation oncologist. Dice similarity coefficient (DSC) mean and standard deviations were calculated to quantify the deformable registration quality for prostate, bladder, rectum and femoral heads. Results: To date, contour comparisons have been analyzed for 31 daily fractions of 2 of 10 of the cohort. Interim analysis shows that right and left femoral head contours demonstrate the highest agreement (DSC: 0.96±0.02) with physician contours. Additionally, deformed bladder (DSC: 0.81±0.09) and prostate (DSC: 0.80±0.07) have good agreement with physician-defined daily contours. Rectum contours have the highest variations (DSC: 0.66±0.10) between the deformed and physician-defined contours on daily CBCT imaging. Conclusion: For structures with relatively high contrast boundaries on CBCT, the MIM automated deformable registration provided accurate representations of the daily contours during treatment delivery. These findings will permit subsequent investigations to automate daily dose computation from CBCT. However, improved methods need to be investigated to improve deformable results for rectum contours.« less